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REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA. AVIAN INFLUENZA 7 TO 9 MARCH 2006 PRETORIA. Migratory wild birds. Wetland & coastal species: 200 000 to 400 000 birds migrate to Namibia. Come from northern hemisphere.

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REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA

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Republic of namibia l.jpg

REPUBLIC OF NAMIBIA

AVIAN INFLUENZA

7 TO 9 MARCH 2006

PRETORIA


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Migratory wild birds

  • Wetland & coastal species: 200 000 to 400 000 birds migrate to Namibia. Come from northern hemisphere.

  • Terrestrial species: 2 to 5 mill. birds migrate to Namibia. Main breeding areas in Eurasia.


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LIVESTOCK FARMING SYSTEMS

  • Namibia poultry population = 958 000.

  • Majority: small numbers at household level = 744 000 poultry

  • Commercial poultry farms = 214 000 poultry.

  • Commercial ostriches = 15 000


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TRADE: BIRDS / POULTRY

2005 Bird imports:

  • 180 370 Pullets (young hens at point of lay).

  • 18 400 Day old chickens.

  • 801 pigeons, doves, parrots.

  • Total = 199 571

    Poultry exports: None (We eat ‘em all)


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HUMAN RESOURCES

  • Ministry of Health & Social Services and the Ministry of Agriculture, Water & Forestry have staff shortage.

  • Magnitude of outbreak will determine whether Namibian staff can cope with situation.

  • If a single outbreak can be contained at origin, staff can control.

  • Large outbreak and / or spread of disease will require international assistance.


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DIAGNOSTICS

  • Directorate of Veterinary Services have standing arrangement with Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute to process samples & do final diagnosis on Transboundary Animal Diseases.

  • Ministry of Health and Social Services need to send human samples to CDC in Atlanta, Georgia, USA: results available after 7 working days.

    Possible assistance from S.A. will be appreciated !

    Global shortage on antiviral drugs for humans !


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INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Veterinary laboratory can do ELISA tests pending availability of funds. Final diagnosis by Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute.

  • Human samples to be dispatched by Namibian National Institute of Pathology to USA for diagnosis.

  • Communication: internet, e-mail, phones, faxes, pamphlets, roads, vehicles, newspapers, radio and TV available.


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PRE-OUTBREAK PROCEDURES

  • Ostrich sero-surveillance since 2000.

  • Samples: 10% in flocks < 500 birds,

    5% in flocks > 500 birds.

  • Results: Neg. for AI subtypes H5 and H7, and neg. for Newcastle Disease.

  • National multi-sectoral Av. Infl. Task Force: OPM, DVS, MoHSS, MET, MoD, MoF&MR, FAO, WHO, UN.

  • Farmer & Public awareness campaigns.

  • Training of professionals, special attention to poultry.


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OUTBREAK SITUATION:Contingency Plan (Response Plan)

Comprehensive document regarding:

  • Nature of disease & zoonosis.

  • Legislation, training, awareness campaigns.

  • Chain of command, experts & committees.

  • Health monitoring of staff / farmers, antiviral drugs, protective clothing, disinfectants.

  • Field equipment, samples, Lab. procedures.

  • Carcass destruction, compensation.


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BUDGET FOR NAMIBIA

  • Pre-epidemic phase: funds available on Namibian recurrent budget = US$ 31 000.

  • Pre-epidemic phase: funds needed US$ 100 000

  • Pandemic / Epidemic phase: funds needed US$ 1.6 mil

  • TOTAL funds needed: US$ 1.7 mil


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PRESENTED BY

Dr. Frans Joubert

DIRECTORATE OF

VETERINARY SERVICES

NAMIBIA

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Dr. J. Vries & Ms. L. De Wee:

Ministry of Health and

Social Services.

Dr. A. Bishi & Mrs G. Tjipura-Zaire:

Directorate of Veterinary

Services.

END


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