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NEWBORN NUTRITION. Food and Nutrition through the Lifespan By Rhonda Barlow-Chatham county For:. Objectives. The purpose of this presentation is to: Discuss the varied types of infant formula Discuss the preparation steps for infant formula

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newborn nutrition

NEWBORN NUTRITION

Food and Nutrition through the Lifespan

By Rhonda Barlow-Chatham county

For:

objectives
Objectives

The purpose of this presentation is to:

  • Discuss the varied types of infant formula
  • Discuss the preparation steps for infant formula
  • Discuss safety hazards involved in preparing infant formula.
what is formula
What is Formula?
  • Formula
    • Commercially manufactured milk product
    • Designed to support infant growth
  • Types
    • Cow Milk
    • Soy-based
    • Protein hydrolysate
why use formula
Why Use Formula?
  • When breastfeeding an infant is not possible or desired
  • If supplemental feeding is desired in addition to breastfeeding
cow s milk formulas
Cow’s Milk Formulas
  • Most used and best tolerated
  • Cow’s milk is altered to resemble human milk
  • Cow’s milk protein allergies are possible
soy based formulas
Soy-Based Formulas
  • Possible cow’s milk allergy alternative
  • Vegan infants
  • Cow’s milk allergies = soy milk allergies
protein hydrolysate formulas
Protein Hydrolysate Formulas
  • Hypoallergenic formulas
  • Family history of milk/soy allergies
  • Cow’s milk pre-digested
  • Easier to digest
  • Allergic reaction less likely
other specialized formulas
Other Specialized Formulas
  • Premature infants/babies
  • Infants/babies with specific medical conditions
why not regular cow s milk
Why Not Regular Cow’s Milk?
  • Cow’s milk have too many nutrients for humans
  • Cow’s milk = iron deficiency
  • Commercial formulas = known needed nutrients
  • Infants need iron to grow and develop
types of formula preparations
Types of Formula Preparations
  • Powdered
    • Least expensive
    • 1 scoop powdered/2 oz. water
  • Concentrated liquid
    • Most popular
    • 1 ounce formula/1 ounce water
  • Ready-to-feed
    • Water not needed
    • Most convenient
    • Most sterile for of infant formula
    • Most expensive
generic vs brand name
Generic vs. Brand-Name
  • All infant formula = same nutrient density
  • Formula Standards
    • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Raw ingredients may vary
dha and ara
DHA and ARA
  • Fatty acids / lipids
  • Naturally passed from mom to infant in pregnancy
  • Naturally occurring in breastmilk
  • Development of infant’s eyesight and brain
  • DHA = Docosahexaenoic acid
  • ARA = Arachidonic Acid
  • Long term benefits unknown
probiotics
Probiotics
  • Promote healthy bacteria growth
  • Mimic immune benefits of breast milk
  • Long term benefits unknown
levels of dha and ara
Levels of DHA and ARA

All infant formulas sold in the United States use the same source of

DHA & ARA.

The only difference among formula brands is the amount of DHA & ARA.

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