62 years of Independence The Future is Bright. Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee Professor Indian Institute of Mass Communication Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa, India [email protected] Greetings and Best wishes on 63rd year of our Independence.
On this day we pay homage to all those persons who fought for the independence.They sacrificed their lives.As a result we are enjoying being citizens of a free, sovereign nation.
The condition of ‘India that is Bharat’ can be summed is in just one line: tera India mahan, mera Bharat pareshan.(Your India is great, but my bharat is in trouble)s- Seen scrawled at the back of a truck.
Abject Poverty in just one line:
200 million people earn less than Rs 12 per day.
Number of poor people growing. Farmers are committing suicide.
Highest number of illiterate persons
No 4 in Forbes billionaire list.
Consistent 8.5% economic growth for the last 6 years
India will be the second fastest growing economy in the world after China*
Highest number of tech-qualified persons
*Goldman Sachs, the American financial services majorContrasting pictures
Appalling basic health services in just one line:
30 crore illiterate; largest in the world
Emerging as global pharma-hub and medical destination
Indian firms have two-thirds of the global market in offshore IT services. Indian IT industry is worth $50b. Exports $32b. Growing at 35%Contrasting pictures
Widespread hunger in just one line:
Perennial shortage of electricity
126 in HDI list
Slimming centers mushrooming
India’s merchandise exports grew by a quarter last year
People are happier than many Western countries: surveyContrasting pictures
% average annual GDP growth
1900 – 1950 1.0
1950 – 1980 3.5
1980 – 2002 6.0
2002 – 2007 8.0
Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001), 2000-2005 Finance Ministry
% average annual growth
1901 – 1950 1.0
1951 – 1980 2.2
1981 – 1990 2.1
1991 – 2000 1.8
2001 – 2010 1.5
Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001)
2010 (proj) 80
Source: Census of India (2001)
1980 8 65
2000 22 220
2010 (proj) 32 368
Source: The Consuming Class, National Council of Applied Economic Research, 2002
2010 (proj) 16%
1% of the people have been crossing poverty line each year for 20 years. Equals ~ 200 million.
Rishi Aurobindo prophesied what is penned beautifully in a song: ‘Bharat abar biswasabhai srestha asan labe’(India will once again be the best in the world).In the new environment, when knowledge is central - India will emerge as a strong nation. It is not a wishful thinking, but an achievable reality.