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Incidence of Pregnancy and Abortion. Pregnancies in the United States (Approximately 6.3 Million Annually). Intended. Unintended. Source: Henshaw, 1998a (1994 data). Unintended Pregnancies (Approximately 3.0 Million). Source: Henshaw, 1998a (1994 data).

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Incidence of Pregnancy and Abortion

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Incidence of pregnancy and abortion l.jpg

Incidence of Pregnancy and Abortion


Pregnancies in the united states approximately 6 3 million annually l.jpg

Pregnancies in the United States(Approximately 6.3 Million Annually)

Intended

Unintended

Source: Henshaw, 1998a

(1994 data)


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Unintended Pregnancies(Approximately 3.0 Million)

Source: Henshaw, 1998a

(1994 data)


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Incidence of Abortion

 Each year about 1.3 million pregnancies are terminated by abortion in the United States.

 2.2% of all women aged 15-44 had an abortion in 1997.

 Abortion is one of the most common surgical procedures.

 By age 20, 1 in 7 women have had at least one abortion, and by age 45, 4 in 10 have done so.

Source: AGI; Henshaw, 1998a


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International Perspective on Abortion


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Abortion Rates in Western Industrialized Countries

Source: Henshaw, 1999a

(1996 data)


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Abortion Rates in Developing Countries


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U.S. Share of Abortions Worldwide

Source: Henshaw et al., 1999b

(1995 data)


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Abortion Rate, U.S. and World

Source: Henshaw et al., 1999b

(1995 data)


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Abortions in Developed and Developing Countries

Source: Henshaw et al., 1999b

(1995 data)


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Many Abortions Occur in Countries Where Abortion is Illegal Under Most Circumstances

Source: Henshaw et al., 1999b

(1995 data)


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Reasons for Abortions


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Most Important Reason Given for Terminating an Unwanted Pregnancy

Inadequate finances21%

Not ready for responsibility21%

Woman’s life would be changed too much16%

Problems with relationship; unmarried12%

Too young; not mature enough11%

Children are grown; has all she wants 8%

Fetus has possible health problem 3%

Woman has health problem 3%

Pregnancy caused by rape, incest 1%

Other 4%

Average number of reasons given 3.7

Source: Torres and Forrest, 1988


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Gestational Age


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Abortions by Gestational Age(Weeks Since Last Menstrual Period)

Source: Koonin et al., 2000

(1997 data)


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Reasons for Abortions After 16 Weeks from Last Menstrual Period

Woman did not realize she was pregnant71%

Difficulty making arrangements for procedure48%

Afraid to tell parents or partner33%

Needed time to make decision24%

Hoped relationship would change 8%

Pressure not to have abortion 8%

Something changed during pregnancy 6%

Didn’t know timing was important 6%

Didn’t know she could get an abortion 5%

Fetal abnormality diagnosed late 2%

Other11%

Average number of reasonsgiven2.2

Source: Torres and Forrest, 1988


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Who Has Abortions


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Who Has Abortions: Age

Source: Ventura et al., 2001

(1997 data)


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Who Has Abortions: Marital Status

Source: Henshaw and Kost, 1996

(1995 data)


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Who Has Abortions: Family Income

Source: Henshaw and Kost, 1996

(1995 data)


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Who Has Abortions:Religious Identification

Source: Henshaw and Kost, 1996

(1995 data)


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Who Has Abortions: Number of Prior Abortions

Source: AGI, unpublished data

(1997 data)


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Who Provides Abortion Services


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Percent of Abortions Performed by Each Type of Provider

Source: Henshaw, 1998b


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Safety of Abortion


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Deaths per 100,000 Abortions or Births

Source: Gold, 1990

(Data for 1981-1985)


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Percentage Distribution of Abortion Deaths

Source: Lawson et al., 1994

(Data for 1983-1987)


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Abortion Risks in Perspective

Chance of death

Risk from terminating pregnancy: per year:

Before 9 weeks 1 in 500,000

Between 9 and 10 weeks 1 in 300,000

Between 13 and 15 weeks 1 in 60,000

After 20 weeks 1 in 8,000

Persons who participate in:

Motorcycling 1 in 1,000

Automobile driving 1 in 5,900

Power boating 1 in 5,900

Playing football 1 in 25,000

Risks to women aged 15-44 from:

Having sexual intercourse (PID) 1 in 50,000

Using tampons 1 in 350,000

Source: Hatcher, 1998; Gold, 1990


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Percentage of Maternal Mortality Worldwide Due to Unsafe Abortion

Source: WHO, 1998

(Estimates for 1995-2000)


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