The Why & How of IDN Generic Domain Names
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

The Why & How of IDN Generic Domain Names PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 80 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Why & How of IDN Generic Domain Names. Presented by: Chuck Gomes Date: 13 May 2010. Introduction . Personal Information VP, Policy & Compliance, VeriSign, Inc. Chair, ICANN GNSO Council Involved in Internet domain name policy work since 1996 Outline Why IDNs? IDNs are a Global Issue

Download Presentation

The Why & How of IDN Generic Domain Names

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The why how of idn generic domain names

The Why & How of IDN Generic Domain Names

Presented by: Chuck Gomes

Date: 13 May 2010


Introduction

Introduction

Personal Information

  • VP, Policy & Compliance, VeriSign, Inc.

  • Chair, ICANN GNSO Council

  • Involved in Internet domain name policy work since 1996

    Outline

  • Why IDNs?

  • IDNs are a Global Issue

  • Early IDN History

  • GNSO IDN Policy Work

  • What’s next for gTLD IDNs?


  • Why idns

    Why IDNs?

    • A better user experience

      • Over 60% of the Internet users in the world do not have English as their primary language.

        • ASCII names are hard to reproduce on keyboards and elsewhere.

        • Mixing 2nd level IDNs with ASCII TLDs is an incomplete solution.

    • Why generic IDNs?

      • Organizations & individuals that interact across multiple countries & regions can use one generic IDN name versus multiple IDN ccTLD names.

      • User demand:

        • There are nearly one million .com & .net 2nd level domain names and that is only half a solution (IDN.ASCII).

        • From the beginning .com & .net registrants wanted a full IDN.IDN name.

        • The same is true for other gTLDs.


    Idns are a global issue

    IDNs are a Global Issue

    • IDNs are not a ccNSO issue or a GNSO issue.

    • IDNs are a user issue.

      • gTLD users

      • ccTLD users

    • From the start, ICANN policy work has been handled as a cross SO issue involving both ccTLD and gTLD stakeholders.


    Early idn history

    Early IDN History

    • 2000: Introduction of 2nd level IDN domain names

      • First ccTLDs: .cn, .tw

      • First gTLD: VeriSign 2nd Level IDN Domain Name Test Bed

    • 2003:

      • IDNs in Applications (IDNA) standards for 2nd level domain names

        • RFCs 3490, 3491, 3492

      • IDN Guidelines version 1

    • 2004: Introduction of IDN 2nd level domain names in other gTLDs

      • .museum, .info


    2 nd level idn example

    2nd Level IDN Example

    батя.com

    Punycode: xn--80ab6c9b.com

    Script: Cyrillic

    English Meaning: “Dad”

    Description

    Being used by a dealership selling power tools, snowmobiles, boats, etc.


    Gnso idn policy work

    GNSO IDN Policy Work

    • IDN Working Group OUTCOMES REPORT (22 March 2007)

    • Group included members from the GNSO, the ccNSO and others.

    • Provided input into the New gTLD Policy Development Process

  • GNSO Council FINAL NEW GTLDS REPORT (8 August 2007)

    • Principle B: “Some new generic top-level domains should be internationalised domain names (IDNs) subject to the approval of IDNs being available in the root.”

    • Recommendation 2: “Strings must not be confusingly similar to an existing top-level domain or a Reserved Name.”

  • Joint IDN Working Group (ongoing)

    • GNSO & ccNSO work on IDN TLDs (variants, 1 & 2 character names)


  • Gnso input into the idn cctld processes 28 oct 07

    GNSO Input into the IDN ccTLD Processes (28 Oct 07)

    Selected Comments

    • “IDN-labeled TLDs (both cc & g) should be introduced as soon as practicable after technical requirements and tests are completed.”

    • “The user experience is one of the fundamental motivations for deployment of IDNs and should therefore be a guiding principle in implementation decisions.”

    • “Confusingly similar strings should be avoided.”

    • “Measures should be taken to limit confusion and collisions due to variants.”


    What s next for gtld idns

    What’s Next for gTLD IDNs?

    • New gTLD Draft Applicant Guidebook version 4 is expected the end of this month.

    • It is hoped that the new gTLD application process will begin early in 2011.

    • It is expected that there will be many applications for IDN gTLDs.

      • IDN versions of existing gTLDs.

      • IDN versions of new gTLDs.


    Conclusion

    Conclusion

    • The main purpose of IDN domain names is to meet user needs.

    • As we work together to implement IDNs, our primary focus should be on a good user experience.


  • Login