Interest Groups. EXTRA CREDIT!!!!!. Go to website: http://www.redistrictinggame.org/ Play the game Write a 1-2 page summary about redistricting—malapportionment and gerrymandering Replaces lowest 25% grade Due Friday!!!!. Interest Groups. In this chapter we will cover…
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Thousands of interest groups in the US
organization of people with similar
policy goals that tries to influence the
political process to try to achieve those
branch and every level of government.
Groups don’t want to run their own
political landscape since the country’s founding.
proliferation of groups so that no one group
could get hegemony over the other groups.
invites organized political participation.
– Organized Labor – the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
– Business and Trade Associations – The National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) (1895)
– Religious and Ideological Groups
– Business Groups, Trade and Professional Associations
– Organized Labor
group technique is lobbying or seeking to
influence and persuade others to support
your group's position.
university, businesses, foreign countries,
trade associations, and anyone else wanting
their voice heard on policy matters.
influence legislation or policymaking.
Direct Techniques: (NAACP)
– Private meetings
– Drafting Legislation
– Social Occasions
– Providing Political Info
– Supplying Nomination
suggestionsInterest Groups Techniques
– Groundswell of
– Use Constituents as
– Building Alliances
with other groups
she wants to remain effective.
gets a reputation of being untruthful or
disingenuous legislators doors will close.
a favorable light but good lobbyists will also
make lawmakers aware of the downsides of a
bill and the arguments on the other side as well.
reputation of the group and enhances a group's
ability to attain its goals.
Without money, it is hard to get your message out.
successful. Organizing members allows for
strength in numbers and pooling of financial
Pluralist theory (NAACP)
argues that interest
group activity brings
representation to all.
another.Pluralism and its Critics
1. It gives short shift to
those who are not
2. It fails to deal with the
fact that some interests
have more power than
3. It seems to leave no room
for consideration of
interest groups become so powerful
that they dominate the political
decision-making structures they
render any consideration of the
greater public interest impossible.
– Ignoring the wider interest of society
– Producing confusion and deadlock in
– Generating so much emotion that they
make reasoned discussion difficult
– Having too much influence
that does not matter?
Ex - call/email officials, meet and socialize, go to lunch, testify at committee hearings, ask for political favors
Ex. - GIVE MONEY TO CAMPAIGNS
OR… (2) groups sue business or gov for action
Ex. - Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Ford Foundation
Campaign contributions from PAC, Soft Money, and Donations – 2000 elections
Groups serve as “watchdogs”?
• Provide useful information
• Serve as watchdogs
• Represent the interest of Citizens