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Dengue Fever in the Philippines. Camille Sana MPH Student Walden University PUBH 6165-4 :Environmental Health Dr. Howard Rubin February 2012. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Goals/Objectives. Audience Expected Learning outcome Objective of Presentation.

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Dengue Fever in the Philippines

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Dengue fever in the philippines l.jpg

Dengue Fever in the Philippines

Camille Sana

MPH Student

Walden University

PUBH 6165-4 :Environmental Health

Dr. Howard Rubin

February 2012

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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Goals/Objectives

  • Audience

  • Expected Learning outcome

  • Objective of Presentation


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What is Dengue Fever?

  • Mosquito: Aedes Aegypti

  • Common in tropical countries

    like Philippines

  • Symptoms : mild to high grade fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, rash

  • Complication: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever --Lethal !

Source: Bepast.org


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Clinical Manifestations

Reference: WHO, 2009


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Clinical Manifestations cont.

Dengue Fever Symptoms:

Fever

headache

muscle and joint aches

Skin rash

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever:

High fever, hemorrhage, has 4 grades:

Petecchial rash

Grade 1: Fever, non specific Source: Denquefever.co.in

Grade 2: Grade 1 manifestation + spontaneous bleeding

Grade 3: Signs of circulatory failure

Grade 4: Profound shock,death

Reference: WHO, 2009


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Impact of Dengue in the Philippines 1996-2005

Dengue Incidence Manila, Philippines 1996 -2005

Source : Sia, S.(2008)AMBIO - A Journal of the Human Environment, Jun2008, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p292-294, 3p, 1 Chart, 2 Graphs, 1 Map Graph; found on p293


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Impact of Dengue in the Philippines 2010-2011

Source: Department of Health Philippines Disease Surveillance Report Morbidity Week 36 ,figure 1 page 1


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Impact of Dengue in the Philippines 2010-2011(cont.)

Source: Department of Health Philippines Disease Surveillance Report Morbidity Week 36 ,Figure 2 page 2


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Transmission of Dengue

VECTOR: Transmitted to humans by bite of female aedes aegypti mosquito. Dengue mosquitos lay eggs in areas with water (see left)

HOST: Humans become host of virus. Virus incubation is 4-10 days then produce dengue symptoms

TRANSMISSION: Humans get infected from bite of infected aedes mosquito. Mosquitos get infected when they bite infected humans.

Source: www.CDC.com

Source: Everyday health.com

Reference: CDC, n.d.


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Prevention

  • Environmental Management

  • Biological Control

  • Chemical Control


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Prevention (cont.)

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

  • Modification

  • Manipulation

  • Changes in Human Behavior

Source: CDC,n.d.

Source: CDC,n.d.

Source: CDC,n.d.)

Source:travelpod)


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Prevention (cont.)

CHEMICAL CONTROL

  • Use of insecticides

  • Fogging

  • Use of mosquito coils

  • Repellents

Source: mosquitoes and more.com


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Prevention (cont.)

BIOLOGICAL CONTROL

  • Fish (poeciliareticulata)

  • Predatory copepods (copepodacyclopoidea)

  • Lethal ovitraps

Source: US Geological Survey

Source: US Geological Survey

Source: DOH


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Anti-Dengue Programs in the Philippines

  • June 2011: Dengue Prevention Month

  • Massive anti-dengue campaign

Source: www.ifmt.auf.org

Source:www.tacloban.gov.ph

Source:DOH


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Anti-Dengue Programs in the Philippines

  • Distribution and training on use of mosquito OL trap (ovicidal-larvicidal trap)

Source : DOH

Source: DOH


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Anti-Dengue Programs in the Philippines ( cont.)

