Data Type and Operator

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# Data Type and Operator - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Data Type and Operator. By: Muhammad Zidny Naf’an. Data Type. Declaration. Data type and variable declaration: data_type variable_name; Set a value to variable: variable = value; We can directly set a value to varible when declaration: data_type variable_name = value;.

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### Data Type and Operator

Declaration
• Data type and variable declaration:

data_type variable_name;

• Set a value to variable:

variable = value;

• We can directly set a value to varible when declaration:

data_type variable_name = value;

Operator

Operator the sign that use for operating or manipulation

Variable or value that operated called the operand

3 + 2

operand

operator

operand

Arithmetic Operator
• Using arithmetic operator
Assignment Operator
• To give a value to variable
• Ex:

a = 1;

c = 2 + (b = 1);

a = b = c = d = e = 1;

Increment and Decrement Operator
• Symbol of decrement operator: --

Used for subtracting by 1

• The symbol of increment operator: ++

Ex:

x++ like with x = x + 1.

y-- like with y = y – 1.

• Can be placed front (pre-) or behind (post-) operand.
Increment and Decrement Operator
• The effect for placing the operator:

a = 7;

b = 2;

c = b + a++;

value of c is 9 not 10

that statements above like with this statement below:

c = b + a;

a = a + 1;

Increment and Decrement Operator
• If increment operator placed in front of operand, so operand will add by 1 first.

Ex:

a = 7;

b = 2;

c = b + ++a;

• that statements above like with this statement below:

a = a + 1;

c = b + a;

c = 10;

Bitwise Operator
• For manipulating bit
• Bitwise operator only for int or char
Compound Operator
• shorten assignment operator,
• Example x = x + 2 x += 2
Relationship Operator
• Compare the relationship between two operands
Condition Operator
• Obtain the value of two possibles, ex:

statement1 ? statement12: statement3

If statement1 truethan the result equal with statement2, if false than statement3.

Comma Operator
• Placing two statement in one rule that need one statement
• Example use in looping for:
• for(i=0, j=0; i<10; i++, j--) { ..}
Logic Operator
• Connecting two or more statements to make one condititon statement
Exercise
• If x is integer, from these values, where the value can put to x?
• 10
• 5.7
• 40000
• Change these formulas into C++ language
Exercise
• A program to calculate the final score of a student has 5 variables for student name, studentidentification numbers, the value of the task, the mid term and final exam scores of the semester. The final value calculated by the formula: (task * 20%) + (midterm * 40%) + (final exam * 40%). Make the program!
Exercise

Write the program to display the number of days, hours, minutes, and seconds of inputin the form of the length of time in seconds. For example, input 100.000 seconds willproduce output

1 day, 3 hours, 46 minutes, 40 seconds.Input of the program is of type long integer.Program output is the number of days, hours, minutes, and seconds from the input.