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Enlightenment in Politics

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Enlightenment in Politics. Thomas Hobbes People are naturally greedy and selfish. Believed in Divine Right Kings have been given the right to rule by God. Without a strong government, people would behave badly and their “lives would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”.

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enlightenment in politics
Enlightenment in Politics
  • Thomas Hobbes
    • People are naturally greedy and selfish.
    • Believed in Divine Right
      • Kings have been given the right to rule by God.
    • Without a strong government, people would behave badly and their “lives would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”.
    • You conceded your rights to the government, in return for your life.
    • The people have no right to rebel against the government.
enlightenment in politics1
Enlightenment in Politics
  • John Locke
    • Humans are naturally good.
    • Opposed Divine Right
    • All people possess certain Natural Rights.
      • Life, Liberty, and Property
    • If government doesn’t protect these rights, the people need to revolt.
enlightenment thinkers
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Rousseau
    • “Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains”
    • Some gov’t control is necessary but it should be minimal
    • If gov’t didn’t do its job, people should revolt
    • The good of the community should come before the individual
    • Women need to be educated to be good mothers
enlightenment thinkers1
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Voltaire
    • "I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
    • Distrusted democracy
    • Believed only an enlightened monarch, advised by philosophers like him, could bring about change
    • Believed in freedom of religion
enlightenment thinkers2
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Montesquieu
    • Gov’ts power needs to be checked
    • System of Checks and Balances
    • Separation of Powers
      • 3 Branches of Gov’t
enlightenment thinkers3
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
    • Women aren’t inferior to men, they just lack the educational opportunities
    • Men and Women should be equal
    • Society should see people reasonably not by raceor gender.
    • Argued that society trains women to be concerned with looks instead of contributing to society
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