Earth is alive at least geologically
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 57 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Earthquakes Volcanoes Tsunamis. Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically). Far fewer mountain ranges-less snowboarding!! Far fewer large sedimentary basins A mere fraction of the hydrocarbons that we enjoy today!!!. Without Plate Tectonics. Worldwide Rate of Oil Consumption.

Download Presentation

Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Earth is alive at least geologically

Earthquakes

Volcanoes

Tsunamis

Earth is Alive! (At Least Geologically)


Without plate tectonics

Far fewer mountain ranges-less snowboarding!!

Far fewer large sedimentary basins

A mere fraction of the hydrocarbons that we enjoy today!!!

Without Plate Tectonics


Worldwide rate of oil consumption

Worldwide Rate of Oil Consumption

Worldwide current consumption rate is about 85 million barrels per day

At this rate there are only about 30 years left using petroleum

This does not factor in growing countries like China or India


Us rate of consumption

US Rate of Consumption

Current consumption rate is about 20 million barrels per day +/- (remember 85 million is worldwide)

We import more than 60% of our consumption


Worldwide production and reserves

Worldwide Production and Reserves

CountryEstimated Reserves2004 Production(billion barrels)   1. Saudi Arabia267 10.4 mb/d

  2. Russia609.3 mb/d

  3. USA218.7 mb/d   4. Iran1324.1 mb/d

  5. Mexico133.8 mb/d

  6. China183.6 mb/d

  7. Norway83.2 mb/d

  8. Canada179 (inc tar sands)3.1 mb/d

  9. Venezuela792.9 mb/d

  10. United Arab Emirates982.8 mb/d


Largest oil fields

Largest Oil Fields

Field, CountrySize estimate

  1. Ghawar, Saudi Arabia 75-83 billion barrels

  2. Burgan, Kuwait • in decline66-72 billion barrels

  3. Bolivar Coastal, Venezuela30-32 billion barrels

  4. Safaniya-Khafji, Saudi Arabia/Neutral Zone30 billion barrels

  5. Rumailia, Iraq20 billion barrels

  6. Tengiz, Kazakhstan 15-26 billion barrels

  7. Ahwaz, Iran • in decline17 billion barrels

  8. Kirkuk, Iraq16 billion barrels

  9. Marun, Iran16 billion barrels

  9a. Daqing, China • in decline16 billion barrels

  10. Gachsaran, Iran15 billion barrels


Us largest fields all in severe decline

US Largest FieldsAll in Severe Decline

Field, StateCumulative Production+ Est. Reserves

1. Prudhoe Bay, Alaska13+ billion barrels

 2. East Texas5.1-6.0 billion barrels

 3. Wilmington, California2.8 billion barrels

  4. Midway-Sunset, California2.8 billion barrels

5. Kuparuk River, Alaska2.6 billion barrels

  6. Thunder Horse, Gulf of Mexico2.0 billion barrels

 7. Kern River, California1.95 billion barrels

8. Yates, West Texas1.95 billion barrels

  9. Belridge South, California1.9 billion barrels

  10. Wasson, West Texas1.8 billion barrels


Production peak by country

Production peak by country


Us rate of consumption1

US Rate of Consumption

Current consumption rate is about 20 million barrels per day (remember 85 million is worldwide)

We import more than 60% of our consumption


Us consumption production and imports

US Consumption, Production and Imports


Nonrenewable replacements for petroleum hydrocarbons

Nonrenewable Replacements for Petroleum Hydrocarbons

  • Oil Shale in Western US (1 Trillion Barrels-110 years for USA-in USA)

  • Tar Sands Canada (175 Billion Barrels)

  • Natural Gas (Large Reserves-4 years if switched)


Renewable replacements for petroleum hydrocarbons

Renewable Replacements for Petroleum Hydrocarbons

  • Solar

  • Wind

  • Hydroelectric

  • Geothermal

  • Biomass Ex: Ethanol (Brazil is self sufficient), Biodiesel

  • Fuel Cell Technology (Developing)

    ======================================

  • Improved efficiency-hybrid cars etc.

  • Conservation


Us consumption production and imports1

US Consumption, Production and Imports


  • Login