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History of New York State. A Brief Chronology Part 2. Source. Chronology & Documentary Handbook of the State of New York . Ellen Lloyd Trover, State Editor William F. Swindler, Series Editor Oceana Publications Dobbs Ferry, New York 1978. 1857-1863.

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history of new york state

History of New York State

A Brief Chronology

Part 2

source
Source
  • Chronology & Documentary Handbook of the State of New York.
  • Ellen Lloyd Trover, State Editor
  • William F. Swindler, Series Editor
  • Oceana Publications
  • Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • 1978
1857 1863
1857-1863
  • 1857 -- John A. King, 1st candidate of new Republican party, elected governor.
  • 1859 – Cooper Union, educational and cultural center for immigrant groups, opened.
  • 1860 – Population: 3,880,735.
  • 1861 – Matthew Vassar, NYC philanthropist, establishes women’s college at Poughkeepsie.
  • 1862 – New York sends 120 regiments to fight for the Unions during the Civil War.
  • 1863 – New York sends additional volunteers.
1863 1867
1863- 1867
  • July 11, 1863 – Widespread draft riots lasting 3 days in NYC cause approximately 100 deaths and destroyed millions of dollars worth of property before federal troops bring order.
  • 1865 – Ezra Cornell, New York philanthropist, founded Cornell University in Ithaca.
  • 1866 – Constitutional convention held, no proposals resulted.
  • 1867 – Women’s suffrage movement results in speech before the state legislature by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
1869 1873
1869 - 1873
  • 1869 – John T. Hoffman, candidate of “Boss” William M. Tweed, elected governor.
  • 1870 – Population: 4,382,759
  • 1870 – St. John’s University founded in Jamaica.
  • 1871 – Syracuse University established.
  • July 1871 – New York Times publishes news articles detailing the corruption of the political machine led by Boss Tweed in NYC.
  • 1873 – Republican John Dix elected governor in reaction to Tweed corruption scandal.
1874 1884
1874- 1884
  • 1874 – First Chautauqua Assembly met at Lake Chautauqua.
  • 1879 – New State capitol in Albany dedicated.
  • 1880 – Population: 5,082,871
  • 1881 – Chester A. Arthur, protégé of “Boss Roscoe Conkling, becomes president with the assassination of President James Garfield.
  • 1884 – New York governor Grover Cleveland becomes President.
1887 1894
1887-1894
  • 1887 – Pratt Institute founded in Brooklyn.
  • 1889 – Barnard College founded in Mahattan.
  • 1890 – Population: 6,003,174.
  • 1892 – Roswell P. Flower of Watertown is elected governor as a Democrat.
  • 1894 – New York adopts 4th Constitution, initiating reforms in judicial and electoral systems and establishing more equitable classifications of urban-rural areas.
1898 1901
1898 - 1901
  • January 1, 1898 – Greater New York City is officially created by legislative enactment following two-year study.
  • April 27, 1898 – Nassau County created.
  • 1899 – Theodore Roosevelt, a reform candidate Republican wins election as governor.
  • 1900 – Population: 7,268,894.
  • 1901 – Theodore Roosevelt, elected Vice-President in November 1900, becomes President when President McKinley is assassinated.
1905 1912
1905 - 1912
  • 1905 – Juilliard School of Music established.
  • 1907 – Charles Evans Hughes, reform Republican candidate and trust buster, elected governor.
  • 1910 – Population: 9,113,614
  • 1910 – Hughes appointed to the Supreme Court.
  • 1911 – John Alden Dix elected governor as a reform Democrat.
  • April 19, 1912 – Bronx, the final state county, is created as a borough of New York City.
1913 1919
1913- 1919
  • October 17, 1913 – Governor William Sulzer, Democrat, is impeached for malpractices committed before is election as governor.
  • Lieutenant Governor Martin H. Glynn, a member of the Murphy machine , becomes governor.
  • 1915 – Republican district attorney Charles S. Whitman, becomes governor.
  • 1919 – Alfred E. Smith, New York Tammany candidate, elected governor for first time.
1919 1924
1919 - 1924
  • 1919 – Mary M. Lilly & Ida B. Sammis become first women members elected to state legislature.
  • 1920 – Population: 10, 385, 227
  • 1921 – Republican Nathan Miller elected governor in post WW 1 Harding landslide.
  • 1922 – Children’s Courts established.
  • 1922 – $20M allocated for highway construction.
  • 1923 – Al Smith elected governor for 2nd time.
  • 1924 – Fires destroy 15,000 acres in Catskills and Adirondack mountains.
1925 1931
1925 - 1931
  • 1925 – Al Smith elected to 2nd consecutive term as governor, 3rd term overall.
  • 1927 – Al Smith elected to 4th two-year term.
  • September 12, 1927 – New York celebrates its 150th anniversary.
