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The Role of Blood Donation in Healthcare Presented by Peter Hudson Clinical Specialist in Blood Transfusion. WHERE DO WE GET OUR BLOOD SUPPLIES FROM?. UK sourced from voluntary unpaid donors. Collected and processed by the National Blood Service. WHY GIVE BLOOD?.

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slide1
The Role of Blood Donation in HealthcarePresented by Peter Hudson Clinical Specialist in Blood Transfusion
slide2

WHERE DO WE GET OUR BLOOD SUPPLIES FROM?

  • UK sourced from voluntary unpaid donors
  • Collected and processed by the National Blood Service
slide3

WHY GIVE BLOOD?

  • Over 35,000 donations weekly

- 1.4 million donors

- Only 4% of people give blood

  • 10-15% donor loss per year
    • Donors don’t give every time
    • Constantly “topping-up”
slide4

WHO ARE THE

NATIONAL BLOOD SERVICE?

  • Part of the National Health Service
  • Provide blood and blood products to hospitals
slide5

A BRIEF HISTORY

OF BLOOD DONATION

  • 1666: First successful blood transfusion
  • 1900: Four Human blood types discovered
  • 1946: National Blood Service Launched
slide6

SO WHAT EXACTLY IS BLOOD?

  • Transfers oxygen from the lungs
  • Communication System within body
  • Average person has 5 litres of blood
slide7

COMPONENTS AND THEIR ROLES

  • Red Cells

- Distribute oxygen and nutrients

- Contain haemoglobin

  • White Cells

- Fight infection

- Several different types

slide8

COMPONENTS AND THEIR ROLES

  • Platelets

- Form a “plug” to stop bleeding

- 5 day shelf-life

  • Plasma

- Carries other blood cells

- Carries Albumin and Factor Viii

slide9

BLOOD TYPES

  • A, B, AB and O
  • Antigens
    • A and B antigens
    • Rh Antigen
slide11

BLOOD AROUND THE WORLD

  • Prevalence varies across the world

- B more common in South Asian people than Westerners

- Anthropology

  • Some blood conditions are more common in

- Sickle Cell Anaemia and Thalassemia

- Events of the past, e.g. plague

different communities

slide12

General surgery 10%

Gastro intestinal bleeding 11%

Anaemia 23%

Haematology 15%

Orthopaedics 14%

WHO NEEDS BLOOD?

  • How many units get used?

- Open heart surgery = 2-8 red cell units, 6 platelet units

- Car accident = 4-40 red cell units

slide13

RECIPIENT STORIES

BROOKE CORNWELL

  • 2 years old – has received 27 units of blood
  • Has Diamond Blackfan Anaemia
  • Needs blood every month to live
slide14

RECIPIENT STORIES

LUKE CRAIG

  • Involved in a horrific car crash
  • Internal bleeding and tear in his heart
  • Emergency operation – 24 units of blood
slide15

RECIPIENT STORIES

MIKE AUSTIN

  • Severe motorbike accident
  • Leg destroyed – artery damaged
  • Received 33 units of blood
slide16

RECIPIENT STORIES

AWELE NWOSU-AKEH

  • 17 year old with Sickle Cell Anaemia
  • Receives blood every 4 weeks
  • Blood allows her to have a normal life
slide17

RECIPIENT STORIES

KEIRA

  • Kostmann’s syndrome
  • Bowel removed
  • 9 units of red cells and 7 of platelets
slide18

RECIPIENT STORIES

NISA HEYS

  • Has Thalassaemia Major
  • Has transfusions every 3 weeks
  • Received over 1300 units of blood so far
slide19

CAN YOU DONATE?

  • You must be aged between 17-65 to donate for the first time
  • Most common criteria we check are:-
      • Tattoos
      • Piercings
      • Travel
      • Medication
  • You will always be asked to fill out a Donor Health Check questionnaire
slide20

“I could die as a result of donation”

“I might catch something”

“You don’t want my blood”

“You experiment on our blood”

“It hurts”!

“I ALWAYS faint”!

“I smoke and drink alcohol”

CAN YOU DONATE? (MYTHS)

slide21

THE DONATION PROCESS

Making the call

Fill out the questionnaire

Arrive at session

The donation

Aftercare

slide22

White

Mixed

South Asian

African & Caribbean

Chinese

Any Other Group

DONOR ETHNICITY

B

“25% of the South Asian ethnic population are blood group B and only 9% of Western Europeans share this group”

slide23

British Bone Marrow Register

DONOR ETHNICITY (cont)

  • We need to build the British Bone Marrow Registry
  • Some tissue types are specific to certain ethnic groups of the population
  • The notion of blood donation does not enter personal and social spheres
slide24

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE BLOOD?

  • Kept cool then collected
  • Typed and tested
  • Components Separated
  • Banked and ready to go!
slide25

WHAT IS THE BLOOD TESTED FOR?

VIRUSES

HIV 1 and 2

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

Hepatitis C Virus (HBC)

HTLV (Human T- cell Leukaemia Virus)

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

slide26

THEY DON’T JUST COLLECT BLOOD

  • Bone Marrow
  • Organs
  • Cord Blood
  • Tissue
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