Multi-level welfare and housing: regional housing policies in the Spanish home ownership society. Joris Hoekstra - OTB Research for the Built Environment / Delft University of Technology. Aitziber Etxezarreta. Estrella Cruz Mazo. Gala Cano Fuentes. Kees Dol and Joris Hoekstra.
Joris Hoekstra - OTB Research for the Built Environment / Delft University of Technology
Aitziber Etxezarreta in the Spanish home ownership society
Estrella Cruz Mazo
Gala Cano Fuentes
Kees Dol and Joris Hoekstra
To what extent do patterns of multi-level governance influence Spanish housing policy?
Subject of multi-level governance gets little attention in housing studies
Countries with strong competencies at the regional level: Spain, Germany, Italy, UK, Belgium
Europeanization contributes to regionalization:
Multi-level governance and welfare provision.
What determines at which level welfare and housing policies are carried out?
3 concepts that may explain the rise of regional welfare policies:
Organizing principle of decentralisation, stating that a matter ought to be handled by the smallest, lowest, or least centralized authority capable of addressing that matter effectively
=> Maastricht treaty (1992): what is EU responsibility and what is national responsibility?
=> Decentralization of welfare policies, ‘regional laboratories’
Part of the responsibility for welfare policies might be transferred to the regional and/or local level in order to realize budget cuts at the national level (e.g. the decentralization of health care policies to the municipalities in the Netherlands).
Regional policy-makers might attempt to repair some of the effects of national welfare state retrenchment.
The more regional autonomy, the higher the probability of regional welfare policies.
The degree regional autonomy depends on:
At first, traditional housing policies largely continued and there was a belief in a soft landing of the housing market
After 2012, strong budget cuts and a fundamental re-orientation of the national housing policy.
“Cambiar une cultura de acceso a la vivienda a la propiedad por otra que tenga en el alquiler una opción deseable y preferente”
Strong focus on housing rights and the prevention of evictions:
Stick to subsidized home ownership (path dependency, more financial means?)
But new ways of using subsidized homeownership dwellings are being proposed:
Quite early and sophisticated anti-eviction policies:
Fiscal incentives and guarantees for private rental landlords.
Regional housing policies in Spain can differ significantly from the Spanish national housing policy.
Explanatory factors are the level of economic development and the degree of regional identity.
More research is needed before firmer conclusions can be drawn.
Make a more quantitative comparison of the various regional housing policies and their impact (budget, numbers etc.).
Include more Spanish regions in the comparison
Compare the developments in Spain with those in Ireland.
Investigate whether the crisis has really changed the attitudes of households towards homeownership.