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T he University of Rouen. Normandy - France. French higher education: new developments with respect to the Bologna process and new relations for more effective cooperation with universities by Prof.Dr.Cafer Özkul, President Speech plan : The French Education System Rouen University

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The University of Rouen

Normandy - France

French higher education: new developments with respect to the Bologna process and new relations for more effective cooperation with universities

by Prof.Dr.Cafer Özkul, President

Speech plan :

  • The French Education System
  • Rouen University
  • Structures of cooperation between universities and industry
1- The French Education System-
  • Primary education (that lasts five years, from approximately age 6 to age 11).
  • Secondary education
  • Higher education
Primary and Secondary education
  • institutions that are highly centralized in their administration
  • A secondary education divided in 2 stages
    • Stage 1 : Junior High School
    • Stage 2 : High School
    • The baccalauréat : entrance exam for higher education
Higher education
  • A dual system : Composed of Universities and « Grandes Ecoles »
  • A three cycle system, called LMD system
    • a relatively new effort to harmonize degree qualifications in France with the rest of Europe
    • A 3-5-8 years of study system

Bachelor- Master- Doctoral degree






L1 L2 L3

3 years

5 years

8 years

The specific case of medicine and pharmacy studies
  • First cycle called PCEM in 2 years
  • Second cycle called DCEM in 4 years (study + hospital internship)
  • This 6 years study leads to the vocational qualification only in Dentistry and Pharmacy
  • Third cycle culminating in State diplomas
    • national diploma of practitioner in medicine (3 years)
    • national diploma in specialized medicine (5 years)
Higher education
  • In addition, vocational degrees are offered in either universities or high schools
    • DUT : in 2 years after the bac in IUTs
    • BTS : a 2 year diploma provided by high schools
Schools for engineering degrees, “Grandes Ecoles”
  • public and private institutions that are selective
  • generally offer a more specialized three-year course of study
  • with majors in business, public administration, or engineering
  • leading to a master’s degree plus an engineering diploma
A broad array of institutions-universities offer thousands of degree programs at all levels
  • Difficult to compare with the US system
  • A budget for education = 20% of the annual budget of the french state
  • A close national monitoring of the quality of instruction/curricular content
  • a long tradition of openness and accessibility
  • Inexpensive tuition fees




A seven-campus University

  • 2400 lecturers, researchers and other staff
  • 24350 students(3000 international students)
  • 900 PhD students,130 defended PhD / year

Our outstanding academic departments and programs are offered in 6 faculties :

  • Sports
  • Sciences and technologies
  • Health Science, Medicine, Pharmacy
  • Sociology, Psychology and Education Sciences
  • Law, Economics, Managment
  • Humanities, letters and arts

And 5 institutes :

  • The institute for business management
  • The institute for general administration
  • The institute for teacher training
  • 2 institutes of technology

University gouvernance

  • An elected President
  • 3 boards:
    • The Administrative Board
    • The scientific board, only consultative
    • The education and student life board, only consultative
  • In addition to the general adminstrative services , several services dedicated to academic goals :
  • Long life learning
  • Sandwich courses
  • Distant learning
  • Teaching quality evaluation cell
  • Vocational insertion
  • Research
  • International relations
3- Structures of cooperation between universities, research establishements and industry
  • Mixed research units
  • Competitive clusters
  • PRES : a hub for higher education and research
  • GRR : extended research networks

Mixed research units

An original feature of the French higher education and research system:

The research units of the national research establishments are installed inside universities and jointly operated.

CNRS (26000 permanent employees), INSERM,INRA, INRIA, IRD, INRETS, CEA, ONERA, IFREMER

Competitive clusters
  • In 2002 a new industrial strategy based on the development of competitive clusters to increase French industrial potential
  • A strategy based on active partneship between manufacturers, research centers and training bodies
  • A strategy also conducted at the EU level
  • A « competitive cluster » label granted to selected projects
  • 2 main types of clusters
    • Very high-tech clusters with an international profile
    • Clusters based on an industrial base in French areas of specialization or development
PRES (a hub for higher education and research)
  • Connects different universities, engineering schools and teaching hospitals, often from the same city or neighbouring region
  • The main objectives:
    • acquisition of costly equipment to be shared between labs
    • training PhD students
    • promotion and transfer of research
    • International development
  • 19 existing PRES today in France and some others to come
GRR : extended research networks
  • Thematic research networks at a regional scale supported by local administration with grants :
    • for PhD students
    • for scientific equipment
    • for conference organisation
    • In order to impulse collaboration between labs working in the same field
  • 6 in the Higher Normandy Region
To summarize :
  • The aim of these collaborative structures is to favor the innovative research and higher education actions in order to contribute to the local, national and european economic development.
  • To say the truth, part of these new education and research organisations were originated from the international ranking objective , especially from the highly criticized Shangai ranking .
  • This motivation also impacts the federative projects supported by european funds.