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5. Phrasal Units Self-study Worksheet. Indicate the category of each word in the following sentences. a) That glass suddenly broke. b) A jogger ran towards the end of the lane. c) These dead trees might block the road. a). Det. Adv. V. N. That glass suddenly broke. b). Det. N. V.

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5.Phrasal Units

Self-study Worksheet


a) That glass suddenly broke.

b) A jogger ran towards the end of the lane.

c) These dead trees might block the road.


a) sentences.

Det

Adv

V

N

That glass suddenly broke.


b) sentences.

Det

N

V

P

Det

N

P

Det

N

A jogger ran towards the end of the lane.


c) sentences.

N

Det

A

N

Infl

V

Det

These dead trees might block the road


2. sentences.Each of the following phrases consists of a specifier and a head. Draw the appropriate tree structure for each example.

a) so bad

b) this house

c) quite cheap

d) never surrender

e) those books


a sentences.)

AP

A

Deg

bad

so


b sentences.)

NP

N

Det

this

house


c sentences.)

AP

A

Deg

quite

cheap


d sentences.)

VP

V

Qual

never

surrender


e sentences.)

NP

N

Det

those

books


3. sentences.The following phrases include a head, a complement, and (in some cases) a specifier. Draw the appropriate tree structure for each example.

a) up the stairs

b) read a book

c) excited about the trip

d) in love with Lucy

e) perhaps earn the money

f) that argument with Owen


a) sentences.

PP

NP

P

Det

N

stairs

up

the


b) sentences.

VP

NP

V

Det

N

read

book

a


c) sentences.

AP

PP

NP

Det

A

P

N

the

trip

about

excited


PP sentences.

d)

NP

PP

NP

P

N

P

N

in

love

with

Lucy


e sentences.)

VP

NP

Qual

V

Det

N

perhaps

earn

the

money


f sentences.)

NP

PP

NP

Det

N

P

N

Owen

that

argument

with


6. sentences.For each of the following words two potential complement options are given. For each word, determine which option is correct.


Verbs sentences.

a. 

b. NP NP

expire

observe

a. NP

b. PPto PPabout

discuss

a. NP

b. 

clean

a. NP PPfor

b. NP NP


Nouns sentences.

b. PPwith PPabout

hammer

a. 

a. PPof PPto

success

b. PPof

a. 

argument

b. PPwith PPabout


Adjectives sentences.

b. PPof

sick

a. NP

a. PPto

b. PPabout

knowledgeable

a. PPof

small

b. 


6. sentences.Identify the phrasal units in the following phrases.

a

message

to the troops

S

H

Comp.

worked

for the party

energetically

H

Comp.

Mod.


slept sentences.

quietly

by the window

Mod.

Mod.

H

about going abroad

stubborn

Comp.

H

negotiates

the proposal

directly

with the government

H

Comp.

Mod.

Comp.


Thank you
Thank You! sentences.


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