The Role of Telehealth in Pacific Island Human Resource for Health (HRH) Development:
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The Role of Telehealth in Pacific Island Human Resource for Health (HRH) Development: An Environmental Scan of Past Experiences and Potential Developments. Rieko Hayakawa, Christina Higa, Cathy Wasem. The 21st Pacific Congress Okinawa Asia Pacific Telecommunity Telemedicine Initiative

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The Role of Telehealth in Pacific Island Human Resource for Health (HRH) Development:

An Environmental Scan of Past Experiences and Potential Developments

Rieko Hayakawa, Christina Higa, Cathy Wasem

The 21st Pacific Congress Okinawa

Asia Pacific Telecommunity Telemedicine Initiative

15-16 June 2007, Okinawa, Japan


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I. Introduction Health (HRH) Development:

  • 22 island economies

  • >25,000 islands

  • 8.6 million people

  • Populations from several thousand to over 6 million

  • Geologically diverse – from coral atolls to volcanic high islands



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Hideaki Satoh Health (HRH) Development:

Beliefs: Traditional & Western

Hideaki Satoh


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Geography: small atolls and volcanic islands Health (HRH) Development:

Hideaki Satoh


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Technologies: Traditional & Modern Health (HRH) Development:



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  • There is a global shortage of health workers estimated at more than 4 million doctors, nurses, midwives and others.

  • This takes its greatest toll on the poorest and most vulnerable populations.

  • unprecedented strain on health-care systems :

  • -traditional diseases - malaria and tuberculosis

  • -modern lifestyle-related diseases – diabetes & heart disease

  • Add to this the newly emerging threats such as avian influenza

  • The quality health care may soon be jeopardized in many countries.

  • Dr. Shigeru Omi

  • In Preface to the Regional Strategy on Human Resources for Health 2006-2015 and in an article for World Health Day 2006


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  • Pacific islands situation: more than 4 million doctors, nurses, midwives and others.

  • Double burden of disease

  • - tuberculosis, Hansen's disease, high infant mortality

  • - diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer

  • - rise in communicable disease

  • - increasing alcohol and drug use

  • Lack of Human Resource

  • - 80-90 % of health workers are expatriates in

  • the Marshall Islands

  • Lack of training opportunities

  • - quality education

  • - funding

  • - Small numbers of students


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Telehealth more than 4 million doctors, nurses, midwives and others.

Use of ICT to support long distance

  • clinical health care,

  • health workers and patient health related education,

  • public health, and

  • health administration


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III. PACIFIC ISLANDS TELECOMMUNICATION – MONOPOLIES, ICT POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE


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Telecommunication Costs POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE


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Regional commitment ICT policy POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE

  • 2005 Pacific Islands Forum

    • “Digital Strategy” in the “Pacific Plan”

  • 2004 UNDP funded by Japan

    • “ePasifika”

  • 2001 Pacific Islands Forum

    • “Regional ICT Policy and Strategic Plan”


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7. network chart of USPNet POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE

http://www.usp.ac.fj/index.php?id=uspnet0


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E-Rate Networks POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE


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American Samoa E-Rate Network POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE

  • ~$ 24+ Million in 7-Years

  • All Public and Private Schools Connected

  • Fiber Optics (4-strands)

  • Video Teleconferencing

  • High Speed Internet


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CNMI Partners in Distance Learning Network POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE

  • ~$12+ Million in 4-Years

  • 20 VTC Sites

    • Public School Systems

    • Office of the Governor

    • Electronic Data Processing

    • Commonwealth Health Center

    • 1Gpbs between schools


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Guam Education Network POLICY REFORM, TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS, AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE

  • ~$12+ Million in 4.5-Years

  • 30+ VTC Sites

    * Public Schools

    * University of Guam

  • High Speed Internet

  • On-island Fiber Gigabit Fiber Connectivity



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1. network maintenance and operations TELEHEALTH

2. telecommunication cost

3. collaboration within and among the POLHN sites

4. POLHN resources could be further maximized by working with other governments, health care providers and educational institutions

5. mechanisms for articulating higher education coursework and certifying continuing education


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State of Hawaii TELEHEALTH Telehealth Access Network


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Direct Network Connections TELEHEALTH

Maui

  • Maui Memorial Medical Center

  • Kula Hospital

  • Maui Community College

  • Lanai Community Hospital

    East Hawaii

  • Hilo Medical Center

  • Kau Hospital

  • Hale Ho`ola Hamakua Hospital

    West Hawaii

  • Kona Community Hospital

  • Kohala Hospital

    Others Connections…

  • Chubu Hospital, Okinawa

  • Etc.

Oahu

  • HHSC Corporate Offices

  • North Hawaii Community Hospital

  • Leahi Hospital

  • Maluhia

  • Shriners Hospital for Children

  • St. Francis Health Care System

  • Veterans Administration (and Network)

  • UH College of Tropical Agriculture

  • JABSOM Telemedicine Network (and Clinics)

  • UH Affiliated Programs

    Kauai

  • Kauai Veterans Memorial Hospital

  • Samuel Mahelona Memorial Hospital


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  • Tripler Army Medical Center’s (TAMC) TELEHEALTH

  • Pacific Rim Regional Telerehabilitation

  • Program

  • The Pacific Area Health Education Centre

  • (AHEC)

  • Pacific Association for Clinical Training

  • (PACT)


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The University of Guam has established 30 telecentres in the remote islands of the Micronesian region HF radio email system


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V. EXPERIENCES AND ISSUES IN ICT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT remote islands of the Micronesian region


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Tokai University Medical School remote islands of the Micronesian region

Leading telehealth in Japan and Asia Pacific

2006 – 2008 ICT training in Japan (3 month)

Special designed for Pacific Islands Health workers


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Pacific ICT Academy remote islands of the Micronesian region

  • Partners: ASG, ASCC, DOI, eCDC, DELTA, TIPG

  • Accredited, Professional Certificates CISCO, Microsoft, Oracle

  • Modality: VTC/ Local Facilitators

  • 1-Year Program

  • Agreements with Employers


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Conclusions remote islands of the Micronesian region

1. Problem in the access and cost of telecommunication services: need to increase access and lower costs by

i. universal service mechanisms

ii. accelerate development of ICT strategies

iii. support networks eg. PEACESAT & USPNet

2. Problem – a lack of a regional coordinating body (or bodies) in this arena: improve the linkages between the health, education, and ICT sectors, and the local, regional, and international funding agencies

  • 3. Problem – there is a small number of ICT technical personnel: need to enhance local higher education institutions to provide training

  • 4. Problem – a lack of policies that support the articulation of coursework and the certification of continuing education : need to develop mechanisms for sharing HRH programs among higher education institutions.


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Collaboration between Okinawa and Pacific remote islands of the Micronesian region

E-Health for Okinawa (Chubu Hospital)

For 50 remote islands

*2 Hospitals: Miyako Island and Yaeyama Islands

*19 Clinics

Needs:

To help doctors and nurses who work in remote Is.


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(ed.) Sumiko Ogawa (2000) remote islands of the Micronesian region 「Public Health Nurse

in Okinawa」.Educational video. JICA

Mahalo, Arigatou, ViNaka, Mifaiyu,

health professionals and administrators who contributed valuable information and insights regarding HRH development and ICT in the Pacific for this paper


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