  • Multi-sectoral mosquito “search and destroy” cleanup campaign

Source: College of Nursing, University of Makati


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Conclusion

  • Dengue is a health threat

  • Dengue is Preventable

  • Plan for action

Source:ADRA


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Thank you


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Additional Information/Resources

WEBSITES:

  • World Health Organization http://www.who.int/topics/dengue/en/

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/

  • WHO. Dengue Haemorrhagic fever ealy recognition diagnosis and hospital management. An audiovisual guide for healthcrae workers responding to outbreaks.http://www.who.int/csr/don/archive/disease/dengue_fever/dengue.pdf

  • WHO. Global Alert and response. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/dengue/en/

  • World Heath Organization. Guidelines for treatment of demgue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever in small hospitals. http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Dengue_Guideline-dengue.pdf

  • CDC, Clinicians Reference card.http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/resources/Dengue%20Case%20Management_card_125085_12x6_Zcard_Dengue.pdf

  • CDC. Information for health care practitioners. http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/Dengue&DHF%20Information%20for%20Health%20Care%20Practitioners_2009.pdf

  • CDC. Basic facts on Dengue http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/CS_205910-A.Dengue%20patient%20Ed%20Eng.FINAL.pdf


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Additional Information/Resources ( cont.)

JOURNALS/ARTICLES:

  • Bernardo, E. C. (2008). Solid-Waste Management Practices of Households in Manila, Philippines. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, 1140420-424. doi:10.1196/annals.1454.016

  • Johansson, MA, F Dominici, & GE Glass. Local and global effects of climate on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 3(2): e382 (2009).

  • Barrera R. 2009. Simplified Aedes aegypti’spupal-surveys for entomological surveillance and dengue control. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 81: 100-107. http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/reprint/81/1/100

  • Barrera R, Amador M, Díaz A. Joshua Smith, Muñoz-Jordán JL, Rosario Y. 2008. Unusual productivity of Aedes aegypti in septic tanks and its implications for dengue control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 22:62-69. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/119401311/PDFSTART

  • Group on Dengue Meeting 1-5 October 2006, Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank and WHO.


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References

World Health Education ( 2009).Dengue guidelines for diagnosis treatment prevention and control. Retrieved from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/9789241547871_eng.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Dengue frequently asked questions. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/faqFacts/index.html

World Health Organization (2006). Dengue hemorrhagic fever early recognition

diagnosis and hospital management an audiovisual guide for health care

workers responding to outbreaks. retrieved from

http://www.who.int/csr/don/archive/disease/dengue_fever/dengue.pdf

Department of Health (2011) Disease surveillance report morbidity week 36. Retrieved from http://dev1.doh.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2011Den36WMR_draft.pdf

Sia Su, G. L. (2008). Correlation of Climatic Factors and Dengue Incidence in Metro Manila, Philippines. AMBIO - A Journal Of The Human Environment, 37(4), 292-294. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/ehost/detail?vid=5&hid=12&sid=c81b1f84-903a-4856-81e3-d2a7b75da458%40sessionmgr14&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=33116717


References cont l.jpg

References ( cont.)

Centers for Disease and Control Prevention ( 2010) . Transmission of dengue virus retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/Dengue/epidemiology/index.html#transmission

Centers for Disease and Control Prevention ( n.d.) how to prevent the spread of mosquito that causes dengue. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/Vector%20control%20sheet%20dengue.pdf

Centers for disease control and prevention (2010). Larval control and other vector control preventions. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/malaria_worldwide/reduction/vector_control.html

Elias, M. Islam, M. Kabir, M & Rahman,M. ( 1995, August). Biological control of mosquito larvae by guppy fish. Bangladesh medical research council bulletin.21(2):81-6. Department of medical entomology. Institute of preventative and social medicine Mohakhali, Dhaka.Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8815867

Department of health ( 2011). Dengue surge in Luzon. Retrieved from http://dev1.doh.gov.ph/content/dengue-surge-luzon


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References ( cont.)

Department of science and technology (n.d.).Mosquioto OL trap. Retrieved from www.science.ph/oltrap/

Department of Health (2011) . National dengue prevention and control program. Retrieved form http://www.doh.gov.ph.content/national-dengue-prevention-and-control-program

World Health Organization (2012) Dengue epidemiology philippines. World health organization Western pacific region Retrieved from http://www.wpro.who.int/sites/mvp/epidemiology/dengue/phl_profile.htm


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