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WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS?. On the whiteboard, place a tally next to each phrase that describes your personality- be honest . Asperger Syndrome and High Functioning Autism: The Tools Needed for Success. A trip back in time….

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What do you know about autism spectrum disorders l.jpg

WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS?

On the whiteboard, place a tally next to each phrase that describes your personality- be honest 



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A trip back in time…

1943- Leo Kanner described Autism for the first time. “Infantile Autism”

1981-Asperger’s 1st acknowledged in a publication by Lorna Wing- “Asperger Syndrome”

1994- DSM IV includes Asperger Syndrome

1944- Hans Asperger published findings of his during a study- “Autistic Psychopathy”

1987- DSM changed name to “Autistic Disorder”


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As a Matter of Fact…

  • Current statistics indicate 1 in 150 births

  • 4 out of 5 diagnosed are boys

  • neurological disability

  • People with autism have a normal life span.

  • There is no known single cause for autism.

  • It occurs in all countries and within all socioeconomic classes

  • the earlier the intervention, the better


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What is this thing called Autism?

Autism Spectrum Disorders or Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Autism

PDD-NOS

Asperger Syndrome

Rett Syndrome

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder


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Areas Affected by an ASD

Behavior

Social interaction

communication


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Why do we say SPECTRUM?social skills * communication * repetitive behaviors

Active and interested but odd

Aloof and disinterested

passive


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Reduced or unusual social interactions

Poor eye contact

Difficult to motivate

Mindblindness

Identifying feelings in self or others

May have no speech or echolalia

Poor volume control

Difficulty interpreting social gestures

Restricted range of interests

Perseveration

Concrete, literal thinkers

Insistence on sameness

Poor organizational skills

Unusual tone

Delayed processing time

Characteristics of Autism and Asperger’s


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-reciprocity

- solitude

-eye contact

-view of friendship

-play with peers

-code of conduct

-honesty

-facial expressions

-theory of mind

-competitiveness

-high expectations

Asperger’s Syndrome and social skills


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Asperger’s Syndrome and communication

-reciprocity

-sense of humor

-tone of voice

-volume

-precise/ states the facts

-literal interpretation

-vocalizing thoughts


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Asperger’s Syndrome and cognition

  • Long term memory

  • Computer skills

  • Specific learning problems

  • Imaginative play

  • Visual thinking

  • Special interests

  • Routines and order

  • Movement


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A

G

E

CognitiveCommunication Social Daily Living Acad Motor

Non-verbal - Verbal Receptive - Expressive- Interact - Leisure- Pers - Domestic -Comn Word Comp.- Math Fine - Gross

recog

Profile of a student with Asperger's Syndrome: Age 16yrs, 7mos

Age

Social use of lang.


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High Functioning Autismvs.Asperger’s




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Straight from the Mouths of Babes

“I want a world with friends.”


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“You got to be careful if you don’t know where you’re going, because you might not get there.”-Yogi Berra


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Therapies and Methodologies going, because you might not get there.”

  • Applied Behavior Analysis

  • (RDI) Relationship Development Intervention

  • Occupational Therapy

  • Speech and Language Therapy

  • Sensory Integration Therapy

  • Diet

  • Pharmocotherapy

  • Music Therapy

  • DIR Floortime


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W going, because you might not get there.”here do we start?


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1.Identify underlying characteristics going, because you might not get there.”

behaviors

Underlying characteristics


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2. Prioritize skills to be taught. going, because you might not get there.”


3 select strategies l.jpg

3. Select strategies. going, because you might not get there.”


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4. Determine who will deliver instruction. going, because you might not get there.”


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A look towards the future… going, because you might not get there.”

  • The Hidden Curriculum

  • Social Stories

  • Scripting

  • Comic Strip Conversations

  • T-charts

  • The Incredible 5 point scale

  • Stress thermometer

  • Power Cards

  • Rule Cards

  • Visual supports

  • Behavioral supports


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The Big going, because you might not get there.”BANG Theory


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