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T he University of Rouen. Normandy - France. French higher education: new developments with respect to the Bologna process and new relations for more effective cooperation with universities by Prof.Dr.Cafer Özkul, President Speech plan : The French Education System Rouen University

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T he University of Rouen

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The University of Rouen

Normandy - France

French higher education: new developments with respect to the Bologna process and new relations for more effective cooperation with universities

by Prof.Dr.Cafer Özkul, President

Speech plan :

  • The French Education System

  • Rouen University

  • Structures of cooperation between universities and industry

1- The French Education System-

  • Primary education (that lasts five years, from approximately age 6 to age 11).

  • Secondary education

  • Higher education

Primary and Secondary education

  • institutions that are highly centralized in their administration

  • A secondary education divided in 2 stages

    • Stage 1 : Junior High School

    • Stage 2 : High School

    • The baccalauréat : entrance exam for higher education

Higher education

  • A dual system : Composed of Universities and « Grandes Ecoles »

  • A three cycle system, called LMD system

    • a relatively new effort to harmonize degree qualifications in France with the rest of Europe

    • A 3-5-8 years of study system

Bachelor- Master- Doctoral degree






L1 L2 L3

3 years

5 years

8 years

The specific case of medicine and pharmacy studies

  • First cycle called PCEM in 2 years

  • Second cycle called DCEM in 4 years (study + hospital internship)

  • This 6 years study leads to the vocational qualification only in Dentistry and Pharmacy

  • Third cycle culminating in State diplomas

    • national diploma of practitioner in medicine (3 years)

    • national diploma in specialized medicine (5 years)

Higher education

  • In addition, vocational degrees are offered in either universities or high schools

    • DUT : in 2 years after the bac in IUTs

    • BTS : a 2 year diploma provided by high schools

Schools for engineering degrees, “Grandes Ecoles”

  • public and private institutions that are selective

  • generally offer a more specialized three-year course of study

  • with majors in business, public administration, or engineering

  • leading to a master’s degree plus an engineering diploma

A broad array of institutions-universities offer thousands of degree programs at all levels

  • Difficult to compare with the US system

  • A budget for education = 20% of the annual budget of the french state

  • A close national monitoring of the quality of instruction/curricular content

  • a long tradition of openness and accessibility

  • Inexpensive tuition fees

2- The University of Rouen




A seven-campus University

  • 2400 lecturers, researchers and other staff

  • 24350 students(3000 international students)

  • 900 PhD students,130 defended PhD / year

Our outstanding academic departments and programs are offered in 6 faculties :

  • Sports

  • Sciences and technologies

  • Health Science, Medicine, Pharmacy

  • Sociology, Psychology and Education Sciences

  • Law, Economics, Managment

  • Humanities, letters and arts

And 5 institutes :

  • The institute for business management

  • The institute for general administration

  • The institute for teacher training

  • 2 institutes of technology

University gouvernance

  • An elected President

  • 3 boards:

    • The Administrative Board

    • The scientific board, only consultative

    • The education and student life board, only consultative

  • In addition to the general adminstrative services , several services dedicated to academic goals :

  • Long life learning

  • Sandwich courses

  • Distant learning

  • Teaching quality evaluation cell

  • Vocational insertion

  • Research

  • International relations

3- Structures of cooperation between universities, research establishements and industry

  • Mixed research units

  • Competitive clusters

  • PRES : a hub for higher education and research

  • GRR : extended research networks

  • Mixed research units

    An original feature of the French higher education and research system:

    The research units of the national research establishments are installed inside universities and jointly operated.

    CNRS (26000 permanent employees), INSERM,INRA, INRIA, IRD, INRETS, CEA, ONERA, IFREMER

Competitive clusters

  • In 2002 a new industrial strategy based on the development of competitive clusters to increase French industrial potential

  • A strategy based on active partneship between manufacturers, research centers and training bodies

  • A strategy also conducted at the EU level

  • A « competitive cluster » label granted to selected projects

  • 2 main types of clusters

    • Very high-tech clusters with an international profile

    • Clusters based on an industrial base in French areas of specialization or development

PRES (a hub for higher education and research)

  • Connects different universities, engineering schools and teaching hospitals, often from the same city or neighbouring region

  • The main objectives:

    • acquisition of costly equipment to be shared between labs

    • training PhD students

    • promotion and transfer of research

    • International development

  • 19 existing PRES today in France and some others to come

GRR : extended research networks

  • Thematic research networks at a regional scale supported by local administration with grants :

    • for PhD students

    • for scientific equipment

    • for conference organisation

    • In order to impulse collaboration between labs working in the same field

  • 6 in the Higher Normandy Region

To summarize :

  • The aim of these collaborative structures is to favor the innovative research and higher education actions in order to contribute to the local, national and european economic development.

  • To say the truth, part of these new education and research organisations were originated from the international ranking objective , especially from the highly criticized Shangai ranking .

  • This motivation also impacts the federative projects supported by european funds.

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