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History and Goals Prison Organization Correctional Officers. Prison Society Women in Prison Prison Programs Violence Prisoner Rights. Incarceration and Prison Society. Prison History. Big Houses South different Traditional Prison Population Changing Prison Population.

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Incarceration and prison society l.jpg

History and Goals

Prison Organization

Correctional Officers

Prison Society

Women in Prison

Prison Programs

Violence

Prisoner Rights

Incarceration and Prison Society


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Prison History

  • Big Houses

    • South different

  • Traditional Prison Population

  • Changing Prison Population


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GOALS OF INCARCERATION

Custodial

Rehabilitation

Reintegration


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Governing Prisoners

  • Authority: Perception vs. Reality

  • Issues

    • Total Power?

    • Rewards and Punishment

    • Cooperation and Leadership


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Correctional Officers

  • Role

  • Recruitment


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Prison Society

  • Prisonization

  • Inmate Code

  • Adaptive Roles

  • Prison Economy


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Women In Prison

  • 8% of new admissions.

  • 6% of total population.

  • Increase of 200% since 1980.

200%

100%

0%

1980..........................1995


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Women in Prison

  • Social Relationships

  • Subculture

  • Programs

  • Children


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Diagnostic Services

Basic Prison Programs


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

carpentry

plumbing

electrical

gardening

printing

keyboarding

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs

Vocational

Programs


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

carpentry

plumbing

electrical

gardening

printing

keyboarding

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs

Vocational

Programs

Counseling

Services


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

carpentry

plumbing

electrical

gardening

printing

keyboarding

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs

Vocational

Programs

Counseling

Services

Recreation

Services


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

carpentry

plumbing

electrical

gardening

printing

keyboarding

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs

Vocational

Programs

Counseling

Services

Recreation

Services

Religious

Services


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Basic Prison Programs

Diagnostic Services

carpentry

plumbing

electrical

gardening

printing

keyboarding

elementary

secondary

college

Educational

Programs

Vocational

Programs

Counseling

Services

Recreation

Services

Religious

Services

Medical

Services


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Prison Industries

  • Established early on

  • Internal maintenance

  • Industry shops and contract work

  • Inefficient

  • Opposed by labor unions


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Violence in prison

  • Explanations

  • Types

  • Contributing factors that can be controlled


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Until the 1960s – Supreme Court “Hands Off” policy on prisons

Cooper v. Pate (1964) - prisoners may challenge the conditions of their confinement under civil rights legislation.


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First Amendment Rights prisons

Theriault v. Carson (1977) – no sham religious practices allowed

Procunier v. Martinez (1974) – censorship of mail only to extent necessary to maintain security


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Fourth Amendment Rights prisons

Hudson v. Palmer (1984) – officials can search cell and confiscate materials

Bell v. Wolfish (1979) – body searches allowed if clear and legitimate purpose outweighs invasion of personal privacy


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Eighth Amendment Rights prisons

Three principle tests – 1) shocks conscience 2) unnecessarily cruel 3)goes beyond legitimate penal aims

Estelle v. Gamble (1976) – no deliberate indifference to medical needs


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14 prisonsth Amendment Rights

Wolff v. McDonnell (1974) – basic due process rights in disciplinary hearings

Lee v. Washington (1968) – no racial segregation in prisons; only justified temporarily to restore order or prevent violence


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Hello, is this microphone on? prisons

  • _____ is the model of correctional institutions that emphasizes maintenance of the offender’s ties to family and community.

  • Reintegration Model

  • _____ are often used by prison officials as a communication source between officials and the inmate population.

  • Inmate leaders

  • _____ is the model of corrections that emphasizes security, discipline, and order.

  • Custodial Model

  • In ____ the Supreme Court said prisoners have basic due process rights in disciplinary hearings

  • Wolff v. McDonnell (1974)

  • _____ is the orientation that judges had toward prisoners’ rights prior to the 1960s.

  • Hands off policy

  • _____ is the system of barter and purchase based on cigarettes and other items that prisoners use to gain desired items

  • Prison economy


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