48. 2. PART I: GENERAL PARODY . 48. 3. Wolcott Gibbs from The New Yorker. Wolcott Gibbs said that parody is the hardest form of creative writing because the style of the subject must be reproduced in slightly enlarged form, while at the same time holding the interest of people who haven't read the
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1. 48 1 PARODY PART I: GENERAL PARODY PART II: SHREK PARODIES PART III: POE PARODIES by Alleen Pace Nilsen,
Don L. F. Nilsen, and
2. 48 2 PART I:
3. 48 3 Wolcott Gibbs from The New Yorker Wolcott Gibbs said that parody is the hardest form of creative writing because the style of the subject must be reproduced in slightly enlarged form, while at the same time holding the interest of people who haven’t read the original.
4. 48 4 Gibbs said that further complications are posed since it must entertain at the same time that it criticizes and must be written in a style that is not the writer’s own.
He went on to say, “The only thing that would make it more difficult would be to write it in Cantonese.”
(Nilsen and Nilsen 220)
5. 48 5 ISAAC WATTS’ ORIGINAL POEM: “AGAINST IDLENESS AND MISCHIEF” How doth the little busy bee
Improve each shining hour
And gather honey all the day
From every opening flower!
6. 48 6 LEWIS CARROLL’S PARODY How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale?
7. 48 7 MEL BROOKS’ PARODIES Blazing Saddles
Robin Hood, Men in Tights
8. 48 8 OTHER MOVIE PARODIES Monty Python’s Life of Brian
Monty Python and the Holy Grail
Monty Python: The Meaning of Life
9. 48 9 PARODIES ON TV AND ON LINE
Mark Russell (A Political Cartoonist for the Blind)
10. 48 10 PART II:
11. 48 11 THE STORY OF SHREK: JEFFREY KATZEMBERG AT DISNEY From 1975 to 1984 Jeffrey Katzenberg worked with Walt Disney in Who Framed Roger Rabbit, The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, and The Lion King
But in 1984 when expected to become 2nd in command under Michael Eisner, he was passed over.
12. 48 12 SHREK: REVENGE OF JEFFREY KATZEMBERG To get his revenge on Disney, in 1994 Katzenberg joined Steven Spielberg and David Geffen to form “Dreamworks.”
And Dreamworks parodied all things Disney in their “Shrek” movies.
Shrek is a Yiddish word and also a German word. In both languages, it means “fear,” or “terror.”
13. 48 13 PARODIES OF DISNEY CHARACTERS Dreamworks used words, actions, behaviors, and visual effects in Shrek to parody such Disney icons as Beauty and the Beast, Cinderella, Dumbo, the Little Mermaid, Peter Pan, Pinocchio, and Sleeping Beauty.
Earlier, Shrek says that ogres are layered, like onions. At the end of the movie, Shrek and Fiona ride off in an onion-shaped carriage.
14. 48 14 PARODIES OF FOLK LITERATURE Since much of Disney’s success was grounded in the recreation of folk literature, parodies can also be found of the Gingerbread Man, Goldilocks and the Three Bears, the Three Blind Mice and the Three Little Pigs.
For example, in the parody of the Three Bears, Mama is wearing a pink hair bow, and later there is a bear rug in Farquaad’s bedroom which is also wearing a pink hair bow.
15. 48 15 PARODIES OF DISNEY STUDIOS Dreamworks also parodied Disney Studios in Shrek by reproducing its parking lot (called “Lancelot”), its long winding lines of people, its turnstyles, and its sets, and its buildings.
For example, when people enter DuLac, the puppets are singing “Welcome to DuLac” in the same key and tempo as “It’s a Small World.”
16. 48 16 PARODIES OF POPULAR CULTURE In Shrek there are parodies of Flatley’s Lord of the Dance, and of The Matrix, and of Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and of Men in Tights.
Since four of the Shrek illustrators studied at Notre Dame, there is also a parody of that university, in the buildings, and in the name “Farquaad,” which is an allusion to a distant quad at Notre Dame University. The full name is “University of Notre Dame DuLac.”
17. 48 17 PARODIES OF EDUCATED CULTURE Art is parodied in the scene where Farquaad lies under a Sandro Botacelli tryptych in the position of Venus in Botacelli’s “The Birth of Venus”
18. 48 18 SHREK, THE BOOK AND THE MOVIE In fact, the The movie Shrek is actually a parody of William Steig’s book Shrek
Despite the similarity of the plot line and illustrations almost all of the details of the movie are parodies of music, movies, pop culture, or literature.