Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall
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ISU Atmospheric Component Update – Part I 3 rd RASM Workshop 2012 Fall. Justin Glisan Iowa State University. Update. Spectral nudging paper accepted by J. Clim . Research funded through original DOE RACM grant Co-authors: W.J. Gutowski, J.J Cassano, & M.E. Higgins

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ISU Atmospheric Component Update – Part I 3 rd RASM Workshop 2012 Fall

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Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

ISU Atmospheric Component Update – Part I3rd RASM Workshop 2012 Fall

Justin Glisan

Iowa State University


Update

Update

  • Spectral nudging paper accepted by J. Clim.

    • Research funded through original DOE RACM grant

    • Co-authors: W.J. Gutowski, J.J Cassano, & M.E. Higgins

  • Remaining two papers will be submitted to JGR

  • Postdoctoral SOMs research


J clim paper background

J.Clim. Paper Background

  • Long and short PAW simulations were run on the RACM domain

  • A systematic, atmosphere-deep circulation bias formed within the northern Pacific storm track

  • Various remedies tested, but with little success

  • Spectral or interior nudging was introduced


J clim paper conclusions

J. Clim. Paper Conclusions

  • Winter behavior more sensitive to nudging

  • Improve Cold Season Mean and Extreme Behavior

    • Stronger SN for precipitation

    • Weaker SN for surface temperatures

  • Improve Warm Season Mean and Extreme Behavior

    • Weaker SN for precipitation

    • Stronger SN for surface temperatures

    • Optimal range for pan-Arctic simulations:

    • 1/8th– 1/16th the WRF default


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    ISU Atmospheric Component

    Update – Part II

    3rd RASM Workshop 2012 Fall

    Brandon J. Fisel

    Iowa State University

    Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences

    Tucson, AZ 13-15 November


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    overview

    • Leap day in RASM

      • Solved!

      • WRF BC’s file name bug

    • ISU plans

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    rasm leap day

    • Possible shift in WRF calendar?

    • Compared lagged ERA-Interim (-48, -24, +24 hrs) with RASM (bad leap, non-spectral, no Feb. 29).

      • e.g., -48 hr lag -> ERA-Interim:1992-Feb-28-00 UTC – RASM:1992-Mar-01-00 UTC.

    • Nothing suggestive of a WRF calendar problem (boundary discontinuities continue through simulation).

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    r31RBa2 (-48 hrs)

    r31RBa2 (-24 hrs)

    r31RBa2 (+24 hrs)


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    rasm leap day

    • LBC tendencies are computed on-the-fly in real.exe (share/module_bc -> stuff_bdytend subroutine).

    • Modifications made to met_em files.

    • 2 methods:

      • 1) blend (Seefeldt)

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    Method 1:

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-28_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_00:00:00.ncmet_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_06:00:00.nc

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-29_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc met_em.d01.1992-02-29_12:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_18:00:00.nc met_em.d01.1992-03-01_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-29_00:00:00.nc

    • February 29 06, 12 and 18 UTC times left alone because those times are not important to RASM and will be removed from wrfbdy and wrffdda files after real.exe is completed.


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    rasm leap day

    • LBC tendencies are computed on-the-fly in real.exe (share/module_bc -> stuff_bdytend subroutine).

    • Modifications made to met_em files.

    • 2 methods:

      • 1) blend (Seefeldt)

      • 2) time-stagger

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    Method 1:

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-28_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_00:00:00.ncmet_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_06:00:00.nc

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-29_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc met_em.d01.1992-02-29_12:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_18:00:00.nc met_em.d01.1992-03-01_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-29_00:00:00.nc

    • Method 2:

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_12:00:00.nc

    • met_em.d01.1992-02-28_18:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-28_18:00:00.nc

    • met_em.d01.1992-03-01_00:00:00.nc -> met_em.d01.1992-02-29_00:00:00.nc

    • February 29 06, 12 and 18 UTC times left alone because those times are not important to RASM and will be removed from wrfbdy and wrffdda files after real.exe is completed.

    • After modification of met_em files, real.exe is run like usual. Following generation of wrfbdy and wrffdda files, February 29 is removed from files.

    • Scripts available on Garnet to make modifications to met_em and BC files.


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    r30RB1g

    r31RBa31 (method 1)

    r31RBa32 (method 2)

    r31RBa31-r31RBa32


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    rasm leap day

    • LBC tendencies are computed on-the-fly in real.exe (share/module_bc -> stuff_bdytend subroutine).

    • Modifications made to met_em files.

    • 2 methods:

      • 1) blend (Seefeldt)

      • 2) time-stagger

        • both methods produced similar results; method 2 more simple

    • New files ready for use in RASM.

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    wrfbc name bug

    • Namelist setting allows user to specify a different name for BC files.

    • Bug – name overwritten to the default value (WRF v. 3.2 – 3.4.1).

