The incompatibility argument
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the incompatibility argument. Determinism : Everything that happens is causally determined by the past and the laws. Determinism : Everything that happens is causally determined by the past and the laws .

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Determinism: Everything that happens is causally determined by the past and the laws.


Determinism: Everything that happens is causally determined by the past and the laws.

Transitivity: If x is causally determined by y and y is causally determined by z, then x is causally determined by z.


With Earth's first Clay They did the Last

Man knead,

And there of the Last Harvest sow'd the

Seed:

And the first Morning of Creation wrote

What the Last Dawn of Reckoning shall

read.

-Umar Khayyam


The Universality of Causation: Everything has a cause which precedes it in time.

The Sufficiency of Causation: Causes determine their effects, in the sense that the effect is necessary, given the cause (and the laws).



“The assumption of an absolute determinism is the essential foundation of every scientific enquiry.”

-Max Plank


“Everything is determined, the beginning as well as the end, by forces over which we have no control. It is determined for the insect as well as the star. Human beings, vegetables, or cosmic dust, we all dance to a mysterious tune, intoned in the distance by an invisible piper.”

-Albert Einstein


The Principle of Alternative Possibilities end, by forces over which we have no control. It is determined for the insect as well as the star. Human beings, vegetables, or cosmic dust, we all dance to a mysterious tune, intoned in the distance by an invisible piper.”: An action is only free if the person could have done otherwise.


The incompatibility argument1
the end, by forces over which we have no control. It is determined for the insect as well as the star. Human beings, vegetables, or cosmic dust, we all dance to a mysterious tune, intoned in the distance by an invisible piper.” incompatibility argument

  • Determinism is true.

  • If Determinism is true, then none of our actions are free.

  • None of our actions are free.


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