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Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices . Mary Ellsberg, Ph.D. Vice President, Health and Development [email protected]

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Violence against women in Melanesia and East Timor: Building on global and regional promising practices

Mary Ellsberg, Ph.D.

Vice President, Health and Development

[email protected]


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Study on global and regional promising practices led by PATH under contract to AUSAIDMary Ellsberg, formerly of PATH Chris Bradley, independent consultantAndrew Egan, AUSAIDAmy Haddad, AUSAID


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Participatory review of promising practices in GBV in Melanesia and East Timor

  • Goal is to contribute to evidence base on what works and what doesn’t in GBV programming based on experiences in Melanesia and East Timor

  • Provide lessons learned from the region and recommendations to AUSAID and governments for strengthening and scaling up support to promising interventions in the region


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What’s working and what’s not? Melanesia and East Timor

  • Innovative solutions- what contributed to their success?

  • Where are the gaps?

  • How to strengthen GBV work and scale up promising practices?

  • What lessons can be applied to other settings?


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Methodology Melanesia and East Timor

  • Document Review

  • Field visits of international team – 5-9 days per country

    • Interviews with key informants

    • Focus Group Discussions with a broad cross section of different individuals and sectors that come into contact with GBV issues and programs

    • Creation of Advisory Groups in each country


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Over 700 individuals participated Melanesia and East Timor

  • Focus groups and interviews with:

    • Magistrates, public solicitors, police

    • Women’s crisis centers, churches, women activists

    • Government officials (MoH, MSW, MWA)

    • Donors, UN agencies, INGOs

    • Community men and women, youth groups, beneficiaries of programs


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Participatory methods used Melanesia and East Timor

  • Free listing and ranking

  • Timelines

  • Open ended stories

  • Venn Diagrams

  • Organizational mapping


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What do we need to change? Melanesia and East Timor


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Venn Diagram Melanesia and East Timor


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Who can help Leila? Melanesia and East Timor (domestic violence case) Venn diagram by FWCC staff, Suva

Police

the women come here after they’ve tried everything else

Give her counseling, and discuss if she feels safe to go home, or back to her relatives.

If she’s badly bruised, We take her to the government hospital for a medical report.

Some women come in and say they’ve been to the police so many times and nothing has happened.

Crisis Center

Church Groups

LEILA

Friend

They will talk about the marriage vows: “Till death do us part”.

FAMILY

Someone nearby who she trusts, who will listen to her… but she might tell her just think of their children, think of her family

Hospital

They do the examination and medical report, some doctors do give them some counselling and tell them it’s their right to not be beaten.

The Family might be helpful at first and take her in for a short while. But after that, reconciliation comes in and the husband comes around and they all want her to go back to him.” “His whole family might come with him and ask for her to go back, and she can’t refuse”


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The Road Traveled Melanesia and East TimorThe history of work on VAW in Vanuatu (Timelines)

1999

Family Protection Bill submitted (still not passed)

1980 Independence of Vanuatu from France and England women allowed and encouraged to vote

1985

Nairobi Conference

1995

CEDAW and CRC ratified

2006

Women’s national Plan developed by DWA

1980

VNCW

established

1992

VWCC established

1995

Setting up Department of Women’s affairs

Chiefs ruling about women wearing trousers


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Stakeholder mapping Melanesia and East Timor


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international Melanesia and East Timor

USP

OXFAM

RRRT

NGOs

Not involved

CAVAWS

Public solicitor

Fiji women’s crisis center

Vanuatu council of churches

Goverments

Pacific children’s program

Judiciary

chiefs

Police

Malvatumauri Council of chiefs

Media

PWNAVAW

Vanuatu youth center

Bilaterals AUSAID, NZD

Education department

Community legal center

UNIFEM, UNAIDS, UNICEF, UNPFA

VANGO

Health department

Dept womens affairs

Local provincial government

Church

Who’s working on GBV in Vanuatu? Who’s missing? (stakeholder mapping)


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Developing a Blueprint for Action Melanesia and East Timor

  • Findings analyzed together with local researchers and TAG members in a regional workshop in PNG

  • Recommendations developed through consensus-based process

  • Report vetted by local TAG members


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Some final reflections… Melanesia and East Timor



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Working with traditional culture, not against it Melanesia and East Timor

  • Committees against Violence against Women (Vanuatu) works closely with traditional chiefs and encourages dialogue with formal justice system

  • Wan Smol Bag – theater group encourages reflection on meaning of local customs


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Engaging is new partnerships is critical for changing community norms

  • Church groups (Weavers)

  • Trauma and peace building activities (Kup Women for Peace, PNG, Sols)

  • Sports

  • Health sector

  • Schools


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Men and boys as allies… community norms


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Sharing knowledge and experiences is key! community norms

  • Beijing Conference

  • Visit of Puntos de Encuentro to East Timor

  • Pacific delegation to Rio Conference on Men and Boys


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