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Chapter 30. North America. Southwest- Anasazi- built Pueblo Bonito and Cliff Palace “Pueblo Indians” -descendants of nomadic hunters who arrived from northwestern canada between 1200 & 1500. Navajo Rituals. Sand painting ( aka Dry paintings) Created to accompany prayers and chants

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Chapter 30

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Chapter 30 l.jpg

Chapter 30


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North America

  • Southwest- Anasazi- built Pueblo Bonito and Cliff Palace

  • “Pueblo Indians”

  • -descendants of nomadic hunters who arrived from northwestern canada between 1200 & 1500


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Navajo Rituals

  • Sand painting ( aka Dry paintings)

  • Created to accompany prayers and chants

  • Also created to cure diseases

  • Shamans- medicine men (made the images)

  • Painting style, rigid, simple curves, straight lines, serial repetition

  • Nightway: whirling logs (30-8) Franc J. Newcomb (not a shaman but had permission from a shaman to create the image)

  • Mid 17th century-navajo learned how to weave from Hopi and Pueblo neighbors


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Hopi Kachinas

  • Kachina doll- kachine (benevolent supernatural spirits that personify natural elements)

  • Masked dancers impersonate kachinas

  • Dedicated festivals to rain, fertility, and good hunting

  • Otto pentewa-kachina doll (30-9)


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(30-11)


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Pueblo Pottery

  • Utilitarian forms

  • Worked without potter wheel

  • Maria martinez- 1900’s. revived tecniques of these native artists


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(30-10)


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Masks for Transformation Rites

  • Northwest coast

  • Masks, totem poles, rattles, chests, etc.

  • Rich oral tradition displayed by the art created


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An intimidating war helmet

  • (30-11) kwakiutl mask

  • Dramatic style

  • Wood used for masks

  • Tlinit helmet- representational of dead spirits


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Clan History on Haida Poles

  • Frontal poles

  • Totemic emblems- interest in prestige and family history

  • (30-13) reconstructed haida village- bill reed

  • Right to own and display crests-jealously guarded


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Alaskan Ceremonial Blankets

  • Chilkat Blanket (30-14)- tlinlit village

  • -made of mountain goats wool

  • -northwest coastal art is regarded as one of the sophisticated high points of native american artwork


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Eskimo

  • The north wings mask- Yupik Eskimo- wood and feathers

  • (30-15)

  • -paired human hands on the mask represent the shamans power to attract animals to hunt


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Great Plains

  • The europeans introduced the horse to north america, creating mobilized native americans

  • Artists began to paint tipis, tipi linings, and buffalo skin robes with stiff figural designs

  • The naturalistic scenes were introduced, usually of war exploits inspired by european visiting artists


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Costume As Art

  • (30-16) Karl Bodmer- Hidatsa Warrior Pehriska-Ruhpa (Two Ravens)

  • Plains people were nomadic

  • Aesthetic was focused on clothing and bodies and portable objects

  • The items in focus in this painting are the buffalo rove, bear claw necklace, and feather decorations


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Paintings in Ledger Books

  • Plain arts flourished during the reservation period

  • Women did beadwork and men painted in ledger books

  • (30-17) Kiowa Artists depicts a tipi scene, in which native americans are celebrating.

  • This piece shows the typical décor of the men and women in the native american tribes.

  • -this particular drawing depicts a powwow


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