Preventing binge drinking in job corps
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Preventing Binge Drinking in Job Corps. A Growing Problem April 5, 2012. Objectives. Identify binge drinking Identify why teens binge drink Recognize the dangers and risks of binge drinking Describe the importance of getting assistance with binge drinking

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Preventing binge drinking in job corps

Preventing Binge Drinking in Job Corps

A Growing Problem

April 5, 2012


Objectives

Objectives

  • Identify binge drinking

  • Identify why teens binge drink

  • Recognize the dangers and risks of binge drinking

  • Describe the importance of getting assistance with binge drinking

  • Discuss methods to prevent binge drinking


How do we define binge drinking

How Do We Define Binge Drinking?

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol over a short period of time.

  • Rule of thumb:

    • Females: 4 or more drinks

    • Males: 5 or more drinks


A drink means

A drink means…

  • 12 oz bottle of beer

  • 1.5 oz shot of 80 proof liquor

  • 5 oz glass of wine


Blood alcohol level and impairment

Blood Alcohol Level and Impairment

Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism


Preventing binge drinking in job corps

Blood Alcohol Level and Impairment


What do we know about binge drinking

What Do We Know About Binge Drinking?

  • Two in three underage students report drinking within the past thirty days.

  • Most underage binge drinkers began to drink at an early age.

  • 25% of all high school-aged students binge drinkers began drinking in middle school.


More facts

More Facts

  • Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports about 90% of the alcohol consumed by youth under the age of 21 in the US, is in the form of binge drinking.

  • According to the US DHHS, studies show more than 35% of adults with an alcohol problem developed symptoms such as binge drinking by age 19.

  • Heavy binge drinking is 3 or more episodes within two weeks.


More facts1

More Facts

Underage drinking is especially dangerous because it is both illegal and often involves consumption in quantities and settings which lead to serious immediate and long-term consequences.


Common myths have you heard this one

Common MythsHave you heard this one?

  • I can still be in control if I drink

  • Drinking isn’t all that dangerous

  • I can sober up quickly if I have to

  • It is okay for me to drink to keep up with my boyfriend

  • I drive well enough after a few drinks

  • Beer doesn’t affect me as much as hard liquor

  • I drive better drunk

    **Makes sense given developmental stage


Why do teens binge drink

Why Do Teens Binge Drink?

  • Peer Pressure

  • Curiosity

  • Escape their present life and stress

  • Thinks it feels good

  • Feel older

  • Boredom


Risks associated

Risks Associated

  • Poor grades - many more times likely to miss class/poor sleep patterns

  • Drunk driving

  • Unsafe sex/STDs

  • Death

  • Unintentional/intentional injury

  • It is estimated at least half of all violent crimes involve alcohol consumption.  The numbers may even be greater for sexual assaults.

  • Abbey, A., Tazacki,T., Buck, M.A. (2001). Alcohol and Sexual Assault. Alcohol Health and Research World. 25(1).

  • The National Center for Victims of Crime. Gangs in America. Retrieved from: http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32352


Risks associated1

Risks Associated

  • Dependence

  • FASD

  • Unintended pregnancy

  • Liver disease

  • Neurological problems

  • Heart disease, HBP, Type-2 diabetes, and Stroke

  • Attention/memory problems

  • Brain issues (thinning of the pre-frontal cortex) controls, brain development, processing emotions, impulse control, and irrational behavior


But what is gravest risk

But What is Gravest Risk?

Alcohol Poisoning

Most life threatening consequence

It affects involuntary reflexes (breathing and the gag reflex)

Important because…

If the gag reflex is not working means can choke on their own vomit and die


Symptoms of alcohol poisoning

Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning

  • Vomiting

  • Semi/Unconsciousness

  • Cold, clammy pale, or bluish skin

  • Slow or irregular breathing

  • Vomiting white sleeping or while unconscious

  • Extreme confusion

  • Seizures

  • Inability to be awakened


Alcopops

Alcopops?

  • A term coined by the media to describe bottled alcoholic malt beverages resembling sweet drinks such as soda and lemonade.

  • A contributing factor in underage binge drinking.


Utilize teap services

Utilize TEAP Services

  • Motivational Interviewing as one strategy as a vehicle to discuss

  • Keep issue salient – incorporate into CPP as well as initial assessment

  • Have handouts – brightly colored posters

  • Collaborate with other departments such as Recreational and Res Life


What to train possible topics

What to Train: Possible Topics


Educate about the influence of alcohol

Educate about the Influence of Alcohol

  • Alcohol impairs self-control and impulse control (meaning it makes it harder for people to stop themselves once they start a behavior)

  • It worsens communication misinterpretations (Just a few drinks is enough to produce reductions in our thinking abilities)

  • It disrupts decision-making abilities (alcohol reduces our ability to make complex decisions which produces a focus on short-term rewards and a failure to consider the long-term negative impacts of behavior)


Impact of triggers

Impact of Triggers

  • Being at a party

  • Curiosity at what it feels like to drink a lot quickly

  • A belief ‘it'll feel good’

  • Drinking games or "shots" which go on over many hours

  • Activities where drinking is the focus

  • Unassertive–can’t say No

  • Wanting to "drown" negative emotions

  • Wanting to look cool

  • Inactivity and boredom as trigger


Natural supports

Natural Supports

  • Use a friend to remind each other of limit

  • Take breaks together and drink a non-alcoholic beverage instead

  • Having at least two people willing to say no to drinking more makes it easier for people to resist social pressure

  • Train about not leaving a friend at a party (mention increased risk of sexual assault)


Amount consumed

Amount Consumed

  • Know amount of standard drink (12 oz bottle of beer; 1.5 oz shot of 80 proof liquor or 5 oz glass of wine)

  • Don’t consume more than:

    • Females—4 or more standard drinks

    • Males—5 or more standard drinks

  • Drink Slowly


Eating and drinking

Eating and Drinking

  • Without food = alcohol more rapidly absorbed

  • Salty snacks increase thirst

  • Drink water

  • Caffeine masks alcohol’s effects so discourage mixing


Educate about alcopops

Educate about AlcoPops

  • Contain lots of sugar, so taste and drink like sodas

  • Drink too much in a short time


Teach peer resistance

Teach Peer Resistance

  • Develop modules with role playing and other experiential activities to encourage students to develop ways/tactics to resist pressures


What is the peer culture on center

What is the Peer Culture on Center?


Comment questions or concerns

Comment, Questions or Concerns?


Resources

Resources

  • Http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/

  • http://www.kidshealth.org

  • http://alcoholism.aboout.com/cs/teens/a/blhbns040516.htm

  • http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/quickstarts/bingedrinking.htm

  • www.niaaa.nih.gov


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