LIBERAL WELFARE REFORMS. Motivation. New Liberalism Booth and Rowntree National Efficiency Continuing with Conservative reforms Threat from new Labour Party Pressure from Trade Unions and Socialist groups. The Young.
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The Old Age Pensions Act 1909 – pensions of 5s. Per week to persons over 70 years old (7s.6d. To married couples)
The People’s Budget – supposed to raise £16m for defence and old age pensions. Budget increased income tax, death duties, licensing, tobacco and spirit duties; new taxes on cars, petrol and land. Rejected in Nov 09 but passed the following April.
Cross and Williams are of the view that the Liberal Reforms were successful and “laid the foundations of the future Welfare State” C.Cross
Evans and Hay think the reforms were more limited: “many participants in the creation of the Liberal reforms had no thought of creating a ‘Welfare State’ of the type which developed after 1945” J.R. Hay