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Face Stroke, Before it Faces You. Welcome. Introduction. Do you know a friend or relative who has had a stroke, or have you ever had a stroke yourself? Where in the body does a stroke happen?. Facts About Stroke.

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction

Do you know a friend or relative who has had a stroke, or have you ever had a stroke yourself?

Where in the body does a stroke happen?

facts about stroke
Facts About Stroke
  • 3rd leading cause of death and leading cause of adult disability in the United States
  • Without treatment, most people who have a stroke will have moderate to severe impairment
  • Stroke affects people of all ages
what is a stroke
What is a stroke?
  • Occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted
  • Brain cells in the immediate area begin to die because they stop getting the oxygen and nutrients they need to function
  • Sometimes called a “brain attack”
three types of strokes
Three Types of Strokes
  • Mini-Stroke - or Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)
  • Ischemic caused by blood clot
  • Hemorrhagic caused by bleeding
mini stroke or tia
Mini-Stroke or TIA
  • Brief episodes of confusion
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding
  • Visual problems, dizziness or lossof balance
  • Warning signal for major ischemic stroke
  • 30% of strokes are preceded bymini-strokes
  • Call 9-1-1
ischemic stroke
Ischemic Stroke
  • Clot blocks flow of blood to brain
  • Over 80% of strokes are ischemic
  • Clot busting drugs must be given by a physician within 3 hours of symptom onset – TIME is vital!
hemorrhagic stroke
Hemorrhagic Stroke
  • Bleeding in the brain caused by burst blood vessel or aneurysm
  • Sudden severe headache is a common sign
  • Can be treatedwith surgery
disability
Disability

Loss of ability to:

  • Walk
  • Talk
  • See
  • Take care of oneself
  • Read and write
  • Drive
signs of stroke
Signs of Stroke

Any one of the warning signs is a reason to call 9-1-1.

Sudden…

  • Numbness in the face, arm or leg
  • Slurred speech
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Severe headache

911

go in an ambulance
Go in an Ambulance
  • Person having a stroke will be seen more quickly
  • EMTs communicate with ER doctors
  • ER can prepare for arrival
  • EMTs can monitor condition andbegin treatment
  • Time saved is brain saved
delay can be deadly
Delay can be Deadly
  • Patient delay is the largest reason why people do not get care as quickly as needed.
  • Do not wait more than a few minutes—5 at the most—to call 9-1-1.
why do we delay
Why do we delay?
  • Think symptoms are due to something else
  • Afraid or unwilling to admit symptoms are serious
  • Embarrassed about:
    • “Causing a scene”
    • Having a false alarm/bothering EMTs
  • Do not understand need for getting to hospital fast
uncontrollable risk factors
Uncontrollable Risk Factors
  • Age
  • Race/Ethnicity
  • Family history of stroke or early heart disease
  • Previous stroke, heart attack or other signs of heart disease
controllable risk factors
Controllable Risk Factors
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • High Cholesterol
  • Physical inactivity
lifestyle changes
Lifestyle Changes
  • Reduce intake of fatty foods and eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Walk 30 minutes a day
  • Exercise prevents stroke, heart disease and other conditions

Check out: www.healthymainewalks.org

act quickly
Act Quickly!

With any one of these symptoms…

Call 911 Immediately!

face stroke
Face Stroke
  • Learn stroke warning signs.
  • Talk with family and friends about warning signs and calling 9-1-1.
  • Talk to your doctor about stroke and heart attack risk and what to do to reduce your risk
  • Watch for signs in friends and family and act quickly – call 9-1-1.
for more information
For More Information:
  • Local Contact:
  • Maine Cardiovascular Health Program

email: [email protected]

www.healthymainepartnerships.org/mcvhp

resources
Resources:
  • American Stroke Association (ASA)

www.strokeassociation.org 1-888-4-STROKE

  • Brain Attack Coalition (BAC)

www.stroke-site.org

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/stroke.htm

  • National Stroke Association (NSA)

www.stroke.org 1-800-STROKES

  • Your Local Healthy Maine Partnership: Physical activity, nutrition and tobacco resources www.healthymainepartnerships.org
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