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Health Education AdvanceMed Hanford. Cholesterol, Heart Health and Nutrition:. What is Cholesterol?. Fat-like substance (lipid) present in cell membranes. Cholesterol moves through the body in packages called “lipoproteins”.

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Cholesterol heart health and nutrition l.jpg

Health Education

AdvanceMed Hanford

Cholesterol, Heart Health and Nutrition:

What is cholesterol l.jpg
What is Cholesterol?

  • Fat-like substance (lipid) present in cell membranes.

  • Cholesterol moves through the body in packages called “lipoproteins”.

  • This is the ONLY way that fat and cholesterol can be transported in the body.

Hdl cholesterol l.jpg
HDL Cholesterol

  • HDL-High Density Lipoproteins

  • The “Good” Cholesterol

  • Protective to the body.

    • Removes excess cholesterol from artery walls.

    • Returns it to the liver for reprocessing

  • Can be raised by exercise and good nutrition.

Should be 60 or higher

Ldl vldl cholesterol l.jpg
LDL & VLDL Cholesterol

  • VLDL-Very Low Density Lipoproteins

  • LDL-Low Density Lipoproteins

  • The “BAD” Cholesterol

  • Fat and cholesterol are deposited in your body by “Bad Cholesterol” lipoproteins.

  • If LDL is high, so is risk for coronary heart disease.

  • Can be lowered by exercise and good nutrition, weight control & medicine.

Should be less than 130

Where should my numbers be at l.jpg




1 = 5 or less

LDL 100 = 4.3

HDL 30

Total 130

LDL 160 = 9

HDL 20

Total 180

LDL 160 = 3.2

HDL 70

Total 230

Where should my numbers be at?

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How does food contribute?

  • The more saturated fat you eat, the more lipoprotein packages are produced by the liver.

  • The result is a greater build-up of cholesterol in the artery walls.

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Food that can help Cholesterol numbers:

  • Oat meal / oat bran: contains soluble fiber which lowers LDL. (also found in kidney beans, brussel sprouts, apples, pears, psyllium, barley and prunes.)

  • Walnuts & Almonds: Rich in polyunsaturated fats, walnuts and almonds help keep blood vessels elastic.

  • Omega 3 Fatty Acids: Known for lowering triglycerides, but also lowers blood pressure and risk of blood clots. (In people who have already had heart attacks, Omega 3 significantly reduces the risk of sudden death.) Doctors recommend 2 servings per week. Best sources include mackerel, lake trout, albacore tuna, salmon, herring, sardines, flaxseed, walnuts, canola oil, soybean oil.

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What can YOU do?

Step #1 – Reduce intake of saturated fats.

Step #2 – Reduce dietary cholesterol (animal products).

Step #3 - Reduce total fat in your diet.

Step #4 – Increase dietary fiber.

Step #5 – Eat more vegetable protein,

less animal protein.

Step #6 – Weight Management

Step #7 – Take a daily vitamin

Step #8 – Physical Activity

Step #9 – Drugs & Medications