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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST (Part 5). Matt. 28:18-20. [By Ron Halbrook ]. THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST. Introduction: 1. Matt. 28:18-20 Christ proclaimed his authority: we must submit to receive salvation. THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST. Matt. 28:18-20

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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST (Part 5)

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The authority of christ part 5

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST(Part 5)

Matt. 28:18-20

[By Ron Halbrook]


The authority of christ

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Introduction:

1. Matt. 28:18-20 Christ proclaimed his authority: we must submit to receive salvation


The authority of christ1

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Matt. 28:18-20

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


The authority of christ2

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Introduction:

2. To understand & apply the authority of Christ:

I. Authority of Christ Expressed in Scripture

II. Authority of Christ as Savior

III. Authority of Christ in Local Church

IV. Gradual Departures from the Authority of Christ

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ


The authority of christ3

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • Popes exercise political power; church full of ignorance, greed, & immorality


The authority of christ4

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • Indulgence: transfer merits of Christ, Mary, & saints—remit penalties for sin on earth & in purgatory

    • For the living & the dead

    • Granted if visit saints’ relics, pay


The authority of christ part 5

  • Indulgence: transfer merits of Christ, Mary, & saints—remit penalties on earth, in purgatory

    • Pope Leo X offered plenary indulgence (total pardon) to raise money for St. Peter’s Basilica in 1517

    • Johann Tetzel in Germany: “As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, The soul from purgatory springs”


The authority of christ part 5

  • Indulgence: transfer merits of Christ, Mary, & saints—remit penalties on earth, in purgatory

    • Inexpensive indulgence 10 days: “In the authority of all the saints… I absolve thee from all sins… & remit all punishment for ten days”

    • More expensive: 1,902,202 years


The authority of christ5

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • In Germany in 1517 Martin Luther wrote 95 theses for debate, challenged Pope’s authority, & was declared an outlaw


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • Bible translated into common languages

    • John Wycliffe, “morning star” of reform: complete English Bible 1382


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • Bible translated into common languages

    • Gutenberg printed Latin Bible 1455


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

A. Catholic Corruption Sparked Reforms in 1400’s-1500’s

  • Bible translated into common languages

    • Luther: N.T. 1520, complete Bible 1534


The authority of christ part 5

Pope Leo X

  • Bible translated into common languages

    • William Tyndale: “if God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that driveth a plough shall know more of the Scriptures than he [the Pope] did” (1521)


The authority of christ part 5

  • Bible translated into common languages

    • King James I: Commission scholars 1604, 47 men begin 1607, Authorized Version or KJV published 1611 (N.T. 90% Tyndale’s 1534)


The authority of christ6

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching

  • In Germany Martin Luther a priest wrote 95 theses for debate in 1517, excommunicated 1520-21; Philip Melanchthon wrote Augsburg Confession 1530; origin of Lutheran Church


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching

  • In Switzerland Ulrich Zwingli a priest left Catholicism in Zurich 1522-25; origin of Reformed & Presbyterian Churches


The authority of christ8

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching

  • In France John Calvin studied priesthood & law; Institutes of the Christian Religion 1536; led Geneva, Swizlerland; origin of Reformed & Presbyterian Churches


The authority of christ9

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching

  • In England King Henry VIII declared “Defender of the Faith” by Pope Leo X for opposing Luther; Henry made the Church of England independent in 1534 to secure marriage to Anne Boleyn


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

B. Efforts to Reform Catholicism, Return to New Testament Teaching

  • In Europe Anabaptist movements: reform ferment by lower classes; Menno Simons priest in Netherlands, immersed 1536; Grebel, Hutter, Hoffman, Hut, etc.; origin of Mennonites, Amish, & Church of the Brethren; Baptists from John Smyth in Holland 1607


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

C. Reformers Severely Persecuted by Catholicism, Wars Fought

  • Reformers protest persecution: Protestant Reformation

  • Declared outlaws, arrested, tortured, Bibles burned, executed

  • Great struggle seeking to find & follow the authority of Christ


The authority of christ part 5

1 Peter 4:11

11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority

  • Struggle to clarify restoration principle of 1 Pet. 4:11


The authority of christ part 5

RESTORATION PRINCIPLE

(1 Peter 4:11)

