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Development of Constitutional Democracy in Europe. DEMOS common people. KRATOS Rule / strength/ power. DEMOCRACY. Direct Democracy Greeks (Greece) Everyone participates in government By voting Every vote is counted. Indirect Democracy Romans (Rome)

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DEMOS

    • common people
  • KRATOS
    • Rule / strength/ power
democracy
DEMOCRACY
  • Direct Democracy
    • Greeks (Greece)
    • Everyone participates in government
      • By voting
      • Every vote is counted
  • Indirect Democracy
    • Romans (Rome)
    • Also known as Republic or republican form of government
    • People participates by electing /voting REPRESENTATIVES
democracy1
Democracy
  • Direct Democracy
  • Indirect Democracy or Republic
development of constitutional democracy in europe1
Development of Constitutional Democracy in Europe

Constitutional Democracy

    • Set limits to the government
    • People Participates (elections )
  • How did Europe go from no participation ( 1 person Gov./ Monarch) to a constitutional democracy?

?

magna carta 1215
Magna Carta (1215)
  • King John ( absolute monarchy)
    • abusing power
  • Nobles force King John to sign the Magna Carta (document)
  • Taking some power from him / Limits powers of the king
magna carta
Magna Carta
  • Rights taken from king / given to nobles
  • Rule of law – nobody is above the law / rules apply to all
  • Balance of power
  • Limited power
  • Power of the purse ( $$)
  • Security of private property
  • Due process of law ( steps)
  • Judgment by one’s peers
parliament
Parliament
  • Legislature
    • growth of an independent legislature share power w/ king
    • Representatives
    • Make laws or legislate
    • Development of “Habeas Corpus”
protestant reformation 1500 s
Protestant Reformation (1500’s)
  • Faith / Religious – Christianity
  • Complaints or protests against Catholic Church
  • New Churches
  • Members of churches set councils to create and enforce rules =

Self- government

  • Henry VIII

Martin Luther

Split of Christian Church in many different denominations

glorious revolution english bill of rights
Glorious Revolution & English Bill of Rights

Glorious Revolution (1688)

  • King James/ Mary & William
    • Protestants
    • Invited to become Queen & King of England
    • To avoid having a Catholic King/Queen
    • No bloodshed

English Bill of Rights

  • (1689)
  • Common Law
    • Rights to more people
  • More limits on the power of the King
enlightenment
Enlightenment
  • Age of Reason
  • 1600’s & 1700’s
  • Knowledge – How things work / WHY?
  • Science & reason
enlightenment philosophers
Enlightenment - Philosophers
  • John Locke
    • Natural Rights
    • Social Contract
  • Jean – Jacques Rousseau
    • Social Contract
    • Warning
  • Baron de Montesquieu
    • Separation of Powers
locke natural rights
Locke – Natural Rights
  • Rights that everyone has
  • Rightsyou are born with
    • Life
    • Liberty
    • Pursued of Happiness
    • Private Property
locke social contract
Locke – Social Contract
  • Invisible Contract
  • Agreement
  • Between government & people (govern)
  • Government rule as long as they protect natural rights of people
rousseau
Rousseau
  • Social Contract + Warning
  • If government does not keep their part of the agreement people can break their part of the contract. ( revolution)
montesquieu
Montesquieu

Separation of Powers

  • Three (3) Branches of Government
    • Best Form of government
    • Can check on each other
development of constitutional democracy
Development of Constitutional Democracy

From 1 person in power to ALL participating and limiting powers of government

process
Process
  • Neatly create a time line that express the development of Constitutional Democracy in Europe.
    • Include Dates ( years as discussed in class)
    • Visual Representations or illustrations for each step

(color your visuals)

  • Answer the following question – Use complete sentences / sentences & paragraphs format.

Describe the development of constitutional democracy in Europe, and explain how this relate to America.

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