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HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colbert Kathy Lu John Lieu Chris Ratigan PowerPoint PPT Presentation


HTM 304 Management Information Systems Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software 2007-09-04 Daniel Olsson Brett Colbert Kathy Lu John Lieu Chris Ratigan Instructor : Fang Fang. Central Processing. Central Processing. Introduction. Evolution. Function. Suggestions. Parameter.

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HTM 304

Management Information Systems

Field Study : Basics of Hardware and Software

2007-09-04

Daniel Olsson

Brett Colbert

Kathy Lu

John Lieu

Chris Ratigan

Instructor : Fang Fang

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Definitions :

A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. It is also known as a mainboard, baseboard, system board, or, on Apple computers, a logic board, and is sometimes abbreviated as mobo.[1]

A central processing unit (CPU), or sometimes simply processor, is the component in a digital computer capable of executing a program.(Knott 1974) It interprets computer program instructions and processes data. CPUs provide the fundamental digital computer trait of programmability, and are one of the necessary components found in computers of any era, along with primary storage and input/output facilities.

Computer storage, computer memory, and often casually memory refer to computer components, devices and recording media that retain digital data used for computing for some interval of time. Computer storage provides one of the core functions of the modern computer, that of information retention. It is one of the fundamental components of all modern computers, and coupled with a central processing unit (CPU), implements the basic Von Neumann computer model used since the 1940s.

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Time Line

The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced..

1964

1975

1977

1981

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Time Line

The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced..

The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced.

1968

1975

1977

1981

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Time Line

The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced..

Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer.

The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced.

1968

1971

1977

1981

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Time Line

The first computer to use integrated circuits, the IBM 360, is announced..

IBM introduces the IBM PC.

Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer.

The first microcomputer, the Altair, is introduced.

1968

1975

1977

1981

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Time Line

Compaq released their IBM PC compatible Compaq Portable.

Motorola released the 68020 processor.

IBM XT released, similar to the original IBM PC but with a hard drive.

First optical chip developed, it uses light instead of electricity to increase processing speed.

1982

1983

1984

1988 . . . .

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The Backbone…

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The Memory…

Central Processing

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The Brains

  • Intel P4 Processor

  • Intel 4004 Processor, the first microprocessor.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Motherboard

  • Chip set: A motherboard's chip set performs such vital functions as routing data from hard drive to memory to CPU, and making sure all your peripherals and expansion cards can talk to the CPU and one another. Manufacturers base motherboards around the chip sets, adding features like RAID controllers and FireWire ports to differentiate their board

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Motherboard (cont)

  • The motherboard's main job is to hold the computer's microprocessor chip and let everything else connect to it.

  • Everything that runs the computer or enhances its performance is either part of the motherboard or plugs into it via a slot or port.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The form factor is just one of the many standards that apply to motherboards. Some of the other standards include:

  • The socket for the microprocessor determines what kind of Central Processing Unit (CPU) the motherboard uses.

  • The chipset is part of the motherboard's logic system and is usually made of two parts -- the northbridge and the southbridge. These two "bridges" connect the CPU to other parts of the computer.

  • The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) chip controls the most basic functions of the computer and performs a self-test every time you turn it on.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The slots and ports found on a motherboard include:

  • Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)- connections for video, sound and video capture cards, as well as network cards.

  • Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) - dedicated port for video cards.

  • •Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) - interfaces for the hard drives

  • Universal Serial Bus or FireWire - external peripherals

  • Memory slots

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Sockets and CPUs

  • The faster the processor, the faster the computer can think.

  • Processor fits in with inserting the CPU’s pins into the motherboard.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Chipsets

  • The chipset is the "glue" that connects the microprocessor to the rest of the motherboard and therefore to the rest of the computer.

  • On a PC, it consists of two basic parts -- the northbridge and the southbridge.

  • The northbridge connects directly to the processor via the front side bus (FSB). A memory controller is located on the northbridge, which gives the CPU fast access to the memory.

  • The southbridge is slower than the northbridge, and information from the CPU has to go through the northbridge before reaching the southbridge.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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RAM

  • The speed of the RAM connection directly controls how fast the computer can access instructions and data, and therefore has a big effect on system performance.

