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WWII- End of the War in North Africa and Europe. Describe the major events that led to the end of WWII in Europe. Key Terms:. Opening Activity: What was Hitler’s plan after he failed to take Britain?. -North Africa Campaign -Italian Campaign -Tuskegee Airmen -Allies

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WWII- End of the War in North Africa and Europe

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WWII- End of the War inNorth Africa and Europe


Describe the major events that led to the end of WWII in Europe.

Key Terms:

Opening Activity:

What was Hitler’s plan after he failed to take Britain?

  • -North Africa Campaign

  • -Italian Campaign

  • -Tuskegee Airmen

  • -Allies

  • -The Battle of Stalingrad

  • -D-Day

  • -Battle of the Bulge

  • -V-E Day

  • -22nd Amendment


1938-1940

Japan invades China

US Embargo of Japanese Oil

Germany uses Blitzkrieg in Poland, and takes Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg

US starts the Draft

France & GB sign Munich Pact- Appeasement Policy towards Germany

France falls to the Germans.

1938

1939

1940

Non-Aggression Pact- Soviet Union and Germany

US Lend-

Lease Act

Hitler takes Austria and Czechoslovakia

Battle of Britain- First loss for Germany. Britain holds on, but barely.

France & GB declare war on Germany

US Neutrality Act- “cash and carry”


AXIS:

Germany

Italy

Japan

WWII

  • ALLIES:

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • Soviet Union

  • US

  • China


Nazis in N. Africa Feb. 1941

  • Hitler hoped to cut off the Allies supply of oil coming from the Middle East.

  • Nazis AfrikaKorps, led by Erwin Rommel- although under equipped was successful until the US entered the war.


War on Russia June 1941

  • Hitler breaks the Non-Aggression Pact with Stalin

  • Germany invaded Soviet Union

  • Blitzkrieg overwhelmed poorly trained Soviet Army.

  • As Soviets retreat they burned everything of use so the Nazis would have no resources.

  • Soviet Union joined the Allies (US, Great Britain, and France)


Europe 1942


Allied Strategies

-Stalin pressured US and GB to open a second front in France.

-Churchill wanted the US and GB to begin fighting in Africa.

-FDR decided on Africa because the Germans were not as strong there.

-Stalin never forgave the US because it left the Soviets to fight on their own in Europe.


North Africa Campaign, 1942

  • In Nov.1942, Allied forces landed in Morocco and Algeria, led by US General Dwight Eisenhower and took Tunisia

  • British forces attacked from Egypt.

  • The Allies captured N. Africa by May of 1943.

  • Allowed the Allies easy access to Italy


Battle for ITALY (1942-43)

  • -U.S. lands in Sicily and takes the island.

  • -Allies moved into the mainland and met little resistance.

  • -Mussolini is removed from power. And escapes to N. Italy.

  • -American forces continue north through Italy, but meet heavy resistance from the German Army.

  • Tuskegee Airman proved their ability at the Battle of Anzio

  • Allied advances were stopped by October.


Rome falls, so does Mussolini

  • -Mussolini was captured attempting to flee into Germany, he was put on trial, found guilty and shot.


Battle of Stalingrad Clip

  • As you watch think about -Why would Stalin want the US to fight Germany on a second front?


Stalingrad (Aug. 1942-Jan 1943)

  • Soviets held off Nazis until the Winter of 1943 when the battle took place in the city streets of Stalingrad

  • The Russian winter along with Stalin's unwillingness to surrender the city of Stalingrad led to the German's losing.

  • German soldiers were freezing and starving

  • 200,000 German troops were lost in the battle.


Outcome of the East

  • -1,100,000 SOVIET CIVILIAN & MILITARY DEATHS

  • -TURNING POINT OF THE WAR IN THE EAST


Effects of war on industrial cities


Allies Air War

  • Bombing was used to destroy the enemy's war making ability.

  • US favored precision bombing- bombing specific targets

  • British favor saturation bombing- the rapid release of many bombs in one area

    • Resulted in many civilian casualties


(Same as yesterday) End of the War in Europe

Key Terms

Opening Activity

What was the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe?

  • D-Day

  • Eisenhower

  • Battle of the Bulge

  • V-E Day

  • Harry Truman

  • 22nd Amendment


2nd Allied Front- In France

  • Operation “Overlord”: The Liberation of France

  • U.S. and G.B. organize an invasion from the West.

  • Organized by General Dwight Eisenhower

  • Takes place on D-Day June 6, 1944


D-Day: Normandy Beach

  • JUNE 6, 1944

  • Invasion leaves from England, to cross the English Channel

    • Used 1,200 warships, 800 transport ships,4,000 landing crafts, 10,000 airplanes

  • Enters Axis territory at Normandy Beach in France

    • Allies suffer huge casualties- 10,000 the first day

    • Invasion finally complete by July over 2 million Allied soldiers landed in France.

    • By August France was freed from the Nazis


Battle of the BulgeDec. 1944

WAR IS OVER

  • -Last major battle of WWII: Belgium

  • -Hitler attempts to stage one last offensive,Germans surprised Americans creating a “bulge” in the Allied line -Americans from the south of France arrive to stop the Germans.-Over 100,000 Germans killed- they were unable to wage war after this battle


V-E Day

  • Despite 18 million Soviet Civilian & Military deaths the Russians took Berlin in April 1945

    • Hitler committed suicide April 20th 1945

  • On May 8, 1945 the Allies celebrated V-E Day, victory in Europe

  • FDR passed away in April 12, 1945 and

    • Harry S. Truman became president

    • 22nd Amendment is created, limits the president to two terms


Next up: War in the Pacific


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