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Ministry of Health. Ministry of Welfare. NGOS. Ministry of Education . Initial Education Birth to 3 years 11 months old Care and Educational focus Diferent curriculums Conafe´s impact evaluation: -Improvement of parents and children competencies . Preschool

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Presentation Transcript
Slide2 l.jpg

Ministry

of

Health

Ministry

of

Welfare

NGOS

Ministry

of

Education

  • Initial Education

  • Birth to 3 years 11 months old

  • Care and Educational focus

  • Diferent curriculums

  • Conafe´s impact evaluation:

  • -Improvement of parents and children competencies

  • Preschool

  • 3 to 5 years 11 months old

  • Since 2002 obligatory

  • Educational focus only

  • 15 hours per week

  • No impact evaluation

Mexican Early Childhood Education


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Reasons to make preschool compulsory

  • Public Policy

    • To improve the quality of the educational process and its achievements

    • To attain 12 years of schooling

  • International Research

  • Children 3-6 years of age who attend Preschool

    • Have time during preschool to develop their capacities and skills

    • Have easier transitions and a better academic performance in elementary school

    • Increase their self-control, self-esteem, and communication, social, and mathematical skills

C O M P U L S O R Y


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Costs of making preschool compulsory

  • In 2009 the Goverment invested in preeschool

  • $1,030 Thousand US Cost per Child/4,594,382

  • $4,7 Billions US Cost per Year

  • Infrastucture

  • Regularization

  • Training

  • Operation Costs

  • Materials

  • Salaries


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Implementation Process

Reform Implementation Process

  • Regulation of public and private establishments

  • Setting standards and qualifications for educative agents

  • State-level, regional, municipal, and service unit meetings to introduce the new program

2002 Reforms of the Mexican Constitution

(3rd and 31st Articles)

Obligatory Preschool

“Preschool education will become obligatory in the following stages: the 3rd year

of preschool in the 2004-2005 academic cycle; the 2nd year of preschool in the

2005-2006 academic cycle; the 1st year of preschool in the 2008-2009

academic year”


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Obstacles

Infrastructure

Policy Debate

Training

Resources

  • Early childhood

  • development

  • depends not

  • on obligations,

  • but on curricular

  • development and

  • suitable

  • conditions

  • Preparing

  • educators

  • that work with

  • different

  • methods

  • and programs

  • Provide

  • services

  • to diverse

  • populations

  • Lack of

  • preschool

  • teachers

  • Overcrowding of

  • preschool classrooms for lack

  • of space

  • Lack of capital

  • to accomplish the

  • obligatory first

  • year due to the

  • finnancial crisis

  • Resource

  • distribution

  • criteria


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Successes

Since the 2003-2004 academic school year, preschool registration has grown by more than 1.1 million children.


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Challenges

Preschool Enrollment (2009-2010)

  • To increase the 3 year old

  • population enrollment,

  • which represent almost

  • the 21% of children not

  • enrolled


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Challenges

1. Investment to 2015

42 thousand new

teachers (1:18)

38 thousand

classrooms

Enrollment would

rise to 726 thousand

students

2. Balance between parents´ working

hours and preeschool

Increase preeschool

hours in order to support working parents


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