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Asthma . Kristen Bozza Shea Stearney. General description of the pathology. Airflow is limited by bronchocontstriction , causing shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. There is allergy induced asthma and exercise induced asthma. Exercise-induced asthma.

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Kristen BozzaShea Stearney

general description of the pathology
General description of the pathology
  • Airflow is limited by bronchocontstriction, causing shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. There is allergy induced asthma and exercise induced asthma.
exercise induced asthma
Exercise-induced asthma
  • Exercise-induced asthma occurs when the airways tighten and cause asthmatic systems as a result of exercise. Exercise-induced asthma can be prevented if prescribed medication is taken before exercising.
p arts of the respiratory system affected by asthma
parts of the respiratory system affected by asthma
  • During an asthma attack, the muscles around the bronchioles constrict, which prohibits the air in the alveoli to be released; thus, the lungs become over inflated.
triggers causes for an asthma attack
Triggers/causes for an asthma attack
  • Animals (pet hair or dander)
  • Dust
  • Changes in weather (most often cold weather)
  • Chemicals in the air or in food
  • Exercise
  • Mold
  • Pollen
  • Respiratory infections, like a cold
  • Strong emotions (stress)
  • Tobacco smoke
symptoms of the condition
Symptoms of the condition
  • There is a cough with or without phlegm production
  • Pulling in of the skin between the ribs when breathing
  • Shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of

breath, coughing or wheezing

  • An audible whistling or wheezing

sound when exhaling

  • Medicine for long-term control:- inhaled corticosteroids- leukotriene modifiers (oral medication)- long-acting beta agonists- combination inhalers- theophylline
  • Quick relief medicine:- short-acting beta agonists- ipratroprium (atrovent)- oral and intravenous corticosteroids
  • Most people do not die from having asthma, but more severe cases of asthma may rarely lead to death. About 5,000 people die each year from an asthma related death.