VS

R.H. Bainton, The Church of Our Fathers, pp. 143-144


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority

  • Luther’s looser view prevailed

  • Denominations multiplied


Denominations

DENOMINATIONS


The authority of christ13

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

D. Reformers Struggle with How to Apply Bible Authority

  • Denominations multiplied

    • David Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia (2001): 33,000

    • World Christian Database (Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary) track 9,000 denominations Jan. 2008


The authority of christ14

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 22:18-19


The authority of christ part 5

Rev. 22:18-19

18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:

19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 22:18-19


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Additions to Bible Authority Rev. 22:18-19

    • Human creeds

    • Headquarters, hierarchy, councils, officers

    • New revelations

    • Illumination of the Holy Spirit


The authority of christ16

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Ja. 2:24

24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Salvation by faith only Ja. 2:24


The authority of christ17

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Salvation by faith only Ja. 2:24

    • Baptism not essential

    • Allow departures from Bible pattern: work, worship, & organization of church

    • Ungodly living not affect salvation


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Rom. 1:16

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Direct operation of Holy Spirit Rom. 1:16


The authority of christ19

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

E. Basic Doctrines of Denominations Prevent True Restoration

  • Direct operation of Holy Spirit Rom. 1:16

    • Declare the word dead, cold, powerless

    • Claim power for salvation, 2nd work of grace

    • Claim miracles today

    • Claim new revelations, illuminations, miraculous guidance

    • Deny all-sufficient power of original gospel!


The authority of christ20

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to original gospel of Christ 1790-1850

  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 4:11


The authority of christ part 5

1 Peter 4:11

11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 4:11


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to original gospel of Christ 1790-1850

  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 4:11

    • Speak where the Bible speaks: Bible authority for all we preach & practice

    • Be silent where the Bible is silent: silence of Scripture prohibits


The authority of christ22

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Many seek remedy for denominationalism, return to original gospel of Christ 1790-1850

  • Speak as oracles of God 1 Pet. 4:11

    • Give Book, chapter, & verse

    • Call Bible things by Bible names, do Bible things in Bible ways


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Jer. 6:16

16 Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Ask for the old paths Jer. 6:16


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Rom. 4:3

3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • What saith the Scriptures? Rom. 4:3


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Eph. 1:22-23

22 And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

23 Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Christ only head of church Eph. 1:22-23


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

2 Tim. 3:16-17

16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Bible only as our guide 2 Tim. 3:16-17


The authority of christ27

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

2 Tim. 1:13

13 Hold fast the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me, in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • New Testament pattern of faith & practice in all things 2 Tim. 1:13


The authority of christ28

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Acts 11:26

26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Christians only Acts 11:26


The authority of christ29

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

F. Restoration Plea: Return to the Authority of Christ by Return to His Original Teaching

  • Early efforts in Europe & British Isles in 1700s-early 1800s: Robert Sandeman, Robert Haldane, J.A. Haldane (Social Worship, 1805)

  • Fruitful efforts in U.S.: New England, middle colonies, early western frontier, southern states


The authority of christ30

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Middle states: James O’Kelley & Rice Haggard leave Methodist 1793-1801

    • Christ only head, Christian only name, Bible only creed


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • New England: Elias Smith leave Baptist 1802-1803

    • Christian’s Journal (1805), Herald of Gospel Liberty (1808)


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Kentucky frontier: Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803


The authority of christ part 5

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Kentucky frontier: Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803

    • 1801 Great Revival at Cane Ridge, KY audience 10,000-20,000; weaken Calvinism


The authority of christ part 5

  • Kentucky frontier: Barton W. Stone leaves Presbyterian 1803

    • 1804 Last Will & Testament of the Springfield Presbytery: “take the Bible as the only sure guide to heaven”

    • John Smith at Lexington, KY unity meeting Dec. 25, 1831-Jan. 1, 1832: “Let us…be no longer Campbellites or Stoneites, New Lights or Old Lights, or any other kind of lights, but let us come to the Bible and the Bible alone, as the only book in the world that can give us all the light we need.”