      • issue with new leap-day BC file names

      • WRF unable to find new Feb. files

    • Mediation_integrate.F

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

           IF ( .NOT. lbc_opened ) THEN         CALL construct_filename1 ( bdyname , 'wrfbdy' , grid%id , 2 )         WRITE(message,*)'Opening: ',TRIM(bdyname)         CALL wrf_debug(100,TRIM(message))         CALL open_r_dataset ( grid%lbc_fid, TRIM(bdyname) , grid , config_flags , "DATASET=BOUNDARY", ierr )          IF ( ierr .NE. 0 ) THEN            WRITE( message, * ) 'med_latbound_in: error opening ',TRIM(bdyname), ' for reading. IERR = ',ierr            CALL WRF_ERROR_FATAL( message )          ENDIF

    CALL construct_filename2a ( bdyname , grid%bdy_inname , grid%id , 2 , " " )

           IF ( .NOT. lbc_opened ) THEN

             WRITE(message,*)'Opening: ',TRIM(bdyname)

             CALL open_r_dataset ( grid%lbc_fid, TRIM(bdyname) , grid , config_flags , "DATASET=BOUNDARY", ierr )

              IF ( ierr .NE. 0 ) THEN

                WRITE( message, * ) 'med_latbound_in: error opening ',TRIM(bdyname), ' for reading. IERR = ',ierr

                CALL WRF_ERROR_FATAL( message )

              ENDIF


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    wrfbc name bug

    • Namelist setting allows user to specify a different name for BC files.

    • Bug – name overwritten to the default value (WRF v. 3.2 – 3.4.1).

      • issue with new leap-day BC file names

      • WRF unable to find new Feb. files

    • Mediation_integrate.F

    • WRF folks will implement this fix in the next version.

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    overview

    • Leap day in RASM

    • ISU plans

      • Ongoing work

      • Key questions

      • Diagnostics

      • Observational and GCM data

      • Coupler/WRF output

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - ongoing work

    • Ongoing regimes and extremes work:

      • Expanded the analysis to 17 years (1991 – 2007) using 6-member ensemble CORDEX simulations.

    • Key questions:

      • Is there a similar breakdown in the occurrence of seasonal regime behavior?

      • Do we see more persistent regime behavior becoming the “norm” during summer in recent years when sea ice is rapidly declining?

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - questions

    • ISU research questions:

      • What effect does rapid loss in sea ice have on the energy/moisture budgets? Also in the future?

      • Current and future spatial variations in energy/moisture budgets and relation to regime behavior change for same spatial areas? What effect is there on extremes in these regions?

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - questions

    • ISU research questions (continued):

      • If sea ice continues to rapidly decline thereby also delaying the re-freezing of sea ice, allowing more heat to be released by the ocean into the atmosphere, what effect does this have on future regime behavior?

      • How will regimes change in the future? Will the change in regime behavior be regionally dependent?

      • What effect would changing regime behavior have on extremes in the future Arctic? A more extreme Arctic?

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - diagnostics

    • Diagnostics:

      • Monthly, seasonal and long-term (~20 years) energy/moisture budget computations.

      • Temporal and spatial variations on energy/moisture budget terms on interannual and decadal time scales.

      • How do modeled (RASM) versus prescribed (stand-alone WRF) SST affect regime behavior?

      • Do RASM simulations have similar regime behavior over the same time period?

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - diagnostics

    • Diagnostics (continued):

      • Sensitivity of RASM energy and moisture budgets to model resolution.

      • How does the NAO and AO affect regime behavior?

      • Influence of feedbacks in RASM versus stand-alone WRF (cice+ocn+vic+datm).

      • What is the interannual and decadal variability of the net radiation from the ocean?

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - obs data

    • Observation data:

      • ERA-Interim (BC’s)

      • Global Precipitation Climatology Project

      • GEWEX Continental Scale International Project (GAPP) Surface Radiation Budget (SRB)

      • Pathfinder high resolution surface radiative fluxes

      • Canadian Meteorological Centre daily snow depth analysis data

      • Global Snow-Water-Equivalent Depth Coefficient-of-Variation Classification

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - obs data

    • Observation data (continued):

      • Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility

      • AMSR-E/Aqua Daily 12.5 km Brightness Temperature, Sea-Ice Concentration, & Snow Depth Polar Grids

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - gcm data

    • GCM data:

      • For future RASM simulations, what GCM BC’s should be used? (e.g., ECHAM5 and HADCM3)

      • Sea ice declining faster than in GCM’s. Future sea-ice decline in RASM vs. GCM’s?

    Sea ice (brown) declining faster than GCM ensemble mean (solid black).

    Image courtesy of:

    Stroeve et al., 2007. GRL

    doi:10.1029/2007GL029703

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    isu plans - other data

    • Coupler and WRF data:

      • Instantaneous vs. average output.

      • Need instantaneous values of state variables for budget studies.

        • T, Q, U, V, ect.

    3rd RASM November 2012


    Isu atmospheric component update part i 3 rd rasm workshop 2012 fall

    summary

    • WRF leap-day issue solved.

    • WRF namelist bug submitted to wrfhelp.

    • ISU will evaluate energy/moisture budgets in RASM with focus on physical links between budgets and regimes/extremes.

    • GCM data – what GCMs?

    • Need instantaneous values for energy/moisture budget studies.

    3rd RASM November 2012


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