The past perfect tense
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The Past Perfect Tense. page 363 Avancemos 3. The Past Perfect Tense. In ENGLISH the past perfect describes actions that HAD occurred BEFORE other actions in the past. We had already eaten when she called. Ya habíamos comido cuando llamó. The Past Perfect Tense.

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The Past Perfect Tense

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The past perfect tense

The Past Perfect Tense

page 363Avancemos 3


The past perfect tense1

The Past Perfect Tense

  • In ENGLISH the past perfect describes actions that HAD occurred BEFORE other actions in the past.

  • We had already eaten when she called.

  • Ya habíamos comido cuando llamó.


The past perfect tense2

The Past Perfect Tense

  • Use the past perfect tense to show that an event had already occurred (or not occurred) at a specific moment in the past.


The past perfect tense3

The Past Perfect Tense

  • Use HABER in theimperfect tense with a pastparticiple.

  • habíahabíashabía+ pastparticiplehabíamoshabíaishabían


The past perfect tense4

The Past Perfect Tense

  • The past perfect tense is used when a past action was completed prior to another past action.

  • Expressions such as "ya", "antes", "nunca", "todavía" and "después" will often appear in sentences where one action was completed before another.


The past perfect tense5

The Past Perfect Tense

  • Cuando llegaron los padres, los niños ya habían comido.

  • When the parents arrived, the children had already eaten.

  • Yo había comido antes de llamarles.

  • I had eaten prior to calling them.


The past perfect tense6

The Past Perfect Tense

  • The auxiliary verb and the past participle are never separated. Object pronouns are placed immediately before the auxiliary verb.


The past perfect tense7

The Past Perfect Tense

  • Pablo le había dado mucho dinero a suhermana.

  • Pablo had given a lot of money to his sister.

  • To make this sentence negative, the word "no" is placed before the indirect object pronoun (le).

  • Pablo no le había dado mucho dinero a suhermana.

  • Pablo had not given a lot of money to his sister.


The past perfect tense8

The Past Perfect Tense

  • With reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun is placed immediatedly before the auxiliary verb. Compare how the present perfect differs from the simple present, when a reflexive verb is used.


The past perfect tense9

The Past Perfect Tense

  • Me lavolasmanos. (present)

  • I wash my hands.

  • Me habíalavadolasmanos. (past perfect)

  • I had washed my hands.

  • To make this sentence negative, the word "no" is placed before the reflexive pronoun (me).

  • No me habíalavadolasmanos.

  • I had not washed my hands.


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