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NEWBORN NUTRITION. Food and Nutrition through the Lifespan By Rhonda Barlow-Chatham county For:. Objectives. The purpose of this presentation is to: Discuss the varied types of infant formula Discuss the preparation steps for infant formula

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Newborn nutrition

NEWBORN NUTRITION

Food and Nutrition through the Lifespan

By Rhonda Barlow-Chatham county

For:


Objectives
Objectives

The purpose of this presentation is to:

  • Discuss the varied types of infant formula

  • Discuss the preparation steps for infant formula

  • Discuss safety hazards involved in preparing infant formula.


What is formula
What is Formula?

  • Formula

    • Commercially manufactured milk product

    • Designed to support infant growth

  • Types

    • Cow Milk

    • Soy-based

    • Protein hydrolysate


Why use formula
Why Use Formula?

  • When breastfeeding an infant is not possible or desired

  • If supplemental feeding is desired in addition to breastfeeding


Cow s milk formulas
Cow’s Milk Formulas

  • Most used and best tolerated

  • Cow’s milk is altered to resemble human milk

  • Cow’s milk protein allergies are possible


Soy based formulas
Soy-Based Formulas

  • Possible cow’s milk allergy alternative

  • Vegan infants

  • Cow’s milk allergies = soy milk allergies


Protein hydrolysate formulas
Protein Hydrolysate Formulas

  • Hypoallergenic formulas

  • Family history of milk/soy allergies

  • Cow’s milk pre-digested

  • Easier to digest

  • Allergic reaction less likely


Other specialized formulas
Other Specialized Formulas

  • Premature infants/babies

  • Infants/babies with specific medical conditions


Why not regular cow s milk
Why Not Regular Cow’s Milk?

  • Cow’s milk have too many nutrients for humans

  • Cow’s milk = iron deficiency

  • Commercial formulas = known needed nutrients

  • Infants need iron to grow and develop


Types of formula preparations
Types of Formula Preparations

  • Powdered

    • Least expensive

    • 1 scoop powdered/2 oz. water

  • Concentrated liquid

    • Most popular

    • 1 ounce formula/1 ounce water

  • Ready-to-feed

    • Water not needed

    • Most convenient

    • Most sterile for of infant formula

    • Most expensive


Generic vs brand name
Generic vs. Brand-Name

  • All infant formula = same nutrient density

  • Formula Standards

    • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

  • Raw ingredients may vary


Dha and ara
DHA and ARA

  • Fatty acids / lipids

  • Naturally passed from mom to infant in pregnancy

  • Naturally occurring in breastmilk

  • Development of infant’s eyesight and brain

  • DHA = Docosahexaenoic acid

  • ARA = Arachidonic Acid

  • Long term benefits unknown


Probiotics
Probiotics

  • Promote healthy bacteria growth

  • Mimic immune benefits of breast milk

  • Long term benefits unknown


Levels of dha and ara
Levels of DHA and ARA

All infant formulas sold in the United States use the same source of

DHA & ARA.

The only difference among formula brands is the amount of DHA & ARA.


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