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Crime and Punishment. Fyodor Dostoevsky Written in 1865-1866 St. Petersburg, Russia. The Life of Dostoevsky. Born one of six children in Moscow in 1821 Fyodor was emotionally troubled and alienated friends with his moods

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crime and punishment

Crime and Punishment

Fyodor Dostoevsky

Written in 1865-1866

St. Petersburg, Russia

the life of dostoevsky
The Life of Dostoevsky
  • Born one of six children in Moscow in 1821
  • Fyodor was emotionally troubled and alienated friends with his moods
  • After quitting the military, he began writing about his own youth which was full of misery, isolation and insecurity.
  • First bestseller was Poor Folk- it was admired for its character study and romantic socialism
troubled times
Troubled Times
  • Arrested in 1849 for his reckless socialistic articles and condemned to die by firing squad
  • Saved by the tsar, he was instead sentenced to 4 years of hard labor in Siberia.
  • This further contributed to his fears and alienation and he developed epilepsy.
  • In 1853 he experienced a religious conversion.
  • He began a socialist newspaper and once more received unfavorable criticism
crime and punishment4
Crime and Punishment
  • Poor and reduced to begging, Fyodor began writing C and P.
  • It was serialized in The Russian Messenger and appeared in English 4 years later.
  • Returned to St. Petersburg and became a literary idol.
  • Died in 1881 of a epileptic seizure.
about the novel
About the Novel
  • Setting – the Russian city of St. Petersburg and a prison in Siberia
  • Third person omniscient
  • Psychological novel- Raskolnikov’s tortured psychological punishment
russian translations
Russian Translations
  • Raskolnikov – “raskol” means “schism” or “split” in Russian
  • Luzha – “puddle”
  • Razum – “reason”, “intelligence”

Russian word for crime is “prestuplenie”

Directly translated means -“stepping over the line”

themes
Themes
  • Alienation from Society – at first Raskolnikov is separated by his pride, and later by his guilt and its intense psychological and physical effects
superman theme
Superman theme
  • An extraordinary person above moral laws
  • “steps beyond” and has no conscience
  • Nietzche – “In Beyond Good and Evil”, 2 types of morality: master-morality and slave-morality.
  • The higher type of man creates his own values and the meek and powerless are at their mercy.
nihilism
Nihilism

Portrait of Friedrich Nietczhe

  • Philosophical idea – developed in Russia 1850-1860
  • Rejected family, societal bonds and emotional and aesthetic concerns
  • Favored strict “materialism”- no mind or soul outside of the physical
  • Nietzche’s nihilism – active vs. passive
  • Active nihilism seeks to destroy what it no longer believes in .
slide10

“There will be wars such as there have never been on earth before. Only from my time on will there be on earth politics on the grand scale”Nietzche

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