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Map Making Made Easy in ArcGIS. Session Overview. Map and layout design ArcMap techniques Map output Creating and using ArcMap templates. Affective and substantive design. Affective What is the ‘look’ or ‘feel’ of the map? Historical, modern, crowded, simple.

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Presentation Transcript
session overview
Session Overview
  • Map and layout design
  • ArcMap techniques
  • Map output
  • Creating and using ArcMap templates
affective and substantive design
Affective and substantive design
  • Affective
    • What is the ‘look’ or ‘feel’ of the map?
    • Historical, modern, crowded, simple
affective and substantive design1
Affective and substantive design
  • Substantive
    • What is shown on the map and for what purpose?
    • What is the substance of the map or layout?
map design considerations
Map design considerations
  • What is the map about?
  • Who is the map for?
  • How will the map be used?
  • Are there technical limits?
how should i tailor my map
How should I tailor my map?
  • Maps should be tailored to their audience
    • Map meant for a group of School District Officials:
      • symbols & abbreviations unfamiliar to the general public
  • Maps should also be tailored to their uses
    • Report map vs. Wall map:
      • simple vs. elaborate
      • color vs. black & white
how can i present my data effectively
How can I present my data effectively?
  • Graduated symbols
    • Features: locations, lines, areas
    • Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks

Source: ESRI, INC.

how can i present my data effectively1
How can I present my data effectively?
  • Graduated colors
    • Features: areas, continuous phenomena
    • Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks

Source: ESRI, INC.

how can i present my data effectively2
How can I present my data effectively?
  • Charts
    • Features: areas, locations
    • Values: counts/amounts, ratios
what should an effective map do
What should an effective map do?
  • Inform
  • Reveal
  • Clarify
  • Convince
layout design1
Layout design
  • Balance
    • Margins
    • White space
    • Bounding boxes
    • Alignment

Unbalanced layout

layout design2
Layout design
  • Balance
    • Margins
    • White space
    • Bounding boxes
    • Alignment

Balanced layout

layout design3
Layout design
  • Balance
    • Margins
    • White space
    • Bounding boxes
    • Alignment
  • Figure-ground
layout design4
Layout design
  • Balance
    • Margins
    • White space
    • Bounding boxes
    • Alignment
  • Figure-ground
  • Visual contrast
layout design5
Layout design
  • Balance
    • Margins
    • White space
    • Bounding boxes
    • Alignment
  • Figure-ground
  • Visual contrast
  • Visual hierarchy
understanding fonts
Understanding Fonts
  • Fonts are the personality of a map
  • Can be serious or carefree
  • Make sure they are legible
  • A single map will usually contain only 2 fonts: 1 serif & 1 san serif
understanding fonts1
Understanding Fonts
  • Callouts use graphic elements to link a text element to a location
  • Use callouts sparingly; reserve them for when you need to clarify locations in a densely labeled
  • Using a callout for every label on a map would produce distracting and excessive visual clutter in most contexts
understanding fonts2
Understanding Fonts
  • Halos function much like shadows
  • Also called "letter casing" & an "inline" in some design software, a halo can be used to decorate text or to subtly improve contrast with the background
elements of a effective map
Elements of a effective map
  • Carefully prepared & symbolized data
  • Legend to explain the symbols
  • A descriptive title
  • Projection information
  • A source statement
  • Other elements:
      • North Arrow
      • Scale Bar
      • Neatline
      • Disclaimer
elements of a effective map1
Elements of a effective map

Title

Neatline

Legend

North Arrow

Scale Bar

elements of a effective map2
Elements of a effective map

Logo & Creation

Date

Davis Demographics & Planning, Inc.July 2008

S:/district/sb_cnty/chaffey/arcmap/High School Boundaries.mxd

Data source

map making basics1
Map Making Basics
  • Layout view
    • Page & Print Setup
    • Layout Tools toolbar
    • Draw toolbar
  • Adding elements to the layout
    • Legend
    • North Arrow
    • Scale bar
  • Changing the map elements
page properties and techniques1
Page properties and techniques
  • Set grids and guides
page properties and techniques2
Page properties and techniques
  • Set grids and guides
  • Use them to align and distribute page elements
    • Use Graphics toolbar
map making basics2
Layout toolbarMap Making Basics

GO BACK to EXTENT

GO FORWARD to EXTENT

ZOOM CONTROL

ZOOM IN

ZOOM OUT

PAN

FIXED ZOOM IN

FIXED ZOOM OUT

ZOOM WHOLE PAGE

ZOOM to 100%

TOGGLE DRAFT MODE

FOCUS DATA FRAME

CHANGE LAYOUT

using arcmap templates
Using ArcMap Templates
  • What are templates?
      • Contain static elements
      • Speed map creation
      • Are useful for creating map series
      • Standardize layouts
      • Can be shared with other depts.
      • Are stored in .mxt file format
using arcmap templates1
Using ArcMap Templates
  • Using an existing template
    • At start of ArcMap, choose a template
  • Within ArcMap, switch to another template
    • Layout tool bar > Change layout
where are templates stored
Where are templates stored?
  • ESRI produced templates are located in:
where are templates stored1
Where are templates stored?
  • Custom produced templates are saved in:
    • Or can be saved on a network folder to be used by a dept.
using arcmap templates2
Using ArcMap Templates
  • Create your own template
    • Start Arcmap
    • Create new map or open an existing map or template
    • Customize your map
      • Add layers & symbols
      • Add other elements you want in template
      • Delete data layers before you save the template
    • Save map document as an ArcMap template
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