  • 1929 – Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes governor.
  • 1930 – Population: 12,588,066.
  • 1931 – 1 million cubic feet of rock collapses into Niagara River at American side of Niagara Falls
1932 1938
1932- 1938
  • 1932 – Franklin D. Roosevelt elected President, Herbert H. Lehman elected governor.
  • 1935 – Lehman begins 2nd term as governor.
  • 1935 – New School of Social Research opens in New York City.
  • 1936 – President Roosevelt re-elected; Governor Lehman re-elected.
  • 1938 – State constitutional convention held, but no proposals, are made.
1939 1942
1939-1942
  • 1939 – Governor Lehman begins 4th term, first term to be extended to four years by constitutional amendment in 1938.
  • April 30, 1939 – New York World’s Fair opens in Flushing Meadows.
  • 1940 – Population: 13,379,662.
  • July 2, 1941 – New York County grand jury returns indictments on extortion in milk industry.
  • January 4, 1942 – 500,000 volunteer to be part of civil defense program during WW2.
1942 1948
1942- 1948
  • 1942 – Crusading prosecutor, Thomas E. Dewey, elected governor as Republican, 1st since 1923.
  • 1945 – Major labor strikes plague NYC in months following end of WW2.
  • April 13, 1947 – NYC donates 5 parcels of land for construction of United Nations.
  • 1947 – Dewey elected to 2nd term.
  • March 30, 1948 – More than 1,000 workers go on strike at New York Stock Exchange.
1948 1951
1948 - 1951
  • April 27, 1948 – NYC announces $1Billion budget.
  • 1949 – Water shortage in Manhattan leads to water rationing.
  • 1950 – Population: 14,830,192.
  • March 21, 1950 – State officials authorize construction of $500 million New York Thruway.
  • 1951 – Federal and state investigators charge widespread racketeering in NYC, many resign.
  • 1951 – Thomas E. Dewey elected as governor to 3rd term.
1953 1955
1953 - 1955
  • March 26, 1953 – NYC directed to turn over control of transit system to new transit authority.
  • 1954 – Special NYC census sets population at 8,050,000; including 485,000 Latino, 840,000 non-white.
  • September 21, 1955 – Loyalty investigations of 58,000 public employees results in 15 dismissals.
  • 1955 – Averell Harriman, Democrat, elected governor; 1st Democrat in 12 years.
slide18
1956 -
  • August 3, 1956 – Congress authorizes NJ-NY-Connecticut Interstate Sanitary Commission.
  • 1957 – Lincoln Square development project,$205M cultural, educational, and housing project launched with $27M in federal support.
  • 1959 – Republican Nelson A. Rockefeller elected governor.
  • 1959 – NYC Council creates commission to study feasibility of statehood for metro region.
1959 1963
1959 - 1963
  • May 14, 1959 – Groundbreaking ceremonies for $75M Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.
  • 1960 – Population: 16,596,507.
  • September 1, 1961 – Census reports indicates NYC second largest city in the world.
  • 1962 – Proceedings begin to test constitutionality of the states “Regents’ Prayer;” in 1965 it fails.
  • 1963 – Idylwild Airport renamed for slain president John F. Kennedy.
1964 1965
1964 - 1965
  • January 18, 1964 – NY Port Authority announces plans for twin 110 story towers to be called the World Trade Center; to cost $350M.
  • April 22, 1964 – New York World’s Fair opens on the same site as the 1939 World’s Fair.
  • November 1964 – Robert Kennedy defeats incumbent Kenneth Keating for Senate seat.
  • November 9, 1965 – Massive power failure impacts 25M persons in US and Canada. It began in New York.
1966 1968
1966 - 1968
  • September 21, 1966 – Protests over the quality of education for the poor in NYC led by Puerto Rican and African American activists.
  • November 8, 1966 – Constitutional amendment approved which allows state lottery.
  • 1967 – Proposed new constitution was rejected by the voters.
  • June 7, 1968 – RFK assassinated in Los Angeles.
1969 1971
1969 - 1971
  • June 16, 1969 – U.S. Supreme Court upholds Rep. Adam Clayton Powell’s claim that the House of Representatives wrongly denied him the right to take his seat in Congress.
  • April 11, 1970 – Legislature passes liberal abortion law, permitting private decision by individuals within certain circumstances.
  • 1970 – Population: 18,190,740.
  • October 26, 1971 – U.S. Supreme Court upholds NY’s Taylor Law which docks striking teachers two days for every day they stay out on strike.
1972 1973
1972 - 1973
  • January 24, 1972 – U.S. Supreme Court upholds ruling which voided 1-year residency law for receiving welfare.
  • July 7, 1972 – NY’s highest court upholds liberalized abortion laws.
  • July 19, 1972 – Three-day hunger strike by hundreds of inmates at Attica prison.
  • 1973 – State legislature passes no-fault insurance plan to take effect Feb. 1, 1974.
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