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ENROUTE . Chapter 5 Review. Enroute Charts. High Altitude Above 18000’ jet routes Low Altitude Below 18000’ Victor airways. Low Altitude Enroute. Victor Airways Connect VORs, VOR/DMEs, VORTACs 8 nm wide to 51 nm 4.5 deg after 51 nm. Chart Altitudes. MEA MOCA MAA OROCA MRA MCA.

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enroute

ENROUTE

Chapter 5 Review

enroute charts
Enroute Charts
  • High Altitude
    • Above 18000’
    • jet routes
  • Low Altitude
    • Below 18000’
    • Victor airways
low altitude enroute
Low Altitude Enroute
  • Victor Airways
    • Connect VORs, VOR/DMEs, VORTACs
    • 8 nm wide to 51 nm
    • 4.5 deg after 51 nm
chart altitudes
Chart Altitudes
  • MEA
  • MOCA
  • MAA
  • OROCA
  • MRA
  • MCA
low altitude enroute chart nos
Low Altitude Enroute Chart NOS
  • Miscellaneous
    • Blue or Green depicted airports mean same for civilian pilots
    • Special Use Airspace is charted on Low Altitude Charts
    • A clearance to cross SUA indicts permission to enter SUA
    • Most information can be found in legend

(End of of Section A)

communications
COMMUNICATIONS
  • As part of your clearance, a departure frequency is assigned
  • Switch when advised by tower or clear of local traffic pattern
  • Pause before transmitting
communications1
COMMUNICATIONS
  • Example:
    • Kansas City Center
    • KS24
    • off SLN
    • 2,500
    • climbing
    • 5,000
communications2
COMMUNICATIONS
  • When a new frequency is assigned, read back frequency.
  • Change freq., pause.
  • Transmit “who you are talking to, who you are, attitude, altitude”
  • Example: “Denver Center, KS71, Level, FL210”
reporting procedures radar nonradar
REPORTING PROCEDURESRADAR/NONRADAR
  • Anytime
    • Leaving altitude
    • Leaving any assigned holding fix
    • Missed approach
    • <500 fpm climb/decent
    • TAS varies>5% or 10 kts
    • Time & altitude reaching a holding fix
    • Loss of Nav/Comm(Equip)
    • Unforecast weather
reporting procedures nonradar position reports
REPORTING PROCEDURESNONRADAR (position reports)
  • At required reporting points
    • I D
    • P osition
    • T ime
    • E levation
    • E TA next
    • N ext next
reporting procedures nonradar position reports1
REPORTING PROCEDURESNONRADAR (position reports)
  • Example
    • KC center
    • KS81
    • Salina
    • 1530
    • FL300
    • HYS 1545
    • Lamar next
ifr altitudes
IFR Altitudes
  • Hemisphere Rule
  • From MEA or MOCA to 18000’
    • Altitudes are from local altimeter setting
    • Course 180’ to 359’, Even thousands
    • Course 360’ to 179’, Odd thousands
ifr altitudes1
IFR Altitudes
  • Above 18000’
    • Flight Levels
    • Altimeter is set to 29.92”, PA
    • Sometimes conflicts occur
    • Altitudes still follow hemisphere rule

(End of Chapter 5 Section B)

holding procedures
Holding Procedures
  • Holding is a waste of time.
  • Normally issued for spacing
holding pattern
Holding Pattern
  • Race track shaped pattern
  • 1 Min Inbound legs <14000’ MSL
  • 1 1/2 min > 14000’ MSL
  • Standard holding pattern is right turns
  • At Nav facility, intersection, or Radial/DME
holding pattern1
Holding Pattern
  • MAX Holding speed
    • >14000’, 265 KIAS
    • 6000’-13999’, 230 KIAS
    • <6000’, 200 KIAS