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Pennsylvania: Thomas & Alexander Campbell plead for restoration


The authority of christ33

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Pennsylvania: Thomas & Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

    • 1808 leave Presbyterian, work with Baptists

    • 1808 T. Campbell: “Where the Bible speaks, we speak; where the Bible is silent, we are silent.” If infant baptism “not found in the Scriptures, we can have nothing to do with it”


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Penn. & Vir.: Thomas & Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

    • 1809 Declaration & Address: the Church of Christ will resume its “original unity, peace, & purity” if we “adopt the practice of the primitive Church, expressly exhibited in the New Testament”


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Penn. & Vir.: Thomas & Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

    • Brush Run Church, Washington County, PA formed 1810, later join Baptist association

    • June 12, 1812 Campbells immersed into Christ not Baptist Church


The authority of christ part 5

  • Distinguished Old & New Covenants

    • “How few among the teachers of the New Testament seem to know that Christ’s ministers are not able ministers of the Old Testament, but of the New! Do they not…run to Moses to prove forms of worship, ordinances, discipline, and government in the Christian Church, when asked to account for their practices?” (Alexander letter 1812)

    • “Sermon on The Law” (1816 Redstone Baptist Association)


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Penn. & Vir.: Thomas & Alexander Campbell plead for restoration

    • Gospel spread via journals & debates

    • 1830 dissolve Mahoning Baptist Association

    • Great harvest as thousands converted, but opposed as cult, “Campbellites,” etc.


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Western Reserve (Ohio): Walter Scott left Presbyterian, baptized 1819 in Pittsburg, PA

    • Five finger exercise: faith, repentance, baptism, remission of sins, gift of Holy Spirit


The authority of christ part 5

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

G. Restoration Plea Spread Widely in America

  • Southern states (Georgia): Christian Herman Dasher left Lutheran, baptized 1819

    • Dasher & S.C. Dunning (former Baptist) in Savannah baptized each other


The authority of christ36

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • The Great Commission Matt. 28:18-20


The authority of christ37

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Matt. 28:18-20

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


The authority of christ38

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • The Great Commission Matt. 28:18-20

    • Facts to believe: death, burial, & resurrection of Christ

    • Commands to obey: believe, repent, confess Christ, be immersed in water

    • Promises to embrace: remission of sins, hope of eternal life


The authority of christ39

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • Work of the Church Matt. 28:18-20

    • Preach the gospel 1 Tim. 3:15

    • Worship God, edify saints 1 Cor. 14:26

    • Benevolence to needy saints Acts 6:1


The authority of christ40

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • Worship of the Church Matt. 28:18-20

    • 1st Day of the week: Lord’s Supper Acts 20:7

    • 1st Day of the week: Give 1 Cor. 16:2

    • Pray Acts 2:42

    • Teach Acts 2:42

    • Sing Eph. 5:19


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • Organization of the Church Matt. 28:18-20

    • Leadership: Elders (Presbyters), Pastors (Shepherds), Bishops (Overseers) Acts 14:23; 20:17, 28

    • Deacons serve Acts 6:2-3


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THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • Organization of the Church Matt. 28:18-20

    • Evangelists (Preachers) & Teachers Instruct Eph. 4:11

    • All Saints Participate in Work & Worship Phil. 1:1

    • Women Not Exercise Lead Over Men1 Tim. 2:12


The authority of christ43

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

V. Gradual Return to the Authority of Christ

H. Restoration Plea Put into Practice

  • Organization of the Church Matt. 28:18-20

    • Each Local Church Independent, Autonomous (No “Mother” or “Satellite” Church) Acts 14:23

    • No Earthly Headquarters, No Central or Universal Organization


The authority of christ44

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Invitation:

1. Matt. 28:18-20 Christ proclaimed his authority: we must submit to receive salvation


The authority of christ45

THE AUTHORITY OF CHRIST

Matt. 28:18-20

18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.

19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.


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