Chapter Five. Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities or Mental Retardation. Defining Intellectual Disability: An Evolving Process. 1961 AAIDD Definition 1973 AAIDD Definition 1983 AAIDD Definition 1992 AAIDD Definition 2002 AAIDD Definition 2010 AAIDD Definition.
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Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities or Mental Retardation
1961 AAIDD definition
1973 AAIDD definition
1983 AAIDD definition
1992 AAIDD definition
2002 AAIDD definition
2010 AAIDD definition
Watch this video to learn more about diagnosing students with intellectual disabilities
Adaptive behavior is seen as “the degree to which, and the efficiency with which, the individual meets the standards of maturation, learning, personal independence, and/or social responsibility that are expected for his or her age level and cultural group.”
(Grossman, 1983, p. 11)
Assessing Adaptive Behavior
Prenatal (before birth)
Perinatal (during birth)
Postnatal (after birth)
To learn about people with Down Syndrome view the following video: Down Syndrome in the 21st Century
Social and Behavioral
-poor interpersonal skills
-difficulty establishing and maintaining friendships
IEP teams must consider:
student and family preferences, student’s age and years left in school, rate of learning, current and future settings, other skill needs
Watch this video to learn about a woman with intellectual disabilities: Intellectual Disabilities
Families with a child with intellectual disabilities may experience a wide range of concerns and often rely on a support network made up of friends and family members in addition to parent organizations and professional groups.