Chapter 2
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Chapter 2. Lesson 3. Vocabulary Lesson 3. Irrigation: a way of supplying water to crops with streams, ditches, or pipes Staple: a main crop that is used for food Ceremony: a special event at which people gather to express important beliefs. People of the Southwest.

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Chapter 2

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Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Lesson 3


Vocabulary lesson 3

Vocabulary Lesson 3

  • Irrigation: a way of supplying water to crops with streams, ditches, or pipes

  • Staple: a main crop that is used for food

  • Ceremony: a special event at which people gather to express important beliefs


People of the southwest

People of the Southwest

  • Region includes present day Arizona

    and New Mexico. Also stretches across areas that we know today- Utah, Colorado, Nevada, Texas, and California

    >Part of the Rocky mountains

    > Large area of region is flat and desert

    >Small amount of rain


People and the land

People and The Land

  • Climate influenced the way Southwest Indians lived

  • Very dry area where trees would not grow; did not rain often

  • They were farmers; lack or rain affected agriculture

  • Used irrigation systems to help water crops

  • Irrigation systems were ditches, streams, or pipes that allowed water to be sent to crops in need of water

  • Water from the rivers flowed through irrigation system.


People and the land1

People and The Land

  • Planted Corn deep in the ground so roots could get moisture from the earth

  • Crops were also planted in areas that flooded during the spring rains


People and the land2

People and The Land

  • Trees did not grow since the land was dry

  • Built adobes- houses made of sticks, stones, and clay

  • Usually built houses on steep mesas to protect them from attacks


The hopi

The Hopi

  • Oldest Indian group in Southwest

  • Began living in Arizona before 1350

  • Lived in dry land

  • Used irrigation system to grow beans, squash, and corn

  • Corn was their staple crop


The hopi1

The Hopi

  • Grew yellow, blue, red, white, and purple corn.

  • Grew a large amount of corn to last the entire year; stored in rooms in their pueblos

  • Hopis constructed pots from clay to store food and water in

  • First people to fire pottery; this makes pottery hard and strong


The hopi2

The Hopi

  • Religion was important them

  • Believed creator led them to the Southwest

  • Felt they were meant to be caretakers of the land

  • Tried to keep land healthy; believed healthy land gave good harvest and rainfall

  • Caretaking of the land included prayer and yearlong calendar ceremonies


Hopi today

Hopi Today

  • Still follow cultural traditions

  • Still live in villages in Southwest

  • Still have dances and ceremonies

  • Skilled at making pottery, weavings, baskets, and silver jewelry

  • Today they hold jobs in local business and other professional fields.


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