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生物技术、生物工程与生物制药 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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生物技术、生物工程与生物制药. 第一节 生物学简介. 一、生物学发展简史. 进化论和细胞学说 经典遗传学 分子生物学 现代生物技术. 二、人类基因组计划.

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生物技术、生物工程与生物制药

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  • (human genome project, HGP)198519903030


HGP

  • 19855Santa CruzDOESinsheimer RL

  • 1988

  • 1990101HGP1530

  • 19892HGP

  • 19906HGP

  • 1995HGP


2physical map

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3

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2%~5%mRNA




(gene engineering)

  • (genetic engineering);

  • (gene cloning);

  • (molecular cloning);

  • (gene manipulation);

  • DNA(recombination DNA technique)

  • (clone): DNADNA.


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immobilized enzyme:



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444


2050

19661972

1976

1980



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6

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  • DNA


  • FDA30

  • 12




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