  • RAM makes up the bulk of a computer's memory. The general rule of thumb is the more RAM the computer has, the better.

  • Much of the memory available today is dual data rate (DDR) memory.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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Computer Hardware

  • Apple Inc.

  • Dell Inc.

  • Hewlett Packard Company


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Apple Inc.

  • Founded: California April 1, 1976

  • Headquarters: Cupertino, California

  • Industry: computer hardware, software, electronics

  • Revenue: $19.3 Billion

  • Website: www.apple.com


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Apple Products

  • Mac mini

  • iMac:

  • Mac Pro

  • MacBook

  • MacBook Pro


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Apple Hardware Standard Features

  • Intel x86 processor

  • 1GB RAM

  • Graphic Processor: ATI Vidia, GeForce or Intel GMA graphics

  • Combo Drive: DVD player & burner in one

  • 2 standard date transfer ports: USB

  • iMac & FireWire: technology support higher performance devices


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MacBook Pro

  • Processor: 2.2 & 2.4 GHz Intel Core 2 Duo (64 bit)

  • Memory: 2 memory slots up to 2GB

  • Display: 15.4 inch Viewable FTF widescreen with 1440x 900 pixel

  • Hard drive: 120GB or 160 GB Serial ATA

  • Battery: 60 watt hour lithium ion

  • Ethernet: Built in 10/100/1000 GB

  • Price: 1,519.00-1,950.00


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Dell Inc

  • Founded: Austin Texas November 4, 1984

  • Headquarters: Round Rock, Texas

  • Industry: Computer hardware

  • Revenue: $55.908 Billion

  • Website: www.dell.com


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Dell Products

  • Desktops

  • Servers

  • Notebooks

  • Peripherals

  • Printers


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Dell Standard Features

  • Modem: Download speed 56kbps and upload 33.6 Kbps.

  • Network interface card: high speed internet using broadband

  • 6 month AOL or EarthLink

  • Operating system & productivity software

  • McAfee: internet security

  • Limited warranty: 24/7 phone & online support and home


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Inspiron

  • Intel core 2 Duo dual core processor

  • Window vista

  • 1.6,1.73,1.86,2.13,2.26 GH Intel Pentium Processor

  • 17” wide screen (1440x900 resolution

  • DDR2: memory

  • Upgrade starts with nVidia GeForce Go 6800 Video card

  • 7200 RPM hard drive

  • Pentium M: 1.6 GH speed

  • Price: 1,569.00-2,109.00


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Hewlett Packard Company

  • Founded: Palo Alto, California

  • Headquarters: Palo Alto, California

  • Industry: Computer system, peripherals, software, consulting

  • Revenue: $9.7 Billion

  • Website: www.hp.com


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Hewlett Packard Products

  • Computer hardware

  • Computer monitors

  • Printers

  • Scanners

  • Servers

  • Cameras

  • Calculator


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HP Compaq

  • Processor: Intel Core Duo or Intel Core 2 Duo (1.83-2.16 GH)

  • Display: 12.1 Color TFT display

  • Graphics: Intel Graphic Media accelerator 950

  • Memory: 512MB-2GB, upgrade max of 4GB

  • Wireless: 802.11 standard, blue tooth V1.2

  • Hard Drive: 600-GB-100GB SATA (5400RPM)

  • Ports: external monitor, microphone in, headphone, battery connector, RJ-11 modem, S video, 3)USB 2.0

  • Price: $1,449-$3,000.00


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Product Recommendations

What type of user are you?

Home User

Business User

Video Editing User

What type of CPU will you need?

Intel vs. AMD Processor

AMD is about half the cost.

Intel has many die hard fans. Much stronger market share and public image, most likely due to aggressive advertising.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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The Motherboard

Decision depends on price range, size of your computer, USB ports, FireWire, graphics cards, and memory needs.

Memory usage.

RAM requirements depend on applications you will be using.

If you are running Windows XP, Microsoft recommends 128MB as the minimum RAM requirement. At 64MB, you may experience problems.

Home Entertainment User:384MB – 512MB

Executive/ Management:1GB - 2GB

Heavy Graphics Design:2GB and up.

Central Processing

Introduction

Evolution

Function

Suggestions

Parameter

Brands


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