liberal welfare reforms
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
LIBERAL WELFARE REFORMS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

LIBERAL WELFARE REFORMS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 144 Views
  • Uploaded on

LIBERAL WELFARE REFORMS. Motivation. New Liberalism Booth and Rowntree National Efficiency Continuing with Conservative reforms Threat from new Labour Party Pressure from Trade Unions and Socialist groups. The Young.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' LIBERAL WELFARE REFORMS' - renate


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
motivation
Motivation
  • New Liberalism
  • Booth and Rowntree
  • National Efficiency
  • Continuing with Conservative reforms
  • Threat from new Labour Party
  • Pressure from Trade Unions and Socialist groups
the young
The Young
  • School Meals Act (1906) – introduced a Labour initiative, allowed local authorities to arrange for school meals
  • School Medical Inspections (1907) – sneaked into a more general administrative Act.
  • Children’s Charter (1908) – forbade child begging, children in pubs or the sale of alcohol/tobacco to children under 16
the old
The Old
  • The Old Age Pensions Act 1909 – pensions of 5s. Per week to persons over 70 years old (7s.6d. To married couples)
  • The People’s Budget – supposed to raise £16m for defence and old age pensions. Budget increased income tax, death duties, licensing, tobacco and spirit duties; new taxes on cars, petrol and land. Rejected in Nov 09 but passed the following April.
the employed
The Employed
  • Trade Disputes Act 1906 – reversed the Taff Vale Judgement
  • Workmen’s Compensation Act 1906 – made compensation payable for accidents arising out of the workman’s employment
  • Coal Mines Act 1909 – limited the working day of coalminers to 8 hours
  • Trade Boards Act 1909 – fixed minimum wage for sweated trades
slide6
cont
  • National Insurance Act 1911
  • Shops Act 1911 – gave shop workers guaranteed time off work
  • Minimum Wage for miners – 1912
the sick and unemployed
The Sick and Unemployed
  • Labour Exchanges – 1908
  • National Insurance Act 1911 –

Part I: Sickness Benefit

  • Employees contributed 4d a week, employers contributed 3d a week and the State contributed 2d a week (‘9d for 4d’).
  • Benefits include free medical treatment, maternity benefit and sick pay for up to 26 weeks
slide8
cont
  • Part II: Unemployment Benefit
  • Employees contributed 2.5d per week, employers contributed 2.5d per week the State contributed 1 2/3d per week.
  • Benefits included 7s per week for up to 15 weeks paid through the Labour Exchanges
the parliament act 1911
The Parliament Act 1911
  • Came about after the People’s Budget and Constitutional Crisis
  • Reduced the powers of the House of Lords – stall Bills
  • Reduced the life of Parliament to 5 years
  • Gave MPs a wage – set at £400 pa
general success
General Success
  • State became involved in the regulation of life for the young – children better fed, healthier and better educated
  • OAPs were financed from general tax’
  • Pensions were administered by the Post Office removing the shame of the Poor Law
  • Unemployment benefits were administered by the Labour Exchanges
general criticisms
General Criticisms
  • Local Authorities did not have to provide school meals
  • Medical inspections for children merely identified problems – not a solution
  • OAPs were limited to the over 70s
  • Health Insurance only covered the worker, not the family
  • Labour Exchanges were voluntary
  • Unemployment Benefit was for a limited number of industries
historians views
Historians’ Views
  • Cross and Williams are of the view that the Liberal Reforms were successful and “laid the foundations of the future Welfare State” C.Cross
  • Evans and Hay think the reforms were more limited: “many participants in the creation of the Liberal reforms had no thought of creating a ‘Welfare State’ of the type which developed after 1945” J.R. Hay
ad