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Earthquakes Volcanoes Tsunamis. Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically). Far fewer mountain ranges-less snowboarding!! Far fewer large sedimentary basins A mere fraction of the hydrocarbons that we enjoy today!!!. Without Plate Tectonics. Worldwide Rate of Oil Consumption.

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Earth is alive at least geologically

Earthquakes

Volcanoes

Tsunamis

Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically)


Without plate tectonics

Far fewer mountain ranges-less snowboarding!!

Far fewer large sedimentary basins

A mere fraction of the hydrocarbons that we enjoy today!!!

Without Plate Tectonics


Worldwide rate of oil consumption

Worldwide Rate of Oil Consumption

Worldwide current consumption rate is about 85 million barrels per day

At this rate there are only about 30 years left using petroleum

This does not factor in growing countries like China or India


Us rate of consumption

US Rate of Consumption

Current consumption rate is about 20 million barrels per day +/- (remember 85 million is worldwide)

We import more than 60% of our consumption


Worldwide production and reserves
Worldwide Production and Reserves

Country Estimated Reserves 2004 Production (billion barrels)   1. Saudi Arabia 267 10.4 mb/d

  2. Russia 60 9.3 mb/d

  3. USA 21 8.7 mb/d   4. Iran 132 4.1 mb/d

  5. Mexico 13 3.8 mb/d

  6. China 18 3.6 mb/d

  7. Norway 8 3.2 mb/d

  8. Canada 179 (inc tar sands) 3.1 mb/d

  9. Venezuela 79 2.9 mb/d

  10. United Arab Emirates 98 2.8 mb/d


Largest oil fields
Largest Oil Fields

Field, CountrySize estimate

  1. Ghawar, Saudi Arabia 75-83 billion barrels

  2. Burgan, Kuwait • in decline 66-72 billion barrels

  3. Bolivar Coastal, Venezuela 30-32 billion barrels

  4. Safaniya-Khafji, Saudi Arabia/Neutral Zone 30 billion barrels

  5. Rumailia, Iraq 20 billion barrels

  6. Tengiz, Kazakhstan 15-26 billion barrels

  7. Ahwaz, Iran • in decline 17 billion barrels

  8. Kirkuk, Iraq 16 billion barrels

  9. Marun, Iran 16 billion barrels

  9a. Daqing, China • in decline 16 billion barrels

  10. Gachsaran, Iran 15 billion barrels


Us largest fields all in severe decline
US Largest FieldsAll in Severe Decline

Field, StateCumulative Production + Est. Reserves

1. Prudhoe Bay, Alaska 13+ billion barrels

  2. East Texas 5.1-6.0 billion barrels

  3. Wilmington, California 2.8 billion barrels

   4. Midway-Sunset, California 2.8 billion barrels

5. Kuparuk River, Alaska 2.6 billion barrels

   6. Thunder Horse, Gulf of Mexico 2.0 billion barrels

  7. Kern River, California 1.95 billion barrels

8. Yates, West Texas 1.95 billion barrels

   9. Belridge South, California 1.9 billion barrels

   10. Wasson, West Texas 1.8 billion barrels



Us rate of consumption1

US Rate of Consumption

Current consumption rate is about 20 million barrels per day (remember 85 million is worldwide)

We import more than 60% of our consumption



Nonrenewable replacements for petroleum hydrocarbons
Nonrenewable Replacements for Petroleum Hydrocarbons

  • Oil Shale in Western US (1 Trillion Barrels-110 years for USA-in USA)

  • Tar Sands Canada (175 Billion Barrels)

  • Natural Gas (Large Reserves-4 years if switched)


Renewable replacements for petroleum hydrocarbons
Renewable Replacements for Petroleum Hydrocarbons

  • Solar

  • Wind

  • Hydroelectric

  • Geothermal

  • Biomass Ex: Ethanol (Brazil is self sufficient), Biodiesel

  • Fuel Cell Technology (Developing)

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  • Improved efficiency-hybrid cars etc.

  • Conservation



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