62 years of Independence The Future is Bright. Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee Professor Indian Institute of Mass Communication Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa, India [email protected] Greetings and Best wishes on 63rd year of our Independence.
62 years of IndependenceThe Future is Bright
Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee
Indian Institute of Mass Communication
Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa, India
On this day we pay homage to all those persons who fought for the independence.They sacrificed their lives.As a result we are enjoying being citizens of a free, sovereign nation.
The condition of ‘India that is Bharat’ can be summed is in just one line: tera India mahan, mera Bharat pareshan.(Your India is great, but my bharat is in trouble)s- Seen scrawled at the back of a truck.
200 million people earn less than Rs 12 per day.
Number of poor people growing. Farmers are committing suicide.
Highest number of illiterate persons
No 4 in Forbes billionaire list.
Consistent 8.5% economic growth for the last 6 years
India will be the second fastest growing economy in the world after China*
Highest number of tech-qualified persons
*Goldman Sachs, the American financial services major
Appalling basic health services
30 crore illiterate; largest in the world
Emerging as global pharma-hub and medical destination
Indian firms have two-thirds of the global market in offshore IT services. Indian IT industry is worth $50b. Exports $32b. Growing at 35%
Perennial shortage of electricity
126 in HDI list
Slimming centers mushrooming
India’s merchandise exports grew by a quarter last year
People are happier than many Western countries: survey
% average annual GDP growth
1900 – 19501.0
1950 – 19803.5
1980 – 20026.0
2002 – 20078.0
Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001), 2000-2005 Finance Ministry
% average annual growth
1901 – 1950 1.0
1951 – 1980 2.2
1981 – 1990 2.1
1991 – 2000 1.8
2001 – 2010 1.5
Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001)
Source: Census of India (2001)
1980 8 65
2000 22 220
2010 (proj) 32 368
Source: The Consuming Class, National Council of Applied Economic Research, 2002
1% of the people have been crossing poverty line each year for 20 years. Equals ~ 200 million.
Rishi Aurobindo prophesied what is penned beautifully in a song: ‘Bharat abar biswasabhai srestha asan labe’(India will once again be the best in the world).In the new environment, when knowledge is central - India will emerge as a strong nation. It is not a wishful thinking, but an achievable reality.