Reconsidering cohesion policy the contested debate on territorial cohesion martin ferry
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Reconsidering Cohesion Policy: The Contested Debate on Territorial Cohesion Martin Ferry. Introduction. Origins and evolution of territorial cohesion objective Territorial cooperation effects and lessons for territorial cohesion? Conclusions and discussion.

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Reconsidering Cohesion Policy: The Contested Debate on Territorial Cohesion Martin Ferry

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Reconsidering cohesion policy the contested debate on territorial cohesion martin ferry

Reconsidering Cohesion Policy: The Contested Debate on Territorial Cohesion Martin Ferry


Introduction

Introduction

  • Origins and evolution of territorial cohesion objective

  • Territorial cooperation effects and lessons for territorial cohesion?

  • Conclusions and discussion


The concept of territorial cohesion

The concept of territorial cohesion

  • First mentioned in a report by the Association of European Regions (1997)

  • Since then, increasing profile through multiple documents


What does it actually mean

What does it actually mean?

  • At least four different definitions:

    • Polycentric & endogenous development

    • Balanced development model

    • Accessibility

    • Form of networking

  • Member State opinions vary:

    • Overall assessment of the concept: (favourable - Finland & Greece); (not an urgent priority - Denmark & Ireland); sceptical (Austria & Germany)

    • Different meanings attached

  • Vague, ambiguous concept working as a compromise?


Means of addressing territorial cohesion

Means of addressing territorial cohesion

  • General agreement on two paths to realising territorial cohesion:

    • Horizontal coordination of policies with a spatial impact

    • Territorial cooperation between subnational actors

  • INTERREG programme could offer some lessons


Interreg quantitative effect

INTERREG: quantitative effect

  • Financial resources not large (INTERREG III - €5.8 billion)

  • Physical measurable results and impacts limited and difficult to measure

However…

  • Financial pooling & leverage

    • increase scale and scope of interventions

  • Cooperation across borders

    • new solutions to problems


Interreg qualitative effect

INTERREG: qualitative effect

  • Territorial cooperation does have a ‘qualitative effect’ on various aspects of territorial cohesion

    • Political symbolism

    • Additionality and innovation

    • Learning and exchange

    • Trans-border relationships

    • Internationalisation and decentralisation

  • Effects associated with a range of benefits and challenges


Conclusions questions for discussion

Conclusions & questions for discussion

  • Incorporation of territorial cohesion as a regional policy objective focuses attention on potential role of territorial cooperation

    • What are the implications of the territorial cohesion objective for Cohesion policy? How can it be defined? What priorities should it have?

    • Is the INTERREG programme an important channel for reinforcing territorial cohesion in practice? What does INTERREG contribute to the goal of territorial cohesion?


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