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WWII- End of the War in North Africa and Europe. Describe the major events that led to the end of WWII in Europe. Key Terms:. Opening Activity: What was Hitler’s plan after he failed to take Britain?. -North Africa Campaign -Italian Campaign -Tuskegee Airmen -Allies

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Wwii end of the war in north africa and europe
WWII- End of the War inNorth Africa and Europe


Describe the major events that led to the end of wwii in europe
Describe the major events that led to the end of WWII in Europe.

Key Terms:

Opening Activity:

What was Hitler’s plan after he failed to take Britain?

  • -North Africa Campaign

  • -Italian Campaign

  • -Tuskegee Airmen

  • -Allies

  • -The Battle of Stalingrad

  • -D-Day

  • -Battle of the Bulge

  • -V-E Day

  • -22nd Amendment


1938 1940
1938-1940 Europe

Japan invades China

US Embargo of Japanese Oil

Germany uses Blitzkrieg in Poland, and takes Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg

US starts the Draft

France & GB sign Munich Pact- Appeasement Policy towards Germany

France falls to the Germans.

1938

1939

1940

Non-Aggression Pact- Soviet Union and Germany

US Lend-

Lease Act

Hitler takes Austria and Czechoslovakia

Battle of Britain- First loss for Germany. Britain holds on, but barely.

France & GB declare war on Germany

US Neutrality Act- “cash and carry”


AXIS: Europe

Germany

Italy

Japan

WWII

  • ALLIES:

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • Soviet Union

  • US

  • China


Nazis in n africa feb 1941
Nazis in N. Africa Feb. 1941 Europe

  • Hitler hoped to cut off the Allies supply of oil coming from the Middle East.

  • Nazis AfrikaKorps, led by Erwin Rommel- although under equipped was successful until the US entered the war.


War on russia june 1941
War on Russia June 1941 Europe

  • Hitler breaks the Non-Aggression Pact with Stalin

  • Germany invaded Soviet Union

  • Blitzkrieg overwhelmed poorly trained Soviet Army.

  • As Soviets retreat they burned everything of use so the Nazis would have no resources.

  • Soviet Union joined the Allies (US, Great Britain, and France)


Europe 1942
Europe 1942 Europe


Allied strategies
Allied Strategies Europe

-Stalin pressured US and GB to open a second front in France.

-Churchill wanted the US and GB to begin fighting in Africa.

-FDR decided on Africa because the Germans were not as strong there.

-Stalin never forgave the US because it left the Soviets to fight on their own in Europe.


North africa campaign 1942
North Africa Campaign, 1942 Europe

  • In Nov.1942, Allied forces landed in Morocco and Algeria, led by US General Dwight Eisenhower and took Tunisia

  • British forces attacked from Egypt.

  • The Allies captured N. Africa by May of 1943.

  • Allowed the Allies easy access to Italy


Battle for italy 1942 43
Battle for ITALY (1942-43) Europe

  • -U.S. lands in Sicily and takes the island.

  • -Allies moved into the mainland and met little resistance.

  • -Mussolini is removed from power. And escapes to N. Italy.

  • -American forces continue north through Italy, but meet heavy resistance from the German Army.

  • Tuskegee Airman proved their ability at the Battle of Anzio

  • Allied advances were stopped by October.


Rome falls so does mussolini
Rome falls, so does Mussolini Europe

  • -Mussolini was captured attempting to flee into Germany, he was put on trial, found guilty and shot.


Battle of stalingrad clip
Battle of Stalingrad Clip Europe

  • As you watch think about -Why would Stalin want the US to fight Germany on a second front?


Stalingrad aug 1942 jan 1943
Stalingrad (Aug. 1942-Jan 1943) Europe

  • Soviets held off Nazis until the Winter of 1943 when the battle took place in the city streets of Stalingrad

  • The Russian winter along with Stalin's unwillingness to surrender the city of Stalingrad led to the German's losing.

  • German soldiers were freezing and starving

  • 200,000 German troops were lost in the battle.


Outcome of the east
Outcome of the East Europe

  • -1,100,000 SOVIET CIVILIAN & MILITARY DEATHS

  • -TURNING POINT OF THE WAR IN THE EAST



Allies air war
Allies Air War Europe

  • Bombing was used to destroy the enemy's war making ability.

  • US favored precision bombing- bombing specific targets

  • British favor saturation bombing- the rapid release of many bombs in one area

    • Resulted in many civilian casualties


Same as yesterday end of the war in europe
(Same as yesterday) End of the War in Europe Europe

Key Terms

Opening Activity

What was the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe?

  • D-Day

  • Eisenhower

  • Battle of the Bulge

  • V-E Day

  • Harry Truman

  • 22nd Amendment


2 nd allied front in france
2 Europend Allied Front- In France

  • Operation “Overlord”: The Liberation of France

  • U.S. and G.B. organize an invasion from the West.

  • Organized by General Dwight Eisenhower

  • Takes place on D-Day June 6, 1944


D day normandy beach
D-Day: Normandy Beach Europe

  • JUNE 6, 1944

  • Invasion leaves from England, to cross the English Channel

    • Used 1,200 warships, 800 transport ships,4,000 landing crafts, 10,000 airplanes

  • Enters Axis territory at Normandy Beach in France

    • Allies suffer huge casualties- 10,000 the first day

    • Invasion finally complete by July over 2 million Allied soldiers landed in France.

    • By August France was freed from the Nazis


Battle of the bulge dec 1944
Battle of the Bulge EuropeDec. 1944

WAR IS OVER

  • -Last major battle of WWII: Belgium

  • -Hitler attempts to stage one last offensive,Germans surprised Americans creating a “bulge” in the Allied line -Americans from the south of France arrive to stop the Germans.-Over 100,000 Germans killed- they were unable to wage war after this battle


V e day
V-E Day Europe

  • Despite 18 million Soviet Civilian & Military deaths the Russians took Berlin in April 1945

    • Hitler committed suicide April 20th 1945

  • On May 8, 1945 the Allies celebrated V-E Day, victory in Europe

  • FDR passed away in April 12, 1945 and

    • Harry S. Truman became president

    • 22nd Amendment is created, limits the president to two terms



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