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Linking Data to Understand Veteran Suicide and Direct Effective Prevention Programs. Claire Hoffmire, PhD Department of Veterans Affairs VISN2 Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention. Suicide Mortality Surveillance: The Cornerstone of Suicide Prevention. Effective surveillance systems:

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Linking data to understand veteran suicide and direct effective prevention programs

Linking Data to Understand Veteran Suicide and Direct Effective Prevention Programs

Claire Hoffmire, PhD

Department of Veterans Affairs

VISN2 Center of Excellence for Suicide Prevention


Suicide mortality surveillance the cornerstone of suicide prevention
Suicide Mortality Surveillance: Effective Prevention ProgramsThe Cornerstone of Suicide Prevention

  • Effective surveillance systems:

    • Inform the development of targeted prevention strategies that have the potential to meaningfully reduce suicide burden

    • Help to evaluate the impact of existing and newly implemented prevention programs.

  • National suicide surveillance systems:

    • National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)

    • NDI

    • VA State Mortality Project

  • National priority to improve suicide surveillance

    • 2012 National Strategy for Suicide Prevention goal

      • “Increase the timeliness and usefulness of national surveillance systems relevant to suicide prevention and improve the ability to collect, analyze, and use this information for action.”


National Average: Effective Prevention Programs

11.44/100,000

Data obtained from WISQARS Fatal Injury Reports: http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars


NVDRS Effective Prevention ProgramsCoverage


Suicide among u s veterans percentage of all suicides identified as veterans
Suicide among U.S. Veterans Effective Prevention ProgramsPercentage of all Suicides Identified as Veterans



The state mortality data project
The State Mortality Data Project Effective Prevention Programs

  • “The Department of Veterans Affairs believes that a comprehensive suicide prevention program requires timely and accurate information beyond that acquired from it’s internal patient population.” – 2012 Suicide Data Report

    • Overcome delay’s associated with national mortality data

    • Accurately identify true Veterans

    • Understand suicide among all Veterans

    • Evaluate differences and changes in outcomes among VHA utilizing Veterans

  • A State-VA Collaborative Project

    • In 2010 VA Secretary Shinseki requested collaboration and support from all U.S states

    • Data on all known suicides reported from 1999 through 2015

    • Will be used, in part, to fulfill Public Law 111.163 to determine the number of Veterans who died from suicide 1999-2009


Project status may 2013
Project Status: May 2013 Effective Prevention Programs

  • Data Requested from death certificates

    • SSN, Name, DOB, DOD, Age, Sex, Race/ethnicity, Marital status, Education, ICD-10 Cause of death, State & County of residence, County of death, Veteran Status, Industry, occupation

  • Project Barriers

    • Inconsistent availability of requested information in all states

    • State barriers to providing non-resident data

    • State preference to provide de-indentified data due to conflicting interpretation of Social security laws


Project Status Effective Prevention Programs

*

*

*

*

*

In Negotiation


Linking to va data
Linking to VA Data Effective Prevention Programs

  • Validation of Veteran Status

    • Partnership with the DOD to accurately identify all Veterans

    • Preliminary evidence indicates that death certificate misclassification exists

    • Improve comparison of Veterans to non-Veterans

  • Identification of VHA service utilization

    • Directly compare VHA & non-VHA Veterans for the first time

    • Medical information also available for VHA users

  • Inclusion of state data in suicide mortality repositories

    • VA Suicide Data Repository

      • State records, annual VA NDI all-cause search, SPAN, VCL, expanded VA-DoD NDI search

    • VA-DoD collaborative Data Repository

      • VA-DoD NDI search, limited DoD service record, DoDSER



State mortality project preliminary findings death certificate misclassification of veteran status
State Mortality Project Preliminary Findings: Effective Prevention ProgramsDeath Certificate misclassification of Veteran status

1999-2008 overall Sensitivity Estimates

Males: 90%

Females: 68%

18-39 years: 84%

40-64 years: 92%


The veteran population is changing
The Veteran population is changing Effective Prevention Programs


Joining forces to save lives why initiate or continue state va partnerships
Joining Forces to Save Lives: Effective Prevention ProgramsWhy initiate or continue State-VA Partnerships?

  • The Veteran population is changing making accurate and timely surveillance of Veteran suicide mortality more critical than ever

  • Veterans make up nearly 20% of all suicide decedents

    • Nearly 8,000 Veterans die by suicide every year

    • In the next 5 years, the NAASP set a goal to save 20,000 lives = 4,000 lives annually

  • Partnering with the VA can greatly improve the accuracy of Veteran status reporting on death certificates

  • Coverage far exceeds that of NVDRS and can inform its expansion

  • VA and DoD can add critical information to inform prevention

  • VA Secretary Shinseki has requested the help of State Health Departments to improve our understanding of Veteran suicide and save lives


The ultimate goal identify all veteran suicides
The Ultimate Goal: Identify all Veteran Suicides Effective Prevention Programs

State suicide death certificates

We’re working together to close this gap!

VA-DOD NDI search

VHA Veterans

All Veteran Suicides


Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements Effective Prevention Programs

  • Jan Kemp, RN, PhD – VA National Mental Health Program Director

  • Robert Bossarte, PhD – Acting Associate Director, COE

  • Kenneth Conner, PsyD, MPH – Director, COE

  • Rebecca Piegari, MS – Statistician, COE

  • Brady Stephens, MS – Statistician, COE

  • Heather Shaw, BS – Research Assistant, COE

  • Janet McCarten, PhD – Health Science Specialist, COE

  • Participating State Health Department POCs


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