Environmental Ethics and the Via Verde. What Environmental Ethics has to says about the Via Verde Project. What is Environmental Ethics?. A systematic and critical study of different moral approaches to the environment such as… Extensionism Agrarianism Biocentrism Ecocentrism
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Environmental Ethics and the Via Verde
What Environmental Ethics has to says about the Via Verde Project
Humans are internally and essentially related to their natural and social environment
Whole cannot be reduced to parts.
Wholes are greater than the sum of their parts
Non-anthropocentric: Not centered around humans
Moral community not centered around humans. Animals, plants, small organisms all count in the moral scheme of things. Attempt made to formulate a point of view that is non-human.
1a. Extending the umbrella of utilitarianism to cover animals (Peter Singer)
Individualistic and Anthropocentric
1b. Extended moral rights to animal (Tom Regan)
Anthropocentric and Individualistic
2. Agrarianism: Living in small farms and practicing traditional agriculture fosters key civic and moral virtues (Paul Thompson, Spirit of the Soil, and Wendell Berry, The Unsettling of America, A Place on the Earth
Holistic and Anthropocentric
3. Biocentrism: Each living thing is a “teleological center of a life”.There are moral obligations to recognize and respect these “centers”
Non-anthropocentric and individualistic
4. Ecocentrism: Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic
Non-anthropocentric (under most interpretations) and Holistic
A Virtue Approach to Environmental Ethics
Wensveen, “Cardinal Environmental Virtues: A Neurobiological Perspective,” in Environmental Virtue Ethics, edited by R. Sandler and P. Cafaro. Rowman & Littlefield: 176-177
Lugo,E. (2002) Relación Medico/paciente: encuentro interpersonal ética y espiritualidad. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Puerto Rico: 88
Hursthouse, R. (2007) “Virtue Ethics” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy