How can non-trade concerns in agriculture be best safeguarded?. Ｍｒ． Tetsuo USHIKUSA MAFF, Japan. 1.Overview of Japanese Agriculture. (1) The largest net food importing country with micro-sized scale farming. ●Trade of Foods － Japan, US, EU. ● Scale of Farming － Japan, US, EU.
1.Overview of Japanese Agriculture. safeguarded?
(1) The largest net food importing country with micro-sized scale farming
●Trade of Foods－Japan, US, EU
●Scale of Farming－Japan, US, EU
Year 2004,Unit:billion $
Date: Japan-2003, US-2002, EU-2000
*TCL; Total Cultivated Land
(2) Faced with major challenges safeguarded?
65 or over
14 or less
14 or less
65 or over
1965 1970 1980 1990 2000
1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000
of which hilly and
2. Important Non Trade Concerns for Japan safeguarded?
・ Food Security
・Conservation of Land
・Fostering Water Resources
・Preservation of the National Environment
・Development of Favorable Landscapes
・Maintenance of Cultural Heritage
・Viability of Rural community
Non-trade concern safeguarded?
of the National
Viability of Rural community
Animal protection, etc
Multifunctionality of Agriculture
（１） safeguarded?Food Security
●Continuous decline of Japan’s
Food self-sufficiency rate.
● Official opinion polls on trade of
agricultural products (July,2000)
・Perception about future food
supply in Japan
Source: Science Council of Japan Nov.2001 Report
Loss of permeability after abandoned safeguarded?
Landslide in abandoned paddy fields safeguarded?
3.We are moving to new scheme for domestic support safeguarded?
Measures in principle
for all farmers
Measure targeted on
Commodity specific price
support and payment
ex :wheat, soybeans, sugar
Non commodity specific support focused
on the overall farm management
・ Acceleration of the structural reform of agriculture
・ Response to the strengthening of WTO disciplines
types of Agriculture to be assured, while fully committing
to the Doha mandate and to the continuation of policy
Co-existence of various types of agriculture
・Multifunctionality, food security
Domestic agriculture reform
-Setting policy target on principle farmers
-Promoting effective utilization of farmland
-Introduction to new policy for stabilization for farm management from 2007
Contribution to development of
- Adequate Special & Differential Treatment
for Developing Countries
- Support in combination of improvement of
Market Access and Cooperation.( Japan’s
New development Initiative for Trade)
For safeguarding non-trade concern…… safeguarded?
eg) in market access:
○Sufficient coverage of sensitive/special products
← to allow the survival of sub-sectors that are
critical for the NTC
○Not adopting the concept of tariff capping
← which would ignore the difference of
tariff structure among various countries