EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES – ITS HISTORY IN THE LAST 50 YEARS. Professor Paul Zimmet , AO, MD, PhD, FRACP, FRCP(UK) International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DIABETES – ITS HISTORY IN THE LAST 50 YEARS
Professor Paul Zimmet, AO, MD, PhD, FRACP, FRCP(UK)
International Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia
MAIMONIDES - THE FIRST DIABETES EPIDEMIOLOGIST?
“Diabetes mellitus was seldom seen in “cold” Europe, whereas it was frequently encountered in “warm” Africa.”
“I, too, have not seen it in the West, nor did any of my teachers under whom I studied mention that they had seen diabetes. However, here in Egypt, in the course of approximately ten years, I have seen more than twenty people who suffer from this illness.”
was convened in Geneva in 1964 (6). The report of this group includes one of the first attempts at international consensus on a classification. While there have been a number of sets of nomenclature and diagnostic criteria proposed for diabetes including the 1964 attempt, no systematic categorization existed until just over 20 years ago. The contemporary classification of diabetes and other categories of glucose intolerance, based on scientific research on this heterogeneous syndrome, was developed in 1979 by international workgroups, the National Diabetes Data Group (7) of the National Institutes of Health, USA, and the WHO Expert Committee on Diabetes in 1980 (8).
Estimated global prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Harry Keen and John Jarrett in the early 1970’s
Epidemiology has come a long way since those early years. The study of epidemiology involves much more than number counting.