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How can non-trade concerns in agriculture be best safeguarded?. Mr. Tetsuo USHIKUSA MAFF, Japan. 1.Overview of Japanese Agriculture. (1) The largest net food importing country with micro-sized scale farming. ●Trade of Foods - Japan, US, EU. ● Scale of Farming - Japan, US, EU.

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how can non trade concerns in agriculture be best safeguarded

How can non-trade concerns in agriculture be best safeguarded?

Mr.Tetsuo USHIKUSA

MAFF, Japan

slide2

1.Overview of Japanese Agriculture.

(1) The largest net food importing country with micro-sized scale farming

●Trade of Foods-Japan, US, EU

●Scale of Farming-Japan, US, EU

Year 2004,Unit:billion $

Date: Japan-2003, US-2002, EU-2000

*TCL; Total Cultivated Land

slide3

(2) Faced with major challenges

65 or over

(farm household)

14 or less

(total population)

Cultivated land

14 or less

(farm household)

Abandoned

land

Cultivated

land

65 or over

(total population)

1965 1970 1980 1990 2000

1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000

Abandoned

land

of which hilly and

Mountains area

slide4

2. Important Non Trade Concerns for Japan

・ Food Security

・Conservation of Land

・Fostering Water Resources

・Preservation of the National Environment

・Development of Favorable Landscapes

・Maintenance of Cultural Heritage

・Recreation/Relaxation

・Viability of Rural community

slide5

Non-trade concern

Other things

Preservation

of the National

Environment

Food

Security

Viability of Rural community

Food safety,

Animal protection, etc

Multifunctionality of Agriculture

slide6

(1)Food Security

●Continuous decline of Japan’s

Food self-sufficiency rate.

● Official opinion polls on trade of

agricultural products (July,2000)

・Perception about future food

supply in Japan

Feel

unease

Don’t feel

unease

slide7

(2) Flood Prevention and other function of Agriculture

Source: Science Council of Japan Nov.2001 Report

slide14

3.We are moving to new scheme for domestic support

(New system)

(Current system)

Measures in principle

for all farmers

Measure targeted on

principal farmers

Commodity specific price

support and payment

ex :wheat, soybeans, sugar

Non commodity specific support focused

on the overall farm management

・ Acceleration of the structural reform of agriculture

・ Response to the strengthening of WTO disciplines

slide15

4. Japan pursue in this Round, the co-existence of various

types of Agriculture to be assured, while fully committing

to the Doha mandate and to the continuation of policy

reform.

Co-existence of various types of agriculture

・Multifunctionality, food security

Domestic agriculture reform

-Setting policy target on principle farmers

-Promoting effective utilization of farmland

-Introduction to new policy for stabilization for farm management from 2007

  • Establishment of trade rules that have a good
  • balance between agricultural exporting
  • and importing countries
  • Realistic trade- rules which allow continuation
  • of domestic agricultural reform process
  • Balance of disciplines among Market Access,
  • Domestic Support and Exports

Contribution to development of

developing countries

- Adequate Special & Differential Treatment

for Developing Countries

- Support in combination of improvement of

Market Access and Cooperation.( Japan’s

New development Initiative for Trade)

slide16

For safeguarding non-trade concern……

eg) in market access:

○Sufficient coverage of sensitive/special products

← to allow the survival of sub-sectors that are

critical for the NTC

○Not adopting the concept of tariff capping

← which would ignore the difference of

tariff structure among various countries

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