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Costs of making preschool compulsory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ministry of Health. Ministry of Welfare. NGOS. Ministry of Education . Initial Education Birth to 3 years 11 months old Care and Educational focus Diferent curriculums Conafe´s impact evaluation: -Improvement of parents and children competencies . Preschool

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Ministry

of

Health

Ministry

of

Welfare

NGOS

Ministry

of

Education

  • Initial Education
  • Birth to 3 years 11 months old
  • Care and Educational focus
  • Diferent curriculums
  • Conafe´s impact evaluation:
  • -Improvement of parents and children competencies
  • Preschool
  • 3 to 5 years 11 months old
  • Since 2002 obligatory
  • Educational focus only
  • 15 hours per week
  • No impact evaluation

Mexican Early Childhood Education

slide3

Reasons to make preschool compulsory

  • Public Policy
    • To improve the quality of the educational process and its achievements
    • To attain 12 years of schooling
  • International Research
  • Children 3-6 years of age who attend Preschool
    • Have time during preschool to develop their capacities and skills
    • Have easier transitions and a better academic performance in elementary school
    • Increase their self-control, self-esteem, and communication, social, and mathematical skills

C O M P U L S O R Y

costs of making preschool compulsory
Costs of making preschool compulsory
  • In 2009 the Goverment invested in preeschool
  • $1,030 Thousand US Cost per Child/4,594,382
  • $4,7 Billions US Cost per Year
  • Infrastucture
  • Regularization
  • Training
  • Operation Costs
  • Materials
  • Salaries
implementation process
Implementation Process

Reform Implementation Process

  • Regulation of public and private establishments
  • Setting standards and qualifications for educative agents
  • State-level, regional, municipal, and service unit meetings to introduce the new program

2002 Reforms of the Mexican Constitution

(3rd and 31st Articles)

Obligatory Preschool

“Preschool education will become obligatory in the following stages: the 3rd year

of preschool in the 2004-2005 academic cycle; the 2nd year of preschool in the

2005-2006 academic cycle; the 1st year of preschool in the 2008-2009

academic year”

obstacles
Obstacles

Infrastructure

Policy Debate

Training

Resources

  • Early childhood
  • development
  • depends not
  • on obligations,
  • but on curricular
  • development and
  • suitable
  • conditions
  • Preparing
  • educators
  • that work with
  • different
  • methods
  • and programs
  • Provide
  • services
  • to diverse
  • populations
  • Lack of
  • preschool
  • teachers
  • Overcrowding of
  • preschool classrooms for lack
  • of space
  • Lack of capital
  • to accomplish the
  • obligatory first
  • year due to the
  • finnancial crisis
  • Resource
  • distribution
  • criteria
successes
Successes

Since the 2003-2004 academic school year, preschool registration has grown by more than 1.1 million children.

challenges
Challenges

Preschool Enrollment (2009-2010)

  • To increase the 3 year old
  • population enrollment,
  • which represent almost
  • the 21% of children not
  • enrolled
challenges9
Challenges

1. Investment to 2015

42 thousand new

teachers (1:18)

38 thousand

classrooms

Enrollment would

rise to 726 thousand

students

2. Balance between parents´ working

hours and preeschool

Increase preeschool

hours in order to support working parents

ad