Enroute
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ENROUTE . Chapter 5 Review. Enroute Charts. High Altitude Above 18000’ jet routes Low Altitude Below 18000’ Victor airways. Low Altitude Enroute. Victor Airways Connect VORs, VOR/DMEs, VORTACs 8 nm wide to 51 nm 4.5 deg after 51 nm. Chart Altitudes. MEA MOCA MAA OROCA MRA MCA.

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ENROUTE

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Enroute

ENROUTE

Chapter 5 Review


Enroute charts

Enroute Charts

  • High Altitude

    • Above 18000’

    • jet routes

  • Low Altitude

    • Below 18000’

    • Victor airways


Low altitude enroute

Low Altitude Enroute

  • Victor Airways

    • Connect VORs, VOR/DMEs, VORTACs

    • 8 nm wide to 51 nm

    • 4.5 deg after 51 nm


Chart altitudes

Chart Altitudes

  • MEA

  • MOCA

  • MAA

  • OROCA

  • MRA

  • MCA


Low altitude enroute chart nos

Low Altitude Enroute Chart NOS

  • Miscellaneous

    • Blue or Green depicted airports mean same for civilian pilots

    • Special Use Airspace is charted on Low Altitude Charts

    • A clearance to cross SUA indicts permission to enter SUA

    • Most information can be found in legend

(End of of Section A)


Communications

COMMUNICATIONS

  • As part of your clearance, a departure frequency is assigned

  • Switch when advised by tower or clear of local traffic pattern

  • Pause before transmitting


Communications1

COMMUNICATIONS

  • Example:

    • Kansas City Center

    • KS24

    • off SLN

    • 2,500

    • climbing

    • 5,000


Communications2

COMMUNICATIONS

  • When a new frequency is assigned, read back frequency.

  • Change freq., pause.

  • Transmit “who you are talking to, who you are, attitude, altitude”

  • Example: “Denver Center, KS71, Level, FL210”


Reporting procedures radar nonradar

REPORTING PROCEDURESRADAR/NONRADAR

  • Anytime

    • Leaving altitude

    • Leaving any assigned holding fix

    • Missed approach

    • <500 fpm climb/decent

    • TAS varies>5% or 10 kts

    • Time & altitude reaching a holding fix

    • Loss of Nav/Comm(Equip)

    • Unforecast weather


Reporting procedures nonradar position reports

REPORTING PROCEDURESNONRADAR (position reports)

  • At required reporting points

    • I D

    • P osition

    • T ime

    • E levation

    • E TA next

    • N ext next


Reporting procedures nonradar position reports1

REPORTING PROCEDURESNONRADAR (position reports)

  • Example

    • KC center

    • KS81

    • Salina

    • 1530

    • FL300

    • HYS 1545

    • Lamar next


Ifr altitudes

IFR Altitudes

  • Hemisphere Rule

  • From MEA or MOCA to 18000’

    • Altitudes are from local altimeter setting

    • Course 180’ to 359’, Even thousands

    • Course 360’ to 179’, Odd thousands


Ifr altitudes1

IFR Altitudes

  • Above 18000’

    • Flight Levels

    • Altimeter is set to 29.92”, PA

    • Sometimes conflicts occur

    • Altitudes still follow hemisphere rule

(End of Chapter 5 Section B)


Holding procedures

Holding Procedures

  • Holding is a waste of time.

  • Normally issued for spacing


Holding pattern

Holding Pattern

  • Race track shaped pattern

  • 1 Min Inbound legs <14000’ MSL

  • 1 1/2 min > 14000’ MSL

  • Standard holding pattern is right turns

  • At Nav facility, intersection, or Radial/DME


Holding pattern1

Holding Pattern

  • MAX Holding speed

    • >14000’, 265 KIAS

    • 6000’-13999’, 230 KIAS

    • <6000’, 200 KIAS


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