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Exploring the Dog Industry. Lesson 9. Next Generation Science/Common Core Standards Addressed!.

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next generation science common core standards addressed
Next Generation Science/Common Core Standards Addressed!
  • RST.11‐12.7 Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g.,quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem(HS-LS2-6),(HSL2-7),(HS-LS2-8) problem.
  • WHST.9‐12.9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (HS‐LS1‐1)
  • Explain the biology and physiology of dogs and terms used to describe dogs.
  • Describe classes and breeds of dogs.
  • List factors to consider when selecting a dog.
  • Discuss proper management, grooming, and training of dogs.


Companion animal


Herding hound






Sporting dog

Stud dog


Toy breed



Working dogs

interest approach
Interest Approach
  • Have an owner bring in their well-trained dog and show all the tricks it knows. Have the owner talk about how much time went into training the dog. Have students generate questions for the owner about the dog’s diet, grooming requirements, breed, and any other questions they can think of.
what are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems
Companion animals

domesticated animals kept by humans for relationships on a long-term basis


a meat- or flesh-eating animal


an animal with only one stomach compartment


keeps a constant body temperature


mature female dog

Stud dog or sire

mature male dog


process of a bitch giving birth


immature dog of either sex


group of puppies born to same parents

What are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems?
dog facts
Dog Facts
  • Dogs have been used as companion animals for over 10,000 years.
  • Most dogs eat processed dog food, they are carnivores by nature.
  • Dogs are monogastric.
  • Canis familiaria is their scientific name.
  • Dogs are in the family of Canidae, that is why sometimes called canines.
dog facts1
Dog facts
  • Dogs have a skeleton of over 320 bones. Large breeds have larger bones that the smaller breeds.
  • Dogs are endothermic.
  • Dogs can weigh from less than 6 pounds to over 200 pounds at maturity depending on the breed.
what are the classes and breeds of dogs
What are the classes and breeds of dogs?
  • Approximately 300 dog breeds.
  • American Kennel Club (AKC) does the classification and record keeping on dog breeds. www.akc.org
  • Based on use and characteristics, seven classes of dogs have been identified.
  • Helpful to review before selecting a breed that will suit you and your needs.
herding dogs
Herding Dogs
  • a dog that is easily trained to help with herding animals like sheep and cattle.
  • Important to give a lot of space because they need to run often.

All photos were downloaded from the American Kennel Club

sporting dogs
Sporting Dogs
  • dogs used for sporting purposes like hunting.
  • some breeds used for retrieving, finding, and scaring out game animals
working dogs
Working Dogs
  • dogs that are used by people to help get something done like protection of property, sled pulling, and police work
  • dog used for tracking because it has a good ability to follow scents
  • used by hunters to locate game animals and by law officials to track lost people or people that have escaped from confinement
  • dogs that dig into the ground to capture their prey
  • there are 25 breeds recognized by the AKC
toy breeds
Toy Breeds
  • a name describing a class of dogs that weigh between 4 and 16 pounds.
  • live longer
  • easier to keep in a small area because of their size
non sporting breeds
Non-sporting Breeds
  • dogs that were developed for purposes other than sports.
what factors should i consider when selecting a dog
What factors should I consider when selecting a dog?


  • a puppy should be taken between 8 and 12 weeks of age
  • puppies are cute and cuddly but require more work than older dogs
  • older dogs may be less expensive in long run if already spayed or neutered
what factors should i consider when selecting a dog1
What factors should I consider when selecting a dog?

Purebred vs. mixed breed

  • want a dog for breeding purposes will want a purebred
  • purebred dog you will know what size dog will be at maturity
  • mixed breed will be less expensive but mature size is a guess
what factors should i consider when selecting a dog2
What factors should I consider when selecting a dog?

How much space do you have?

  • Must answer if you have enough space for dog at maturity
  • indoors or outdoors
  • do you live in areas of harsh heat or cold, you must provide proper protection
what factors should i consider when selecting a dog3
What factors should I consider when selecting a dog?

Length of hair

  • long-haired dogs have more hair to shed and are more susceptible to diseases and parasites because of the long hair.


  • Don’t want to use dog for reproduction and don’t want unexpected pregnancies be sure to spayed and neutered
  • Having male dog neutered will less likely run away searching for females
  • Having female dog spayed will take away heat cycles and its symptoms
how do i train my dog
How do I train my dog?
  • training
    • working with your dog to get dog to get it to have desirable habits and knowledge
  • most common training is housebreaking
    • getting your dog to urinate or defecate in a desirable area
  • other training includes heel, come, stay, sit or speak
  • obedience schools are organized programs to train your dog
  • most important thing in training your dog is patience, kindness, and rewards
how do i groom my dog
How do I groom my dog?
  • grooming
    • caring for the external appearance of your dog
    • you should comb, trim, bathe, cut nails, clean teeth, and treat minor wounds
    • special needs of grooming will be needed if planning to show dog
  • What are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems?
  • What are the classes and breeds of dogs?
  • What factors should I consider when selecting a dog?
  • How do I train, manage, and groom my dog?