Second Chances:  Housing and Services for Re-entering Prisoners
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Second Chances: Housing and Services for Re-entering Prisoners National Alliance to End Homelessness Annual Conference - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Second Chances: Housing and Services for Re-entering Prisoners National Alliance to End Homelessness Annual Conference. Nikki Delgado Program Manager Corporation for Supportive Housing July 10, 2007

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Second Chances: Housing and Services for Re-entering PrisonersNational Alliance to End Homelessness Annual Conference

Nikki Delgado

Program ManagerCorporation for Supportive HousingJuly 10,

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Our Mission PrisonersCSH helps communities create permanent housing with services to prevent and end homelessness.

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What Is Supportive Housing? PrisonersA cost-effective combination of permanent, affordable housing with services that helps people live more stable, productive lives.

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Ohio Prison Statistics Prisoners

  • As of June 2007

    • 49,199 people incarcerated

  • 2006 Releases

    • 28,448

    • 13,904 released without supervision requirements

  • 2006 Returns

    • 2,153 for parole/post release control violations

  • 2006 Admissions

    • 28,714

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Housing Alternatives for Offenders Prisoners

  • Halfway House (early 1970’s)

    • provide supervision and treatment services

      • released from state prisons, referred by Courts of Common Pleas, or sanctioned because of a violation of conditions of supervision

      • provide services such as drug and alcohol treatment, electronic monitoring, job placement, educational programs, and specialized programs for sex offenders and mentally ill offenders

  • Independent Housing (2004)

    • provide housing, some limited monitoring of residents, case management and community referrals for services

    • offenders with no viable home placement options

    • stabilized and have moderate to low programming needs

    • voluntary

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Halfway House Prisoners

  • Three classifications

    • Level I – Transitional

      • Includes assessment, case planning and management, and referral and monitoring of program compliance.

      • Offender transferred to nonresidential supervision as soon as possible.

    • Level II – Intensive

      • Includes education advancement, life skills, employment readiness and placement and substance abuse treatment

    • Level III - Intensive Residential Treatment

      • receives intensive residential treatment within a long-term therapeutic environment

      • provides clinical services for treatment of serious mental illness

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Independent Housing Prisoners

  • University of Cincinnati study

    • Offenders with low risk to re-offend don’t benefit from residential treatment

    • Tend to recidivize @ higher rates

  • Housing option for low risk/low need offenders on supervision

  • 90-day program

  • Expected outcomes

    • Place to live

    • Steady income

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Why Supportive Housing Prisoners

  • In 2002, ODRC produced its Ohio Plan for Productive Offender and Reentry and Recidivism Reduction.

    • Developing a seamless and successful transition of offenders from prison to the community

    • Enhancing public safety

    • Equipping offenders with marketable skills thereby enabling them to be productively employed and contributing members of their community

    • Provide offenders with effective life coping skills for successfully transitioning to the community

    • Reduce victimization

    • Reduce recidivism

  • Create supportive housing for ex-offenders as part of an overall re-entry strategy to assist the ODRC in its stated goals:

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Why Supportive Housing – cont’d Prisoners

  • 175 offenders with mental illness were released into homelessness over a 9-month period in 2004.

  • Approximately 520 additional offenders under post release control have been identified through ODRC’s Residential Placement program as being released without a placement plan.

  • Pilot with ODRC and Ohio Department of Mental Health for seriously mentally ill

    • Short term

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Permanent Supportive Housing Prisoners

  • Returning Home – Ohio Supportive Housing Pilot

    • Collaboration between the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction and Corporation for Supportive Housing

      • Office of Parole and Community Services

        • Bureau of Community Sanctions

      • Office of Policy and Offender Reentry

    • serve offenders being released from Ohio’s correctional institutions.

    • aims to prevent homelessness and reduce recidivism

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Target Population Prisoners

  • Identified as chronically homeless or likely to become homeless

  • Priority to offenders identified as being most likely to require supportive services

    • severely mentally ill

    • developmentally disabled

    • severely addicted

    • aged

    • have custody of minor children

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Current Status Prisoners

  • The program became operational in March 2007.

  • Nine providers have agreed to participate (3 in Columbus, Cincinnati, Dayton, 2 in Toledo, 2 in Cleveland)

  • 21 individuals have been identified by ODRC and are in the process being assessed by the providers.

  • Five people have been housed since mid-March

  • 1 person abandoned housing within a week

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Challenges Prisoners

  • Department of Rehabilitation and Correction is large and fragmented

  • Identifying single person within institution for referrals

  • Educating institution staff

  • Identifying providers in community

  • Identifying viable housing options

  • Public education process