Monday 13th January Stage 1 Semester 2 Week 3 Dr Ken Neil. Beyond The Postmodern Trap. artist. Photograph of Jackson Pollock 1950. “I AM NATURE”. Jackson Pollock, 1950, ‘nature in action?’. “Lucifer” (Detail) Jackson Pollock 1947.
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Monday 13th January
Stage 1 Semester 2 Week 3
Dr Ken Neil
Beyond The Postmodern Trap
Photograph of Jackson Pollock 1950
“I AM NATURE”
Jackson Pollock, 1950, ‘nature in action?’
“Lucifer” (Detail) Jackson Pollock 1947
“Art is an expression of human feeling” is a stock formula, and most students of art respond to it at once. However, philosophers must ask what it means to say this.
John Hospers Art as Expression
In The Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, Edwards, (ed.), New York: Macmillan, 1967.
"Every object in the world can pass from a closed, silent existence to an oral state""We shall therefore take language, discourse, speech etc., to mean any significant unit or synthesis, whether verbal or visual: a photograph will be a kind of speech for us in the same way as a newspaper article; even objects will become speech"Barthes, R., Mythologies, New York, Hill and Wang, 1998, p.109.
“Big Painting VI” Roy Lichtenstein 1965
“Popeye” Roy Lichtenstein 1961
“The Use of Language” Rene Magritte 1928-29
“Do It Yourself Landscape” Andy Warhol 1962
Postmodernism can be said to involve a “linguistic turn” – that is – a move from the expressive picturing of self to the visual writing of ideas.
Visual art can be seen as text – the “words” of “expression” can be learnt.
All art then, from a Postmodern position, is language, and language is socially and culturally constructed - with the individual expressive agent only playing a part in that construction.
“expression” read “representation”
“individual self” read “networked collective”
“original” read “copy”
“fixedness” read “disparateness”
Gavin Turk “Pop” 1993
Glenn Brown “After Frank Auerbach”
Glenn Brown “Mark E Smith (After Auerbach)”
Sherrie Levine “After Walker Evans” 1979
Chris Ofili “Captain Shit and the Legend of the Black Stars” 1996
Simon Starling “Turner Prize 2005” Installation shots
Thomas Hirschhorn “Monument to Raymond Carver” 2005
Jeremy Deller “Battle of Orgreave” 1991
Richard Billingham from “Ray’s A Laugh” 1995