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Experiences of and plans for the development of GHG Inventories in Peru UNFCCC WORKSHOP ON NATIONAL SYSTEMS UNDER ARTICLE 5, PARAGRAPH 1 OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL 12 April 2005 , Wissenschaftszentrum, Bonn, Germany Maria Paz Cigaran National Environmental Council. Content.

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Experiences of and plans for the development of GHG Inventories in PeruUNFCCC WORKSHOP ON NATIONAL SYSTEMSUNDER ARTICLE 5, PARAGRAPH 1OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL12 April 2005, Wissenschaftszentrum, Bonn, GermanyMaria Paz CigaranNational Environmental Council


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Content

  • First NC and 1994 GHG Emission Inventory

  • Second GHG Inventory

  • What we plan to do

  • Lessons Learned


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Summary of the National GHG Inventory 1994 (Gg)

(CO2 equivalent)

0,2%

Fugitive emission

10%

Industrial processes

22,3%

Fuel Combustion

23 %

Agriculture

Aprox.

100 000 Gg

41,7% LUCF

2,8% Waste

Fig. 1. Share of GHG Emissions for Peru.


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The 1994 GHG Inventory (1)

  • First Emission Inventory developed in Peru

  • One purpose effort: Report to the UNFCCC

  • Based on available information

  • Developed by consultants


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The 1994 GHG Inventory (2)

  • Capacity built ?

  • Poorly documented, difficult to replicate, verify

  • Results did not call attention

  • GHG emissions were not the focus of concern

  • Air Quality :Local problems linked to Global problems


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Planning for the 2nd Inventory (1)

  • Constraints/Needs

  • Air Quality – an increasing problem/law requirements

  • Little capacity in institutions to manage AQ issues

  • Lack of information for decision making

  • Scarcity of resources


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Planning for the 2nd Inventory (2)

National Environmental Agenda

National strategy on climate change

National Plan “Let´s Clean the Air” (NAQS)

Integrated National Inventory

  • Multipurpose effort

  • Sustainability


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How are we doing the 2000 inventory?

13 LOCAL INVENTORIES

NATIONAL SECTORS

IPCC EMISSIONS CATEGORIES

CONSULTANTS

SECTOR

Ministry of Energy and Mines

ENERGY

ENERGY

3

1

3

1

2

1

11

4

4

5

18

2

3

36

INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

Ministry of Transport and comunications

SOLVENTS

Ministry of Producction

Production

WASTE

Environmental Health Bureau

Environmental Health Bureau

AGRICULTURE

LUCF

National Institute of natural resouces

INTEGRATED GHG / AP

NATIONAL INVENTORY

National Enviromental Council CONAM


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The 2000 Inventory: improvements (1)

  • Mixed team: ministries staff + supporting consultants AD

  • Learning by doing:

    • Training of experts that after developed sectoral/local inventories

  • Activity Data improvement: Field work

  • Capacity Needs Self assessment

  • Integrated with Air Pollutants Inventory


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The 2000 Inventory: results (1)

  • Capacity improved in the sectors ( 5 consultant in sectoral institutions)

  • Important side products:

    • Sectoral data bases updated and improved

    • Methodology for interpreting satelite images for LUCF

    • Defforestation Map

  • Preliminary design system

  • Critical Factor: Activity Data and DB

  • Transport

  • LUCF


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Our Main Source GHG emissions

Interpretations units

  • Amazonia: 45 satellite images of 2000

  • Scale of interpretation 1: 100 000


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Satellite Images interpretation

P/A

P

B

BS

R

A

Corte Escena 5/67

BS/A


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Deforestation Map


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Plans for the future

System proposal

  • Legal instruments to support the integrated national

  • inventory system

  • Land use monitoring system

  • Cross sectoral data base system

  • QA/QC tools

  • Automatic feeding / reporting

  • Archiving and documentation system

Current efforts


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Lessons learned

  • Still much work to do:

    • Tool for decision making /multipurpose

    • Legal Issues for data reporting and information flow

    • Roles and Budget

    • Law enforcement and Institutional capacity building

  • Local problems with a global thinking:

    • Efficient use of resources (AQ, INV, CDM)

    • Long term planning

    • Advantages of mechanisms for emissions mitigation


Thank you maria paz cigaran email mpcigaran @ conam gob pe www conam gob pe l.jpg

Thank you!!Maria Paz Cigaranemail: mpcigaran @conam.gob.pewww.conam.gob.pe


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