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Chapter 30. North America. Southwest- Anasazi- built Pueblo Bonito and Cliff Palace “Pueblo Indians” -descendants of nomadic hunters who arrived from northwestern canada between 1200 & 1500. Navajo Rituals. Sand painting ( aka Dry paintings) Created to accompany prayers and chants

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north america
North America
  • Southwest- Anasazi- built Pueblo Bonito and Cliff Palace
  • “Pueblo Indians”
  • -descendants of nomadic hunters who arrived from northwestern canada between 1200 & 1500
navajo rituals
Navajo Rituals
  • Sand painting ( aka Dry paintings)
  • Created to accompany prayers and chants
  • Also created to cure diseases
  • Shamans- medicine men (made the images)
  • Painting style, rigid, simple curves, straight lines, serial repetition
  • Nightway: whirling logs (30-8) Franc J. Newcomb (not a shaman but had permission from a shaman to create the image)
  • Mid 17th century-navajo learned how to weave from Hopi and Pueblo neighbors
hopi kachinas
Hopi Kachinas
  • Kachina doll- kachine (benevolent supernatural spirits that personify natural elements)
  • Masked dancers impersonate kachinas
  • Dedicated festivals to rain, fertility, and good hunting
  • Otto pentewa-kachina doll (30-9)
pueblo pottery
Pueblo Pottery
  • Utilitarian forms
  • Worked without potter wheel
  • Maria martinez- 1900’s. revived tecniques of these native artists
masks for transformation rites
Masks for Transformation Rites
  • Northwest coast
  • Masks, totem poles, rattles, chests, etc.
  • Rich oral tradition displayed by the art created
an intimidating war helmet
An intimidating war helmet
  • (30-11) kwakiutl mask
  • Dramatic style
  • Wood used for masks
  • Tlinit helmet- representational of dead spirits
clan history on haida poles
Clan History on Haida Poles
  • Frontal poles
  • Totemic emblems- interest in prestige and family history
  • (30-13) reconstructed haida village- bill reed
  • Right to own and display crests-jealously guarded
alaskan ceremonial blankets
Alaskan Ceremonial Blankets
  • Chilkat Blanket (30-14)- tlinlit village
  • -made of mountain goats wool
  • -northwest coastal art is regarded as one of the sophisticated high points of native american artwork
eskimo
Eskimo
  • The north wings mask- Yupik Eskimo- wood and feathers
  • (30-15)
  • -paired human hands on the mask represent the shamans power to attract animals to hunt
great plains
Great Plains
  • The europeans introduced the horse to north america, creating mobilized native americans
  • Artists began to paint tipis, tipi linings, and buffalo skin robes with stiff figural designs
  • The naturalistic scenes were introduced, usually of war exploits inspired by european visiting artists
costume as art
Costume As Art
  • (30-16) Karl Bodmer- Hidatsa Warrior Pehriska-Ruhpa (Two Ravens)
  • Plains people were nomadic
  • Aesthetic was focused on clothing and bodies and portable objects
  • The items in focus in this painting are the buffalo rove, bear claw necklace, and feather decorations
paintings in ledger books
Paintings in Ledger Books
  • Plain arts flourished during the reservation period
  • Women did beadwork and men painted in ledger books
  • (30-17) Kiowa Artists depicts a tipi scene, in which native americans are celebrating.
  • This piece shows the typical décor of the men and women in the native american tribes.
  • -this particular drawing depicts a powwow
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