Agreement on the conservation of albatrosses and petrels
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Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels. Gary Allport BirdLife International. Red List Indices for selected species-groups . 1988. 1992. 1996. 2000. 2004. Pigeons Waterbirds Parrots Raptors Gamebirds Seabirds. 0.00. -0.02. Better. -0.04. -0.06. Red List Index.

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Red List Indices for selected species-groups

1988

1992

1996

2000

2004

Pigeons

Waterbirds

Parrots

Raptors

Gamebirds

Seabirds

0.00

-0.02

Better

-0.04

-0.06

Red List Index

-0.08

-0.10

Worse

-0.12

-0.14

-0.16

STATE OF THE WORLD’S BIRDS 2004

Indicators for our changing world


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Life History Makes Populations Vulnerable

Low Productivity

Single Egg

Low Breeding Frequency

Delayed Sexual Maturity


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Summary of Seabird Declines

  • Of 21 species of albatross:

    • 20 are threatened with extinction

    • 1 is near threatened (IUCN Red List)

  • Five large petrels also threatened

  • Primary threat to most species is fisheries bycatch, especially by longline but also trawl fisheries

  • > 1 billion hooks set per year; kill more than 300,000 seabirds, including 100,000 albatrosses

  • Albatross and Procellaria petrels most at threat in Southern Ocean – where albatross and petrel populations and longline effort are concentrated



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Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

Highly migratory species such as albatrosses and petrels cannot be conserved by one country acting independently of other nations which share the same species populations

  • Countries which share populations of threatened seabirds have sought to take actions on an international level to complement policy and actions taken within their own jurisdictions


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Entry into the agreement allows members to implement complementary action plans to :

protect critical habitat

control non-native species detrimental to albatrosses and petrels

introduce measures to reduce the incidental catch of seabirds in long-line fisheries

support research into the effective conservation of albatrosses and petrels


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Overlap of the combined density grid of breeding albatrosses and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998. Fisheries data from Tuck et al. (2003)


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Signatories and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998. - Spain, UK, New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Chile Ecuador, Argentina, South Africa and Norway

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

Currently protects all southern hemisphere albatross species and seven species of southern hemisphere petrels

Northern hemisphere species may benefit from incorporation into the Agreement


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US Commission on Ocean Policy and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998.

“It is in America’s interests to work with the international community to preserve the productivity and health of the oceans and to secure cooperation among nations everywhere in managing marine assets wisely.”

Final Report of the US Commission on Ocean Policy, September 2004


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US leadership and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998.

Reauthorization of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act promotes the science-based fishery management techniques successfully developed in the North Pacific

ACAP can act as a vehicle for U.S. to demonstrate leadership by promoting world-wide use of successful seabird bycatch mitigation measures developed domestically


Summary l.jpg
Summary and petrels with total pelagic effort (blue) and demersal effort (green) for 1998.

  • Clear shared resource

  • Needs international agreement to be effective

  • Adds value to existing frameworks, such as bycatch committee works of Regional Fisheries Management Organisations


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