Face stroke before it faces you
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Face Stroke, Before it Faces You. Welcome. Introduction. Do you know a friend or relative who has had a stroke, or have you ever had a stroke yourself? Where in the body does a stroke happen?. Facts About Stroke.

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Introduction l.jpg
Introduction

Do you know a friend or relative who has had a stroke, or have you ever had a stroke yourself?

Where in the body does a stroke happen?


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Facts About Stroke

  • 3rd leading cause of death and leading cause of adult disability in the United States

  • Without treatment, most people who have a stroke will have moderate to severe impairment

  • Stroke affects people of all ages


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What is a stroke?

  • Occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted

  • Brain cells in the immediate area begin to die because they stop getting the oxygen and nutrients they need to function

  • Sometimes called a “brain attack”


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Three Types of Strokes

  • Mini-Stroke - or Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)

  • Ischemic caused by blood clot

  • Hemorrhagic caused by bleeding


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Mini-Stroke or TIA

  • Brief episodes of confusion

  • Difficulty speaking or understanding

  • Visual problems, dizziness or lossof balance

  • Warning signal for major ischemic stroke

  • 30% of strokes are preceded bymini-strokes

  • Call 9-1-1


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Ischemic Stroke

  • Clot blocks flow of blood to brain

  • Over 80% of strokes are ischemic

  • Clot busting drugs must be given by a physician within 3 hours of symptom onset – TIME is vital!


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Hemorrhagic Stroke

  • Bleeding in the brain caused by burst blood vessel or aneurysm

  • Sudden severe headache is a common sign

  • Can be treatedwith surgery


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Disability

Loss of ability to:

  • Walk

  • Talk

  • See

  • Take care of oneself

  • Read and write

  • Drive


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Signs of Stroke

Any one of the warning signs is a reason to call 9-1-1.

Sudden…

  • Numbness in the face, arm or leg

  • Slurred speech

  • Blurred vision

  • Dizziness or loss of balance

  • Severe headache

911


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Go in an Ambulance

  • Person having a stroke will be seen more quickly

  • EMTs communicate with ER doctors

  • ER can prepare for arrival

  • EMTs can monitor condition andbegin treatment

  • Time saved is brain saved


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Delay can be Deadly

  • Patient delay is the largest reason why people do not get care as quickly as needed.

  • Do not wait more than a few minutes—5 at the most—to call 9-1-1.


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Why do we delay?

  • Think symptoms are due to something else

  • Afraid or unwilling to admit symptoms are serious

  • Embarrassed about:

    • “Causing a scene”

    • Having a false alarm/bothering EMTs

  • Do not understand need for getting to hospital fast


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Uncontrollable Risk Factors

  • Age

  • Race/Ethnicity

  • Family history of stroke or early heart disease

  • Previous stroke, heart attack or other signs of heart disease


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Controllable Risk Factors

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Smoking

  • Diabetes

  • Obesity

  • High Cholesterol

  • Physical inactivity


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Lifestyle Changes

  • Reduce intake of fatty foods and eat more fruits and vegetables

  • Walk 30 minutes a day

  • Exercise prevents stroke, heart disease and other conditions

    Check out: www.healthymainewalks.org


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Act Quickly!

With any one of these symptoms…

Call 911 Immediately!


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Face Stroke

  • Learn stroke warning signs.

  • Talk with family and friends about warning signs and calling 9-1-1.

  • Talk to your doctor about stroke and heart attack risk and what to do to reduce your risk

  • Watch for signs in friends and family and act quickly – call 9-1-1.


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For More Information:

  • Local Contact:

  • Maine Cardiovascular Health Program

    email: [email protected]

    www.healthymainepartnerships.org/mcvhp


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Resources:

  • American Stroke Association (ASA)

    www.strokeassociation.org 1-888-4-STROKE

  • Brain Attack Coalition (BAC)

    www.stroke-site.org

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

    www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/stroke.htm

  • National Stroke Association (NSA)

    www.stroke.org 1-800-STROKES

  • Your Local Healthy Maine Partnership: Physical activity, nutrition and tobacco resources www.healthymainepartnerships.org


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