Enlightenment in politics
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 7

Enlightenment in Politics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 50 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Enlightenment in Politics. Thomas Hobbes People are naturally greedy and selfish. Believed in Divine Right Kings have been given the right to rule by God. Without a strong government, people would behave badly and their “lives would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”.

Download Presentation

Enlightenment in Politics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Enlightenment in politics

Enlightenment in Politics

  • Thomas Hobbes

    • People are naturally greedy and selfish.

    • Believed in Divine Right

      • Kings have been given the right to rule by God.

    • Without a strong government, people would behave badly and their “lives would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”.

    • You conceded your rights to the government, in return for your life.

    • The people have no right to rebel against the government.


Enlightenment in politics1

Enlightenment in Politics

  • John Locke

    • Humans are naturally good.

    • Opposed Divine Right

    • All people possess certain Natural Rights.

      • Life, Liberty, and Property

    • If government doesn’t protect these rights, the people need to revolt.


Enlightenment thinkers

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Rousseau

    • “Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains”

    • Some gov’t control is necessary but it should be minimal

    • If gov’t didn’t do its job, people should revolt

    • The good of the community should come before the individual

    • Women need to be educated to be good mothers


Enlightenment thinkers1

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Voltaire

    • "I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”

    • Distrusted democracy

    • Believed only an enlightened monarch, advised by philosophers like him, could bring about change

    • Believed in freedom of religion


Enlightenment thinkers2

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Montesquieu

    • Gov’ts power needs to be checked

    • System of Checks and Balances

    • Separation of Powers

      • 3 Branches of Gov’t


Enlightenment thinkers3

Enlightenment Thinkers

  • Mary Wollstonecraft

    • Women aren’t inferior to men, they just lack the educational opportunities

    • Men and Women should be equal

    • Society should see people reasonably not by raceor gender.

    • Argued that society trains women to be concerned with looks instead of contributing to society


  • Login